Government of Meghalaya
 Budget Speech

1986 87


Shri D. Dethwelson Lapang

Finance Minister, Meghalaya

17th March, 1986



With your permission, I rise to present the Annual Financial Statement for the year 1986-87 before this august House.

National  Economic Scene

2.  The overall performance of the national economy during the year has been encouraging. The growth of the economy is likely to range between  4.5 to 5  percent as compared to 3.5 percent in 1984-85. Despite severe droughts in several regions of the country, increase of 3 percent in agricultural production is likely to be achieved during the year as against a decline of 1 percent in the previous year. The foodgrains output is estimated at around 150 million tonnes against 146 million  tonnes in 1984-85. Stocks of foodgrains reached a record level of 29 million tonnes in June 1985 and is expected to remain high with good rabi harvest.

3. A series of measures have been taken during the year to generate higher growth and employment in the Industries  sector. Industrial production is showing signs of acceleration in the recent months. The increase in wholesale price index in the current year upto 8th February, 1986 was 3.4 percent as against 5.4 percent last year, recording the lowest increase among the last few years. However, the consumer price index recorded a higher increase of 7.5 percent between March and November, 1985. While prices of manufactured items have been some what stable, sharp fluctuations in the prices of agricultural produce continue to be a major concern. 

4. The Union budget was presented before the Parliament a few days back which seeks to transfer resources from the more  affluent section to the weaker section of the community. The union budget  also declared some reliefs for salaried income group.

Meghalaya Economic Scene

5. The economic trends at the national level are bound to have some effects in the  economy of the State as well. The State Domestic Product for 1985-86  has been worked out according to "quick estimates" at Rs.265.5 crores (at 1984-85 prices) as compared to Rs.244.4 crores in 1984-85 recording an increase of 8.63 per cent. The substantial contribution of this increase came from  mining  and quarrying, construction activities and forests. The target of foodgrains production during 1985-86 was 1,93,000 tonnes against 1,84,000 tonnes in1984-85. Despite floods and pest attacks in some parts of the State, the target is likely to be achieved. The production of jute and mesta is expected to increase from 69,314 bales to 74,000 bales and that of cotton from 5,142 to 5,200 bales. Production of potato is likely to reach 1,66,000 tonnes against 1,49,424 tonnes in 1984-85.

6. Due to the breakdown of machinery in the Mawmluh Cherra Cement factory there was a further shortfall of 1300 tonnes in the production of cement during 1985 from the production of 95,840 tonnes in 1984. Production of coal is expected to be of the same level of 9,12,000 tonnes as in 1984. Production of sillimanite was only 3,400 tonnes in 1985 as against 4,000 tonnes in 1984. Production of limestone was 2.34 lakhs tonnes during 1985 as against 2.18 lakh tonnes in 1984. There was a shortfall in the generation of electricity as com pared to 1984.

7. The price situation in Meghalaya during 1985 has been more sable expect in respect of vegetables, fish and other perishable articles. Retail prices in both urban and rural areas were observed to be more stabilised as compared to the previous year.

8. The problem of un-employment confronts this State also as in other parts of the country. The number of job seekers in Employment Exchanges, registered a rise of 23.9 percent at the end of September 1985 over that of the corresponding date of the previous year.

Seventh Five Year Plan

9. The outlay of the Seventh Five Year Plan of the State for 1985-90 has been fixed at Rs.440 crores as against the approved Sixth Plan Outlay  of  Rs.235 crores. However, the outlay for the five annual plans under the sixth Plan totaled Rs.264 crores. Under the Seventh Plan the highest priority  is being accorded to Social and Community Services with 27.9 percent followed by Transport and Communication with 19 percent. Power Programmes with 15.9 percent Agriculture and Allied Sector 15.3 percent of the total outlay.

Annual Plan for 1986-87

10. The Annual Plan outlay for 1986-87 has been fixed at Rs.91 crores against Rs.75 crores during the current year. In the light of special problems and developmental needs in the State the programmes have been formulated to ensure a balanced development of all sectors on the  basis of the following order of priority (a) development of infrastructure, (b)  development of human resources particularly in the  field of education, (c) agriculture and allied sectors, (d) development of social and community services with emphasis on minimum needs and 20 Point Programmes, (e) employment generation and improvement of income levels of the economically weaker sections and (f) completion of ongoing projects. Sectoral allocations for 1985-86 and 1986-87 have been indicated at Annexure I.

11. Apart from the State Plan outlay of Rs.91 crores, an outlay of Rs.8.1 crores has also been approved under the Regional Plan of the NEC  for 1986-87. Over and above these, the State Government will implement some Centrally Sponsored and Central Sector Schemes as may be approved by the Government of India.

12. Implementation of the 20-Point Programme will continue to receive special attention of the Government, State Government are also conscious of the importance of decentralization in planning for achieving a more balanced development. For this purpose, District Planning and Development Councils have been set up to replace the existing District Planning Boards and the administrative machinery to assist these Councils are also being reorganised  for better planning execution and monitoring. In order to monitor implementation of various development programmes and to ensure proper utilisation of Plan programmes and to ensure proper utilisation of Plan funds, one of my Colleagues in the Cabinet has been entrusted with the specific task of programme implementation.

13. Manpower Planning and Employment Generation Councils have been set up in all districts to advise the Government on matters relating to manpower planning and employment generation. A time bound programme for integrated development 100 villages has been started in November 1985.

Science and Technology 14. A new cell of Science and Technology has been created in the Planning Department to assist  the State Council of Science. Technology and Environment for implementation of various schemes. To develop an adequate science and technology base, attempts have been made to identify problems and evolve solutions through application of science and technology. Other programmes initiated include strengthening of metrology stations and data collection, establishment of rural science clubs construction of three dimensional models, installation of telescopes at the district headquarters to generate interest in Astronomy. 
Non-conventional sources of Energy

15. For tapping non-conventional sources of energy, four photovoltaic pump-sets have been installed for  demonstration purposes. Two small scale solar water distillation plants have also been set up for supply of distilled water to hospitals and for recharging batteries. It is proposed to install five thousand litres solar hot water system in Tourist Bungalow at Shillong. Two small wind generators  have been successfully commissioned at Upper Shillong and Mawngap. An indigenously designed experimental Micro-hydel scheme is nearing completion. Further propagation  of the uses of non-conventional sources of energy is envisaged by way of training and demonstration the coming year.

Agriculture and Allied Sectors

16.  The aims of the agricultural developmental programmes are to attain self-sufficiency in foodgrains, increased coverage under different cash and horticultural crops, intensification of activities that accelerate foodgrains production by raising their productivity level per unit area and thereby improving the economy of the farmers. These are sought to be achieved by intensive application of fertilizers, use of high yielding variety seeds, increase in the agricultural productivity in rainfed areas, provision of larger coverage of irrigated areas for  multiple cropping, strengthening of the extension machinery, intensification of plant protection measures including demonstration and training programmes and adoption of improved technology. The target of foodgrains production 1986-87 has been proposed at 2.03 lakh tonnes as against the target of 1.93 lakh tonnes during 1985-86.

17. Measures for development of horticulture are proposed to be intensified. The existing orchards and nurseries are proposed to be further strengthened to meet the increased demand of planting materials to be made available at subsidised cost. Cultivated area under maize and other cash crops is proposed to be extended. As against the target of potato production of 1.66 lakh tonnes for 1985-86 a target of 1.68 lakh tonnes is proposed for 1986-87 with an additional area coverage of 100 hectares.

18. Cultivation of tea as a small holding crop will be intensified by establishing three seed barriers and by bringing an additional area of 150  hectares under cultivation around each processing unit. Maintenance of the three experimental centres and the three mini processing units set up in 1985-86 will continue. Under mushroom development programme, the  individual  and group training and experiments on raising of local edible mushroom will continue. Efforts for increasing production and higher consumption of rural compost, chemical  fertilisers and bone-meal will be made. Forty-five additional  sale points of fertilisers are proposed to be opened during 1986-87. Subsidy for transport of fertilisers, supply of plant protection chemicals, making of compost pits, will continue. The MECOFED entrusted with the procurement and distribution of fertilisers in the State is proposed to be assisted financially.

19. The research laboratory wing will be strengthened to enable it to intensify adaptive research programmes for a larger coverage. Two research Laboratories are proposed to be set up one each in East Garo Hills and West Khasi Hills Districts the mechanical wing  will be strengthened and 5 agro-custom, sub-centres are proposed to be established. The Department has installed 15 Gobar Gas Plants in 1984 and 52 in 1985. For excellent performance in this respect, the State Government have been awarded a prize by the Government of India. Land acquisition for the proposed regulated market has been initiated. For better implementation of the various expanded programmes, it is proposed to strengthen the Department through recruitment of technical personnel and by granting stipends for studies in various disciplines.

20. Under minor irrigation, an additional area of 2,600 hectares is likely to be covered by the end of 1985-86, making the cumulative total of 37,110 hectares. For the year 1986-87, an additional area coverage of  1,800 hectares is proposed.

Soil Conservation

21. For ensuring proper agricultural development on sustained basis, effective soil and water conservation measures are necessary. Measures undertaken include the jhummias rehabilitation scheme, watershed management programmes, afforestation of jhummed hill slopes, fodder and pasture development to prevent exhaustive grazing and protection works to control accelerated soil erosion. The rehabilitation programmes consist of providing jhummia families with developed and irrigated lands for permanent cultivation of food crops including cash and horticultural crops. Under this scheme 4,030 families benefited  till March 1985 and 346 additional families are expected to benefit by March, 1986. Till March 1985, 12,965 hectares and 7,945 hectares were covered under afforestation and irrigation cum protection respectively. During this year 1,450 hectares under afforestation and 1,248 hectares under Irrigation and protection programmes are expected to be covered. Expansion of the Training Institute and the Project Management of selected mini  Water Shed Programmes are proposed to be taken up under the NEC plan.

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary

22. The agro-climatic conditions of Meghalaya are highly conductive to livestock rearing and promotional of this occupation, being less capital intensive and having short gestation period, can play a vital role in  improving the economy of the rural population and in increasing supply of protective food like meat, eggs and milk. The existing cattle, sheep and goat, pig and poultry farms will be improved and expanded to meet the increasing demand for breeding stock. The Department will continue to provide technical guidance and health cover and encourage people to adopt improved and scientific animal husbandry practices. Cross breeding of cattle by artificial insemination will be further intensified to cover larger area. A regional pig breeding arm sponsored by NEC  is proposed to be set up. The Department will continue to sponsor students  and trainees in various disciplines to meet the requirement of technical man-power.


23. Forests play a vital role in not only maintaining the ecological balance but also in checking erosion of soil and in preserving its richness and fertility. Due to indiscriminate felling of trees, serious damage has been caused to the valuable forest wealth of the State. To remedy the situation the State Government embarked upon a programme of afforestation of barren hills and regeneration of forests. Afforestation schemes under Production Forestry, Social Forestry, the Kopili catchment area, National Rural Employment Programme, Ecological Restoration and Plantation under "Operation Soil Watch"  have been continuing and an area of 5233 hectares has been covered during 1985-86. Afforestation in the Kopili catchment  area is proposed to be taken up in the next season. The target of distribution of seedlings to interested growers under the  20 Point Programme has been achieved. The Government have taken over possession of 220 Sq. Kms of land at Balpakram for the proposed National Park. Land acquisition process for the proposed Nokrek National Park has been initiated.


24. With a view to increasing fish production, measures for dissemination of technique and popularizing pisciculture, protection and conservation of fisheries, training to Pisciculturists, improvement of infrastructures for fish breeding and fish seed production will be intensified. For larger production of carp seeds, installation of Chinese type hatcheries in West Garo Hills is proposed in 1986-87. Reclamation of swamps and marshy lands for culture of air breathing fishes is proposed. The paddy-cum-fish programme having proved economical and beneficial will be intensified. Installation of a cold storage (Ice Plant) for preserving fish is proposed. The scheme for distribution of tools and implements  to fishermen at subsidised rates will continue.

Community Development

25. With a view to accelerating development in the rural areas, programmes under general Community Development, special nutrition, Integrated Rural Development (IRDP), National Rural Employment (NREP,) Rural  Landless Employment Guarantee Programmes (RLEGP) and assistance to small and marginal farmers will be continued and further be intensified. Under the RLEGP a new scheme for construction of houses for persons belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is proposed to be taken up in the ensuing year.


26. Cooperative movement in the State is making steady progress consequent upon implementation of various developmental programmes. Target for issue of short term loan by the Meghalaya Cooperative Apex Bank for 1985-86 is likely to be achieved. The Apex Bank initiated several measures to improve operational efficiency and serviceability of its branches. A Committee has been set up by the Apex Bank to identify the operational and organizational difficulties of the Reorganised Service Cooperative Societies and to suggest measures for their removal.

27. The Meghalaya State Cooperative Marketing and Consumers' Federation (MECOFED) has been handling agricultural and minor forest  produce like cotton, jute, ginger, tezpatta, grass broom, etc. Steps have been initiated by the Federation for tie up arrangements with National Organisations like Jute Corporation of India, National Agricultural Marketing Federation, Cotton Corporation of India and other National Co-operative and regional organisations for procurement and marketing of agricultural  and forest  produce. The Federation has also set up and is operating two jute baling plants, one rice huller in Garo Hills and an Exercise Book manufacturing unit at Mawiong. MECOFED  has set up retail outlets of essential commodities and other consumer articles in focal point centres bordering  Bangladesh and propose to open similar outlets in other areas as well. Twenty-four marketing godowns with capacity of 10,750 tonnes have been constructed. Three godowns with capacity 750 tonnes are under construction.

28. For effective distribution of essential commodities and consumer articles under the public distribution system, the Consumers' Co-operatives are proposed to be strengthened. The State Co-operative Union continues its efforts to spread cooperative education, conduct training programmes and seminars and publish journals and booklets on the Co-operative Movement. Co-operatives established by the weaker sections in the fields of handloom, fishery, small and cottage industries and dairy are proposed to be strengthened to  provide  subsidiary economic activities..

Flood Control and Medium Irrigation

29. Flood embankments and protection works implemented by Public Works Department in 1985-86 are likely to benefit an area of 495 hectares. During 1986-87 flood embankment and protection works are expected to cover an area of about 500 hectares. The Rongai Valley Irrigation  Project is still awaiting clearance of the Government of India.


30. Work  of the Umiam-Umtru Stage IV project with an installed capacity of 2x30 MW is in full swing and is expected to be commissioned during 1988-89. The project report on Myntdu (Leishka) Hydro Electric Project is under preparation. Detailed investigation of Umiam-Umtru Stage V and some mini and Micro- Hydel Schemes is proposed to be taken up during the Seventh Plan Period. Investigation of the Kynshi project, an NEC sponsored scheme, is in progress. The renovation work of the Shillong Electric Supply System will continue. Under rural electrification, the target for 1986-87 is approximately 200 villages. Against the target of 344 million units of power proposed to be generated during 1985-86, 283 million units have been generated till the end of December, 1985.


31. The objective of the Industries Department are to motivate entrepreneurs to set up industries in the small scale sector particularly in the rural areas. Out of the five District Industries Centres, 2 (two) are yet to be fully manned due to lack of technical man-power. Training programmes, assistance to entrepreneurs in procurement of scarce and controlled raw materials, grants-in-aid to trainees who successfully completed training courses and encouragement in establishment of small, tiny and cottage industries generating employment and increased production will continue. Assistance will continue to be given to the Meghalaya Khadi and Village Industries Board to implement. programmes of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission. The Meghalaya Handicrafts Development Corporation is proposed to be revived and entrusted with the additional function of development of handlooms particularly in the rural areas. It is proposed to set up a Rural Industries Development Centre at Jowai with the assistance of Hindustan Machine Tools.

32. In the large and medium sector, the Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) will continue its efforts to develop industries base on natural resources and the needs for industrial products. The MIDC has identified a collaborator for setting up the Siju Cement plant in the joint sector. The two industrial estates at Barapani and Byrnihat will continue to be developed. The tantalum capacitor project at Barapani is expected to go into trial production by June,1987.

Sericulture and Weaving

33. Sericulture and handloom weaving plays an important role in providing additional income to the people in the rural areas. About thirty-thousand people, mostly of the weaker section are estimated to be engaged in this occupation. One hundred hectares of additional plantation each of mulberry and eri have been covered during the current year and the remaining four hundred hectares is proposed to be covered in a phased manner during the remaining period of the Seventh Plan. Raising of superior varieties of sapplings for supply to silk worm rearers was taken up in the existing mulberry and muga nurseries. Works to establish two mulberry and one muga nurseries have been started. The existing muga centres are proposed to be developed by the Central Silk Board. Improved in silk rearing and spinning has been made for quality production of silk yearn. A cocoon processing centre is being set up. Two Handloom Demonstration-Cum-Production Centres are being started and one more will be set up next year. Modernisation of handlooms and reorganisation of existing Demonstration-Cum-Production centres will be taken up in a phased manner. Training of local artisans and technical personnel will continue.

Mining and Geology

34. Mining and Geology Department will continue the investigation of various mineral deposits. Its Mining Section is proposed to be strengthened for the purpose of collection of royalty on coal. The Mineral Development corporation will also be strengthened for better administration of coal mining industry.

Transport and Communication

35. Road transport is the only means of communication on our State. As such, development of the State depends on an efficient communication system. Hence the programme for construction and development of road network is receiving due priority. By the end of Sixth Plan, a total road length of 5063 Kms was achieved. An additional road length of 110 Kms is expected to be achieved by the end  of the current financial year. During the next year it is proposed to construct 120 Kms additional road length, improve 69 Kms, black-top 48 Kms and construct 480 running metres of bridges. By the end of the next year a total road length of 5293 Kms is likely to be achieved.

36. The construction of the station building of Meghalaya Transport Corporation (MTC) at Police bazar and staff quarters for Central Workshop is nearing completion. The Station Buildings at Tura and Williamnagar have been completed and those at Jowai and Nongstoin will be taken up. During the current year, the MTC has put 20 new buses on the road and another 20 buses are being procured. For the construction of the airfield at Baljek in West Garo Hills District, land measuring 74.30 hectares has been acquired. Additional land is being surveyed to meet the need for future expansion.

37. Out of the 450 national permits, 50 all India Omni bus permits and 400 all India Tourist taxi permits allotted to Meghalaya, 425,50 and 311 permits respectively were issued to applicants. Special taxis registered as MLY were introduced to meet the need of visiting public and tourists. Schemes for strengthening the enforcement machinery, construction of truck parking complexes, establishment of a workshop and financial assistance to persons belonging to Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes for purchase of transport vehicles are proposed to be taken up in 1986-87.


38. The Government are paying special attention to the development of tourism in the State. The construction of Tourist Lodge at Tura and a Drive-in-Restaurant at Nongpoh is in progress and likely to be completed in 1986. Schemes for water sports at Umiam Lake and construction of a Tourist Restaurant at Cherrapunjee are expected to be taken up next year. The Meghalaya Tourism Development Corporation proposes to take up construction of the Crow borough Tourist Complex at Shillong.


39. Human resource development and removal of illiteracy are the twin objectives of education. The Government have decided to set up a new Department of Education and Human Resources Development to achieve the above objectives. It is proposed to open lower primary schools in those villages which are viable ones amongst the 1620 school-less villages in the next ten years starting from 1986-87 and to cover non-viable villages through inter-village residential schools. With the grants made available by the Finance Commission it is proposed to reconstruct 194 old Primary School buildings and to appoint 300 additional teachers in the single teachers schools in the current year and to reconstruct 453 school buildings and appoint 250 additional teachers in the next year. By the end of the Seventh Plan it is expected that 1293 school buildings will be reconstructed and 1038 additional teachers appointed. Enrolment of 8000 additional children at the Primary level is proposed next year against 6000 in 1985-86. The non-formal education centres will be  increased from 400 during the current year to 600 in 1986-87 to enroll 15000 drop out children.

40. Enrolment in Middle Schools has also increased in 1985-86 and it is expected to increase by another 4000 in 1986-87 bringing the cumulative total to 68000 at the end of the year. For removal of illiteracy, adult literacy centres are proposed to be increased from 1300 to 1500 next year with an enrolment of 42000 against 39000 covered in the current year. Assistance is being given to schools for strengthening Science and Mathematics teaching aids and for  training of teachers. Training programme for teachers will be intensified. The rate of Government contribution to the Contributory Provident Fund of the teachers of the deficit schools has been raised from 6 to 8 percent. The benefit of gratuity has been extended for the first time to the retiring teachers of such schools. To supplement  educational programme, the State Central Library and District libraries at Tura and Jowai will be strengthened. The District libraries at Williamnagar and Nongstoin are proposed to be brought to full fledged status by the end of Seventh Plan.

41. The newly created Directorate of Sports and Youth Welfare will be further strengthened. The infrastructural development connected with sports will be continued and extended. It is also proposed to raise NSS  Volunteers in the colleges and to expand the activities  of Scouts  and Guides in the schools. The Directorate of Arts and Culture, which has started functioning, will be further strengthened. The State Museum is under construction.

42. Technical education will be improved and expanded. Computer and Electronic disciplines will be introduced in the Shillong Polytechnic. The non-Government Colleges will be given assistance for Science education and introducing non-traditional subjects.

Health and Family Welfare

43. Despite constraints in availability of technical manpower and is basic infrastructure, the Department is making efforts to attain the goal of 'Health for All' by the year 2000 A.D. Facilities for Primary Health Care, control of leprosy, tuberculosis, blindness and family welfare programmes which form part of the 20-Point Programme are receiving special care. Health care services presently being catered from 32 Primary Health Centres, 214 Sub-Centres, 45 Dispensaries and 5 Subsidiary Health Centres have been expanded during 1985-86 by the establishment of another 30 Sub-Centres, 4 Primary Health Centres and one Community  Health Centre. Construction of 9 Primary Health Centres, 50 Sub-Centres and 2 Community Health Centres is proposed in the next year. Construction of the T.B. Centre at Lamin, the  100 bedded hospital at Tura and the Cobalt Therapy unit at Shillong is being speeded up. Renovation and expansion work of the Pasteur Institute is nearing completion. Production of vaccines in the Institute has also increased. Special attention is being paid to drug control and the Food and Drug Control Laboratory in the Pasteur Institute will continue  to sponsor candidates for training in Medical and Pharmacist courses, Nurses training at Tura and Shillong will  continue. Nurses are proposed to be sent for higher training to Institutes outside the State. It is expected that the Government of India will take up construction of  Indira Gandhi Regional  Institute of Medical Sciences soon.

Water Supply

44.  The programme of providing safe drinking water is an important scheme under the 20-Point Programme. The Public Health Engineering Department has taken up a number of rural and urban water supply schemes and by the end of March, 1985, 1069 problem villages and 196 non-problem villages have been covered. Out of 300 problem and non-problem villages targeted for 1985-86,  forty-nine villages have been provided with drinking water facilities upto the end of December 1985 and the target is expected to be achieved by the  end of the year. A target of 450 villages is fixed for 1986-87. the Greater Shillong Water Supply Phase  I is in progress and is expected to be completed shortly. The Phase II of the scheme is proposed to be taken up next year. Ground water exploration has been taken up wherever feasible utilising the two drilling rigs provided by the UNICEF.


45. The Housing Department is implementing schemes for giving various housing loans, providing residential accommodation to the rural population especially the economically weaker sections. During 1985-86, 40 houses for the economically weaker sections have been built under a pilot project at Nongmynsong at Shillong and 20 houses are under construction with central assistance at Smit Village.  The department  has also resumed construction of rental houses and low cost houses. The Meghalaya State Housing Board has been constituted and it is expected that the house building activities will get intensified.

Town and Country Planning

46. Development plans for three sub-divisional and 2 district headquarters have been prepared. Suitable legislative measure is proposed for enforcement of these plans. The target of covering 20,000 persons during the Sixth Plan under the environmental improvement of slum area has been exceeded. Target of covering 6000 persons for the current year is expected to be achieved, while 9000 persons are proposed  to be covered during 1986-87. The Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Integrated Development of Small and  Medium Towns taken up for Shillong and Tura are proposed  to be completed  within the Seventh Plan. The  scheme is  proposed to be taken up for Jowai town in 1986-87. A new scheme for provision of infrastructure in towns and growths centres with a view to attracting economic activities that generate employment has been introduced during the current year and will be continued. A planning cell set up suggesting measures to arrest environmental deterioration and to implement protection and conservation measures is proposed to be strengthened in 1986-87.


47. The two craftsmen training centres at Shillong and Tura will continue to impart training in various vocational trades. The Industrial Training Institute  at Shillong has now its own building at Umpling. The Employees' State Insurance Scheme has been implemented in Shillong in 6 industrial units covering 153 workers. It is proposed to extend the scheme to Byrnihat for which a survey has been conducted. The State Government propose to extend the Scheme to new sectors like restaurants, commercial establishments and shops. During the current year the Self Employment Cell for promoting placement  of physically handicapped persons has been started in the Divisional Employment Exchange at Shillong. The Civil Task Force platoons are engaged  in the work of black-topping of a part of Songsak-Mendipathar road.

Border Area Development.

48. To supplement the developmental efforts of the various Departments, special programmes have been taken up for the border areas of the State to rehabilitate the economy of the border people. The Government are greatly concerned with the various problems faced by the border people and the main thrusts of the border areas development programmes are in the fields of road communication, agriculture including horticulture and animal husbandry, fisheries, soil conservation and marketing facilities. Twelve Agro-custom hiring centres managed by the MECOFED will continue to be maintained. During 1986-87, the department propose to introduce a new scheme of subsidy on transportation of consumer articles to and agricultural produces from the border areas. The Department also propose to undertake an appraisal of the continuing programmes and to identify activities which require greater thrust for improving the social economic conditions in this area.


49. In pursuance to the agreement between the Chief Ministers of Assam and Meghalaya, a committee has been constituted with Justice Y.V. Chandrachud, former Chief Justice of India, as Chairman and Justice V.S. Deshpande as member for making a study and give expert interpretation on the constitutional boundary between Meghalaya and Assam. Programmes of survey and establishment of land record system under the Meghalaya Land Survey and Records Preparation Act 1980 are in progress and cooperation of the District Councils in the implement ion  of these programmes have been sought for. Government also propose to resume Government land and acquire properties leased out to private individuals in Shillong for public purposes.

50. The State was affected by flash floods, and heavy landslides during the year 1985-86. Steps for providing immediate relief to the affected people were taken up and the Government of India were also approached to provide funds for rehabilitation of the affected people and restoration of damage public facilities.

Information and Public Information's

51. Rural Integrated Information Centres have been set up in different parts of the State to provide information on developmental schemes and programmes of the State Government, particularly in the rural areas. The department propose to open two more sub-divisional information officers and to set up photographic cells in all the district offices and a video programme production cell during 1986-87.

Food & Civil Supplies

52. The bulk requirement of foodgrains and essential commodities of the State is imported from outside and consequently the selling  prices are governed by the prices prevalent at the procuring centres. Inspite of these constraints, the supply position of foodgrains and other essential commodities is satisfactory. To monitor the price of essential commodities and to promote consumer resistance, a State Level Consumer's Protection Council and the District Level Committees have been constituted. It is expected that the Council and the District Committees will play effective roles in the protection of quality, quantity and prices of essential commodities. The number of Fair Prices Shops has been increased to 2382. People of Meghalaya will be benefited through a scheme for distribution of foodgrains at subsidised rates to the tribal people under the Central Government's Integrated Tribal Development Projects.

Social Welfare

53. Programmes of training, rehabilitation and employment of orphans, handicapped persons and women in need of care and protection will be continued. The Integrated Child Development Service Projects which aim at providing pre school health check-up immunization, nutrition and child development will be expanded. Under the Special Nutrition Programme 41,500 beneficiaries were covered by 12 projects. During 1986-87, two projects functioning  in more than one Community Development block will be bifu5rcated and one new Project is likely to be sanctioned by the Government of India. Under the Urban Areas Nutrition Programmes, a target of 13,800 beneficiaries has been fixed for 1986-87. Grant of Scholarships to physically handicapped students, assistance to voluntary organisations engaged in welfare activities of women, children and physically handicapped persons will continue. Since 1983-84, 107 handicapped persons have been trained in different trades and 11986-87 in fifty persons are proposed to be trained. The Old Age Pension Scheme will continue. The Personal Accidents Social Insurance Security Scheme has been implemented recently in West Garo Hills District and a new scheme for providing pension to the totally infirm, deaf, dumb and blind persons will be introduced in 1986-87.Since 1974-75, 179 persons have been provided with prosthetic aids and the target for 1986-87 is to assist 45 handicapped persons.

Police and Home Guards

54. The overall law and order situation in the State has been normal. This has been made possible because of the sense of responsibility, goodwill and cooperation extended by the people and the firm steps taken by the Government from time to time. The infiltration of foreign nationals is being tackled and apart from the establishment of police out posts and check posts all along the international border, 612 registered and 288 un-registered village defence parties have been organised to assist the State police and B.S.F. in detecting infiltrators as well as checking the border crimes. For the construction of some administrative and residential buildings required by the police personnel a sum of Rs.200 lakhs provided in the current financial year will be fully utilised. Another sum of Rs.61.32 lakhs granted by the Government of India under the Eighth Finance Commission will also be utilised for the construction of quarters, etc., for the lower ranks police personnel. Besides assisting the BSF, the Home Guards personnel  are also being deployed by NEEPCO, Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation apart from other Government organisations and departments. The First border Wing Home Guards battalion have so for earned four gallantry medals awarded by the President of India for exceptional gallantry and high devotion to duty. During 1985-86, 139 personnel and 236 villagers were  trained in flood relief services at Phulbari and Barapani with the help of  A Civil Defence team from West Bengal.


55. Construction of new jails at Tura, Jowai and Williamnagar, taken up with funds provided by the Seventh Finance Commission is in progress. The Eighth Finance Commission has further awarded an amount of Rs.467.82 lakhs for upgradation of jail administration in the State for the period 1985-86 to 1988-89.


56. After the Lok Sabha General Election of 1984, the electoral rolls of all the 60 Assembly constituencies forming segments of the (1) Shillong and (2) Tura Parliamentary constituencies, were taken up for summary revision in early 1985 with reference to 1st January, 1985. The same electoral rolls have again been revised summarily in 1986 with reference to 1st January, 1986.


57. Different schemes and Programmes for collection and consolidation of statistical information are being continued by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics. The table on unemployment of the thirty eighth round National Sample Survey Programme has been completed and works on other tables of the round are in progress. Reports on jhum cultivation under the 32nd round have been completed. A socio-economic survey pertaining to the Lyngngam and Bhoi communities has also been conducted. Report on the socio-economic survey of the Biate Community is nearing completion. The report on the Economic Census 1980 has been completed and sent to the  Central Statistical Organisation. A scheme initiated in 1985, for imparting training to the junior statistical personnel will be continued. A number of publications have been released by the Directorate during the year. All existing programmes are proposed to be continued.


58. There are only two municipalities in the State at Shillong and Tura. Both the Municipalities, constituted under the Municipal Act, are in financial difficulties and therefore, the State Government have been giving them financial assistance to run their administration. In the current year, a sum of Rs.55.05 lakhs has been paid to the Shillong Municipality and Rs.8 lakhs to the Tura Municipality as grants-in-aid.

Assistance to the District Councils

59. An amount of Rs.45 lakhs has been provided in the State Plan Budget for financial Assistance to the District Councils to implement  their rural development schemes for the current year and Rs.55 lakhs has been proposed for the next year. For strengthening the administrative machinery of the District Councils for enforcement of some important legislations, a grants-in-aid of Rs.20 lakhs has been provided in 1985-86 and the same amount is proposed for 1986-87.

60. Sir, before coming to Budget estimates for 1986-87, I would like to give a brief account of the actuals for 1984-85 and revised estimates for 1985-86.

Actuals 1984-85

61. During 1984-85, receipts and expenditure on all accounts were Rs.82,332.61 lakhs and Rs.82,208.04 lakhs respectively leaving a surplus of Rs.124.57 lakhs which reduced the negative opening balance of Rs.1,074.22 lakhs to Rs.949.65 lakhs at the close of the year. However, the State Government had an amount of Rs.887.25 lakhs invested in the Government of India Treasury Bills at the close of the year.

Revised Estimates 1985-86

62. the year 1985-86 opened with a negative cash balance of Rs.949.65 lakhs. According to the Revised Estimates of the current year, total receipts including sale of Treasury Bills of Rs.887.25 lakhs will be Rs.84,495.32 lakhs while expenditure on all accounts have been estimated at Rs.83,552.76 lakhs. The expected surplus of Rs.942.56 lakhs will reduce the negative opening balance from Rs.949.65 lakhs to Rs.7.09 lakhs at the close of the year.

Budget Estimates1986-87

63. The year 1986-87 is expected to start with a small deficit of Rs.7.09 lakhs. During the year, revenue receipts and expenditure from revenue have been estimated at Rs.21,773.99 lakhs and Rs.16,390.68 lakhs respectively leaving  a surplus of Rs.5,383.31 lakhs. Outside the revenue account, the estimated receipts and expenditure and Rs.67,771.46 lakhs and Rs.73,161.36 lakhs respectively leaving a deficit of Rs.5,389.90 lakhs which will be substantially set off by the revenue surplus. On the whole, a small deficit of Rs.6.59 lakhs has been estimated. Together with the opening deficit of Rs.7.09 lakhs, the estimated closing deficit is Rs.13.68 lakhs. Details are at Annexure II.

64. Since the estimated deficit is very small, it should be possible to cover it by economy in non-plan expenditure and by improvement in the collection of Government dues. I therefore, do not propose any fresh measure of additional resource mobilisation.

65. Though Meghalaya has made progress in various fields during the last fourteen years since its inception as a separate State, it has yet to achieve much more to reach the level of other developed States. Programmes have been formulated for upliftment of the conditions of our people, particularly on the Scheduled Tribes and other Backward Classes. With the co-operation of the honourable members, I am confident that it will be possible for us to discharge our responsibilities and obligations effectively and reach our desired goals.

66. With these words, I place the Budget Estimates for 1986-87 before this august House for consideration and acceptance. As it will not be possible for the House to complete detailed discussions and voting on the  budget grants by the 31st March, 1986, I propose that the House may grant a vote-on-account to enable the Government to carry on the activities from the beginning of the next financial year.




(Rs. in Lakhs)
Sector            1985-86 1986-87
1. 2. 3
I. Agriculture and Allied Services -
   Crop Husbandry 287.25 312.00
   Soil and Water Conservation 320.00 340.00
   Animal Husbandry 120.00 130.00
   Dairy Development 20.00 20.00
   Fisheries 40.00 41.00
   Forestry and Wildlife Plantations 526.00


   Food Storage and Warehousing 6.00 6.00
   Agriculture Research and education (only for Agriculture Crop Husbandry) 9.75 10.00
   Investment in Agriculture Financial Institutions        1.00       1.00
   Other Agricultural Programme-
    (a) Marketing and Quality Control 22.00 23.00
    (b) Others 
Co-operation : 105.00 120.00
 TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services 1,457.00 1,569.60
II  Rural Development 
Special Programme for Rural Development
(a) Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 50.00 119.90
(b) Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) 10.00 10.00
(c) Pilot Project for Village Development 10.00 10.00
Rural Employment :-
National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) 48.00 40.00
Land Reforms 30.00 35.30
Community Development and Panchayats 60.00 60.00
TOTAL -II- Rural Development 208.00 275.20
III. Special Area Programme
     Border Area Development Programme 190.00 190.00
     Total - III - Border Area Development 190.00 190.00
IV. Irrigation and Flood Control
     Major and Medium Irrigation  10.00 10.00
      Minor Irrigation 169.00 175.00
      Command Area Development 1.00
       Flood Control Projects 20.00 20.00
Total -IV -Irrigation and Flood Control 200.00 205.00
V. Energy -
     Power 1,330.00 2,114.00
     Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE) 10.00 11.80
 Total -V- Energy 1,340.00 2,125.00
VI. Industry and Minerals :-
      Village and Small Industries 110.0 58.00
      Industries (Other than Village and Small Industries) 155.00 307.00
      Mining  40.00 35.00
Total - VI- Industry and Minerals 305.00 400.00
VII. Transport
        Roads and Bridges 1,050.00 1,150.00
        Road Transport 160.0 160.0
        Other Transport Services
 Total - VII-Transport 1,210.00 1,310.00
VIII. Science, Technology and Environment
Scientific Research including  Science and Technology 15.00 15.0
Ecology and Environment 3.00 3.00
Total-VII- Science, Technology and Environment 18.00 18.00
IX. General Economic Services
 Secretariat Economic Services 8.00 6.00
Tourism 40.00 45.00
Survey and Statistics 8.00 5.50
Civil Supplies 10.00 11.00
Weights and Measures 8.00 5.00
Total -IX- General Economic Services 74.00 72.00
X. Education, Sports, Arts and Culture
     General Education 295.00 347.00
     Technical Education 20.00 23.50
     Art and Culture 15.00 17.65
     Sports and Youth Services 30.00 35.30
Sub-Total-X- Education, Sports, Arts and  Culture 360.00 423.45
XI Health :-
     Medical and Public Health 260.00 300.00
XII Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development:-
      Water Supply and Sanitation 885.00 850.00
      Housing Including  Police Housing 290.00 320.00
     Urban Development 45.00 53.00
TOTAL -XII- Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development. 1,220.00 1,223.00
XIII. Information and  Publicity
     Information and Publicity 10.00 12.00
XIV. Welfare of Schedule Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. 1.00 1.00
XV. Labour and Labour Welfare :-
        Labour and Employment
       (a) Labour  includes Welfare and Training 11.90 8.45
       (b) Employment
            Employment  Exchange 3.10 5.55
Total -XV-Labour and Labour Welfare 15.00 14.00
XVI. Social Welfare and Nutrition
Social Security and Welfare Nutrition 32.00 35.00
Nutrition 46.00 54.00
Total -XVI- Social Welfare and Nutrition 78.00 89.00
XVII. Other Social Services-
     Aid  to Municipalities 11.00 11.00
Total -XVII - B- Social Services 1,955.00 2,073.45
XVIII General Services :-
     Stationery and Printing 40.00 40.00
     Public Works 250.00 250.00
     Aid to District Councils 50.00 55.00
     Patrolling of National Highways .... ....
     Upgradation of Standard of Administration 203.00 515.45
TOTAL - C - C. GENERAL SERVICES 543.00 860.45
GRAND TOTAL 7,500.00 9,100.00



 (Rs. in lakhs)
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1985-86 1986-87
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-)917.22 (-)1,074 (-)1,476.62 (-)949.65 (-)7.09
Revenue Receipt 12,495.72 14,797.99 17,927.94 18,656.28 21,773.99
Capital under the Consolidated Fund 2,311.07 3,970.53 4,206.58 4,041.86 4,536.80
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 178.80 1,384.02 200.00 1,111.94 600.00
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 58,927.97 62,180.07 47,930.60 60,685.24 62,634.66
TOTAL RECEIPT 73,913.56 82,332.61 70,265.12 84,495.32 89,545.45
GRAND TOTAL 72,942.34 81,258.39 68,788.50 83,545.67 89,538.36
Revenue Expenditure 9,971.46 11,681.53 13,810.63 14,779.49 16,390.68
Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund 4,729.83 6,147.69 8,103.78 8,518.34 10,070.70
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 178.80 1,381.02 200.00 661.94 600.00
Capital Expenditure under the Public Account 59,136.47 62,994.80 48,155.60 59,592,99 62,490.66
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 74,016.56 82,208.04 70,270.01 83,552.76 89,552.04
Closing Balance (-)1,074.22 (-)949.65 (-)1,481.51 (-)7.09 (-)13,68
GRAND TOTAL 72,942.34 81,258.99 68,788.50 83,545.67 89,538.36
(a) In Revenue Account (+)2,524.26 (+)3,116.46 (+)4,117.31 (+)3,876.79 (+)5,383.31
(b) Outside Revenue Account (-)2,627.26 (-)2,991.89 (-)4,122.20 (-)2,934.23 (-)5,389.90
(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance (-)103.00 (+)124.57 (-)4.89 (+)942.56 (-)6.59

Note :- (+) Indicates surplus and (-) indicates deficit.