Government of Meghalaya
Budget Speech

1983 84


Shri Hopingstone Lyngdoh

Deputy Chief Minister, Meghalaya

24th March, 1983



I rise to present the annual financial statement for the year 1983-84

National Economy

2. The Indian economy has recorded a good performance in recent years. The national income showed an increase of 5 percent in 1981-82 on top of a marked increase of 8.1 percent in 1980-81. For the first two years of the Sixth Plan, the average annual growth rate of the gross national product amounts to 6.6. percent per annum. Due to a set back in agriculture and the slowing down of the rate of industrial output, the gross national product in 1982-83 could expand only by a modest amount  of 2 percent and for the first three years of the Sixth Plan, the expansion is around 5 percent. Impressive strides have been made in agriculture leading to a record foodgrains production of 133.1 million tonnes in 1981-82. Industrial sector, as whole, continued to perform well. The index of industrial production increased by 4 percent in 1980-81 and by 8.6 percent in 1981-82 and for the year 1982-83, it was estimated to be around 4.5 per cent. The rate of inflation had slowed down and, infact, from about September 1982, declining trends have been observed. As in mid-January 1983, the increase in the wholesale price index was estimated at 2.8 percent against 6.4. percent in the corresponding period of the previous year. For the year 1982-83,the rate of increase is expected to be only around 3 percent.

Meghalaya's Economy

3.  In the current year, the trend in all the major sectors of Meghalaya's econo9my indicates that the progress is quite encouraging. The production of foodgrains in 1982-83 is estimated at 1,60,000 tonnes  recording an increase of 3.13 percent over the level of 1981-82. The production of jute and mesta in 1982-83 is 69,122 bales showing an increase  of 12 percent over the level of the previous year. Potato has maintained a rising trend reaching around 1,40,000 tonnes in 1982-83 as compared to 125,199 tonnes in 1981-82. There where some shortfalls in the industries and mineral sectors in 1982. The total production of cement is of the order of only 86,800 tonnes in 1982 as against 92,730  tonnes in 1981.Generation of electricity also is only 371.65 million KW against 407.15 million KW in 1981.  It is, however, estimated that the level of coal production will be maintained as in 1981.The behaviour of prices during 1982 was rather mixed  and the wholesale price of rice increased by varying  degrees at Shillong, Jowai and Tura. On the other hand, a number of commodities such as pulses, sugar and mustard oil showed a declining trend during the year. The wholesale price of potato was also lower by 12.26 percent during 1982. Retail prices of all commodities as a whole, continued a rising trend and these are between 6.3 percent and 6.5  percent in the first 11 months of 1982 over the corresponding period of the previous year. The Employment Exchange  statistics indicate that the employment situation has shown a marginal improvement. The number of job seekers in the live registers at the end of December 1981 is 10,438 and it came down to 10,057 in August 1982.

Development Strategy

4. The main objective of the Government is to provide good administration in the State that will render effective service to the people and raise their economic status and standard of living. As the vast majority of the people of our State belongs to the scheduled tribes, special care  and attention will continue to be paid to the tribal people in consonance with the declared objectives of the State Government and consistent with the national policies as enshrined in the Constitution. The abundant natural resources in our State have to be harnessed in such a manner that the benefits of development reach the  rural areas. The process of development can be meaningful  only if there is active involvement of the people of the State in the developmental efforts. The shortage of technical manpower has been a major constraint in the expeditious implementation of various plan schemes  and developmental programmes. Government will lay greater stress  on manpower development so as to encourage the tribal youth to take to technical  education and to be more fully associated in the process of development.

     The 20- Point Programme announced by the Prime Minister on 14th January, 1982 has generated considerable enthusiasm in our State, as its main thrust is to develop the weaker sections of the society. A major segment of the programme is for development of the schedule tribes which is particularly relevant  for Meghalaya. The need for adoption of more scientific agricultural practices, increase in irrigation network, expansion of coverage of rural development and rural employment programmes, emphasis on afforestation and importance accorded to social services like water supply, health care education and expansion of public distribution system constitute some aspects of the new programme. These high priority areas along with  development of communications have formed the core of the State's Sixth Plan and  the outlay on specific  points of the programme for 1983-84 is a sizeable  part of the total  annual plan outlay. The State  Government are confident that willing and active co-operation of the members  will be forthcoming for the successful implementation of the programme.

Eighth Finance Commission

5. As Hon'ble Members are aware, the President of India has constituted the Eighth Finance Commission  which has to submit its report by the 31st October, 1983.

   The State Government have submitted to the Commission the estimated requirement of funds on the non-plan side for the period 1984-85 to 1988-89. Government have brought out the need for special consideration to the tribal and hill States like Meghalaya. Despite their diversities in size  and resource potential, all the States whether big or small, financially strong or otherwise, have been entrusted with substantial responsibilities which are at the core of a more equitable social order. In a  federation like ours, the basic principle to be applied  for determining devolution of financial resources should be  that resources match the fiscal needs. The federal financial system should aim at diverting the surplus of the Union to the States that are most in need of them, as also to those whose  capacity to create assets of their own is limited. The State  Government are highlighting these fundamental aspects before the Finance  Commission and have also stressed the need for the Commission to contribute effectively to further the accepted policy of reduction in regional imbalances.

Annual Plan 1983-84

6. The annual plan outlay of Meghalaya for 1983-84 has been fixed at Rs.56.82 crores. Substantial sums have been earmarked for roads, power, agricultural services, education and water supply. The public works sector for construction of administrative buildings in the new sub divisional  headquarters, as also police housing have been accorded a higher outlay. A sum of Rs.1  crore has been set apart for taking up  integrated watershed projects under Soil Conservation Department. In the execution of this project, a number of other  departments will be involved. A new sector of Science and Technology has been introduced in the next year's plan under which a provision of Rs.2.50  lakhs has been made for environmental protection and development  and a similar amount for establishing a Science and Technology Council. In addition  to the State plan outlay, the North Eastern Council has also allotted an amount of Rs.4.68 crores for the next year for continuing on-going programmes as also for taking up new schemes located in Meghalaya.

      For the current year, the plan outlay was initially fixed at Rs.51.20  crores. The need for augmenting this provision to meet the additional requirements in certain areas like roads, housing, urban development and administrative and residential buildings was discussed in detail, with the Union Finance Ministry and the Planning Commission and the current year's plan has been augmented by a sum of Rs.1.50 crores.

Plan Implementation

7. Hon'ble Members will notice that the plan outlay of Meghalaya has been showing an increase from year to year. In view of the cost escalation and the peculiar problems faced by States in the northeast, it is still not adequate to meet our requirements in order to make up the enormous backlog. It is, however, essential that plan funds should be properly utilised and that greater attention should be given  to ensure that schemes and projects are effectively implemented so that the physical targets are achieved. Government have set up monitoring cells at various levels of  administration to watch the progress in plan execution and remove bottlenecks, wherever they exist. The State Planning board as also the District Planning Boards and the district-level coordination committees have been meeting frequently to discuss and review the implementation of development programmes. The shortage of technical manpower as also difficulties in getting scarce materials like steel and bitumen in time continue to pose a  major problem. These have been brought to the notice of the  Government  of India and the North Eastern Council for taking up remedial measures.

8. A copy of the supplement to the Budget Speech which brings out in detail a review of the implementation of the development schemes and programmes for 1983-84 has been circulated to the Hon'ble Members. I may, however, highlight some of the important features in this regard.

Agriculture and Allied Sectors

9. For the development of agriculture, a Plan outlay of Rs.220 lakhs has been earmarked for 1983-84 against the outlay of Rs.206 lakhs for 1982-83. The target of foodgrains production for 1983-84 has been fixed at 1.75 lakh tonnes against the estimated achievement of 1.60 lakh tonnes  in 1982-83. The production for 1982-83 fell below the target of 1.73 lakh tonnes due to floods, hailstorm and heavy infestation of pests in different parts of the State. It is expected that higher production in 1983-84 will be sustained through larger coverage under high yielding varieties and improved  varieties of crops, application of fertilisers and pesticides and double cropping in irrigated areas. The target of potato production is fixed at 1.50 lakhs tonnes for 1983-84 against the estimated achievement of 1.40 lakhs tonnes in 1982-83. For the development of horticulture, the department has taken up a large number of demonstrations and seedlings are supplied at a subsidised rate. Fertilizer, an essential input to increase agricultural production, has to be brought from outside the State and in order to ensure that sufficient quantities are made available in time to the farmers, the Meghalaya State Co-operative Marketing and Consumers' Federation Ltd., has been appointed as the sole authority to lift the fertilizer quota of the Government from various factories in our country. Government would continue to give necessary transport subsidy so as to ensure availability of fertilizer at uniform prices throughout  the State.

10. As regards minor irrigation, a number of schemes have been taken up during the current year and during 1983-84, new projects have been formulated to bring about 2,800 hectares of additional area under irrigation bringing the total irrigated areas to 34,100 hectares.

11. The destructive method of shifting cultivation continues to be a major factors depleting the soil, water and vegetation resources of the state. Jhum control, therefore, is an important programme of the Soil Conservation Department .During 1983-84, it is proposed to continue the package scheme to provide land for settled cultivation  to the Jhumias and also to encourage cultivation of low volume and high value cash crops like coffee, rubber and black pepper. To meet the requirement of planting materials by the individual growers, the department  has set up nurseries with fund provided by the N.E.C. The other steps taken up by the department include various soil and water conservation measures  in selected mini-watersheds and to protect existing cultivable land  through terracing, bunding and also providing  vegetative cover by afforestation of abandoned jhum lands, barren hills and catchment areas of important springs and rivers. The expanding activities of the department call for greater emphasis in training of  field personnel. Training programmes for the field level workers at the conservation Training Institute  at Byrnihat are being continued. The expansion of this Institute  with finance from the N.E.C. to train middle level and gazetted officers is now in an advanced stage. As  stated earlier, a provision of Rs.1 crore has been made for taking up integrated watershed projects under Soil Conservation sector.

12. Livestock farming constitutes an integral part of the rural economy of Meghalaya. The main objectives of this programme are to increase the supply of protective  food such as milk, meat  and eggs and to improve the economy of the people. The various animal  husbandry schemes  will be continued in the next year. In order to meet the requirement of technical manpower, the department is sending students in veterinary science to various colleges.

13. Fishery Department in the State is yet to pick up activities to the required  extent. The main difficulty faced by the department  is that most of the available natural fishery resources are outside the control of the State Government. the department  has however, taken up a number of schemes to promote the development of fishery in the State such as assistance to pisciculturists, introduction of trout culture as also encouragement for training and studies in fisheries.

14. Forests play a major role in balancing and preserving the environment . Even though the State receives heavy rainfall in summer, our landscape in winter becomes dry and streams do not have  sufficient water for irrigation  and for meeting the needs of the people. Forests, especially  in the catchment areas, need therefore immediate protection. The basic infrastructure has been build up for large scale  afforestation of barren hills under the  social forestry programme. With funds from  the N.E.C.  it is proposed to take up afforestation of the catchment area of the Kopili hydel project in 1983-84. A sum of Rs.20 lakhs has been earmarked for area development programme in villages surrounding the proposed Tura Ridge Biosphere  Reserve in 1983-84.

Rural Development

15. The community development programme aims at uplifting the rural economy and continues to receive the close attention  of the government. A part from the regular activities which include general community development programmes and special nutrition programme, other schemes like Integrated Rural Development Programme and National rural Employment Programme are also being implemented. These are intended for ameliorating the economic condition of the rural people through a gainful employment and creation of durable  assets in the villages. The State plan outlay in this sector under community development, integrated  rural development, national rural employment and special nutrition programmes for the next year is Rs.192.50 lakhs.


16. The co-operative movement in the State has now divesified to other fields of economic activities besides credit  and marketing. The functioning of the primary agricultural credit co-operative societies has shown some improvement with the posting  of trained secretaries. A programme of action has also been initiated to develop six model primary agricultural credit societies. The Meghalaya State Co-operative  Apex Bank Limited is continuing its efforts  to meet the credit needs of the farmers and other co-operative  institutions. The Meghalaya State Co-operative  Marketing and Consumers' Federation Ltd., has been playing  a significant  role in marketing agricultural and forest produce and in supplying agricultural inputs.  The Federation  is also gradually increasing its activities in procurement  and distribution  of essential commodities and a number of retail outlets at focal point  centres have been set up for the purpose. The Meghalaya State  Housing Financing  Co-operative  Society Ltd., is extending loans to weaker sections for construction of houses. It has taken advantage  of credit  facilities from the Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Meghalaya Apex Handloom Weavers and Handicraft Co-operative  Federation Limited has recently been set up to promote and develop handloom and handicraft activities in the State. The plan outlay for this sector is Rs.105 lakhs. for 1983-84.

Flood Control and Medium Irrigation

17. A number of schemes  for construction of embankments to protect villages exposed to floods are being continued under the flood control programme of the Public Works Department. In 1982-83, an area of about 2,160 hectares previously affected by floods will be benefited by the protection works. One of the two medium irrigation schemes in the State is  awaiting clearance from the Centre and its execution will commence as soon as it is approved  by the Government of India.


18. The enormous potential of Meghalaya for hydel power is still to be substantially utilised. The work of the Umiam-Umtru Stage IV  hydro electric project  with the Upper Khri diversion is under implementation by the Meghalaya  State Electricity  Board. The 132 KV. line from Tura to Nangalbibra is expected  to be commissioned  in 1983-84. Till the end of 1981-82, 960 villages have been electrified under the rural electrification programme covering about 21 percent of the total villages in the State. The investigation of the Myntdu project in Jaintia Hills. With an installed capacity of 4X18 MW is nearing completion and the project report is expected to be ready soon. Investigation of the Kynshi hydro electric project and the Umiam-Umtrue Stage V project  is being continued. The inter-State tariff  for power  supplied to Assam has been fixed at the rate of 35 paise per unit plus 2 paise as central excise duty.

   The existing State grid in Meghalaya was not planned and equipped for evacuation of power from Kopili Project into lower Assam. This calls for strengthening and augmentation of Meghalaya grid and proposals have been submitted to the North Eastern Council for financial assistance for the purpose. The Council has agteed in principle to the scheme. 

Industries and Minerals

19. The Industries Department's endeavour is to take up those industrial projects where the local people can be more actively involved. In order to encourage industries and to achieve their dispersal  the Government propose to meet the cost of infrastructural development for those schemes located in the interior areas so that this expenditure is not added on to the project cost.

    The Meghalaya  Industrial  Development  Corporation is being assisted for taking up a number of projects. Two joint sector projects have already been identified where the Corporation will participate. The Corporation  also is operating the refinance scheme of the Industrial Development Bank of India and has been entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with scarce and controlled raw materials.

   As regards the Siju Clinker project, a revised project report has been prepared. A project to manufacture tantalum  capacitors and nickel cadmuim  cells in collaboration with the Electronic Corporation  of India is being considered. It is proposed  to start  a mini cement project of 20 tonnes per day unit capacity to serve as a demonstration unit based on the model of a vertical shaft kiln in Jodhpur  which has been designed and successfully operated. Another  bamboo chipping  project and a tapioca starch project are proposed to be set up in the interior areas of the State. The task force of the Central Government has recommended setting up 2 nucleus plants in the zero industrial district of Meghalaya based on the industrial policy of the Government of India.

    The three district industries centres functioning at Tura, Shillong and Jowai cater to the needs of the small scale entrepreneurs, assist in selection of viable projects, arrange finances for them and render other promotional activities. For the village industries, the Government  continue to assist the  Meghalaya Khadi and Village Industries board. Training of local artisans for development of tiny and village industries is also being continued.

    Government  also propose to set up a State Council for Science and Technology in 1983-84. This Council will go into the various needs  in  research and development of the natural resources of the State. Special attention is also being given for manpower development for the various schemes undertaken by the department.

20. At present, it is estimated that about 23,000 persons are gainfully employed in the sericulture and handloom industries mostly in rural areas. In 1983-84 the proposed outlay for sericulture and weaving under the State plan is Rs.39 lakhs in addition to a sum of Rs.6.5 lakhs under the border area development  programme. Under the intensive handloom development project, 2,000  looms  in Garo Hills have been identified for modernisation and handloom weavers co-operative  societies selected for re-organisation are provided with necessary inputs to make them more viable. Government will also continue to train  up more technical personnel outside the State to meet  the requirements  of this sector in modernisation of the technique of production.

21. In the  field of mineral development, geological investigations  of determine the extent of various mineral deposits in the State are in progress. Greater  emphasis has been laid on the investigation of coal and limestone deposits of the State. Assistance to the Meghalaya Mineral Development  Corporation is also being continued. The department will carry out detailed exploration of high grade limestone in Jaintia Hills for the proposed lime plant financed by the  N.E.C. The approved plan outlay for this sector in 1983-84 is Rs.28 lakhs.

Transport and Communications

22. Road transport is the only mode of transport in our State and is vital for the general public and also for execution of developmental activities. Substantial outlays have, therefore, been earmarked  for improvement of road network in the State. By the end of March 1983, it is expected that a road density of 22 km. per 100 will be achieved which  is still well below the national average which is 41 km. per 100 As such investment on road  construction will  continue to receive priority in the succeeding years also. 46  schemes for road construction in the border areas have been taken up during the year.

    The State  Government's proposals  for ropeway projects  in Meghalaya are under consideration of the North Eastern Council. For the construction of an airfield in Garo Hills, a suitable site near Tura has been selected and approved by the Government  of India. Steps are being taken for acquisition of land at the selected site. The State  Government have been able to impress upon the Government of India the need for adequate postal and tele-communication services in the State and recently the Posts and Telegraphs Department has commissioned  telephone exchange at Dawki, Nangalbibra and Rongram.

     It has been a matter  for satisfaction that on account of the vigorous efforts made by the State Government as also by the other north eastern States and the Chairman  of the N.E.C.  the Asian games could be viewed through television by our sports-loving people. It is hoped  that this facility will be augmented further.

23.  The number of vehicles of the Meghalaya Transport Corporation  has  gone up considerably. The frequency of daily bus services between Shillong and Gauhati and between Shillong  and Jowai has been increased. The construction of the central work-shop of the Corporation at Nongthymmai, as also the station building at Police Bazar is progressing well.

24. In the field of tourism, construction of a tourist lodge at Tura is nearing completion. Steps are being taken to set up a Tourist Complex and a  Youth Hostel at Shillong. The department  is taking action to improve tourist transport facilities and three new buses will be added to the existing fleet. The Indian Tourism Development Corporation is continuing its services for improvement of Hotel Pinewood Ashok. 

Social and Community Services

25. Education sector continues to receive high priority in our development strategy and in the allocation of plan funds. Under the programme for universalisation of elementary education, steps have been taken to  extend  more facilities and enroll more children between the age-groups of 6-14 years in primary and middle schools. Dropouts at primary and middle school level are being helped to  complete their studies. In the current year, 15  middle schools and 5 high schools have been included under the deficit system. Science education  programme assisted by UNICEF/NCERT  is being  extended to cover more schools and assistance is being  given for procuring science  kits and text books. To solve the shortage of science teachers, stipends are being given  to tribal students for prosecuting higher studies in science. Teacher education  programme particularly in-service training has been given emphasis so as to clear the backlog in respect of trained teachers. Coaching classes for under-qualified teachers are also being continued  by the department. The changeover to three year degree course as per  the national education pattern  from 1982-83 session  by the North Eastern Hill University  envisages restructuring of syllabi and curriculum both at the pre-university and degree stages. This will call for more assistance to the colleges. To combat illiteracy, the adult education programme is being  vigorously  implemented. During the current year, about 1,500 centres have been opened and in 1983-84, more such centres will be  started. The work of compiling the Khasi Hills District Gazetteer has just been completed. It is proposed to start compilation of the District Gazetteers  for Garo Hills and Jaintia Hills.

     The construction of a regional hostel at Shillong  financed by the North Eastern Council is nearing completion. It will  provide hostel accommodation to 400 undergraduate students, of whom 140 will be students from Meghalaya.

26. The Health Department is committed to attain the goal of health-for-all  by the year 2000 A.D. The department has been laying stress on preventive and promotional services and has adopted primary health care approach to fulfil this commitment. At present, there are 119 primary health care sub-centres and in the next financial  year, 32  new sub-centres will be taken up. The Engineering Wing of the department has helped in accelerating the pace of construction of buildings in the rural areas.

     The Civil Hospitals at Tura  and Shillong are being expanded. The renovation and expansion of the Pasteur Institute at Shillong taken up under the North Eastern Council Scheme is also making rapid progress. The department is continuing the various schemes started in previous years like T.B. and V.D. clinics,  homoeopathic  dispensaries, mobile units, drug control, food control, health education, school health services and training  of nurses. Training programmes in various fields of medicine and pharmacy also continue to receive the attention of the department. Government of India have  recently agreed to establish a Regional Institute of Medical Science at Shillong and work in this regard is expected to commence in 1983-84.

27. The Public Health Engineering Department has completed a number of rural and urban water supply schemes. Sohra, Madanryting, Pynthorumkhrah, Jowai Phase I and Tura Phase I are schemes  completed in the urban areas. A total population of 2.06 lakhs was covered  in 535 problem villages under rural water supply schemes. By the end of the current year, another 205 problem villages are expected to be covered. A number of schemes has also been taken up in the border areas. During this International Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (1981-91). The department is committed to provide safe and potable water supply to all  the problem villages in the State identified  in the 1971 census. As regards  the Greater Shillong  Water Supply scheme, the progress is somewhat slow in view of the delay in release of funds by the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

28. The tendency of the rural people to migrate to the main urban centres has to be counteracted by  providing basic amenities of  life to suburban areas and villages in the proximity of towns. The Town  and Country Planning Department  has taken up  schemes envisaging provision of basic infrastructure and services like footpaths, roads, improvement of bazars, parks and environmental sanitation. The department has already prepared  development plans  for Shillong, Williamnagar, Nongpoh and Mairang. The centrally sponsored scheme for integrated development of small and medium towns is proposed to be implemented during the year 1983-84.

       Under the housing programme, the department is giving loans to help people to construct own houses. The plan outlay for 1983-84 in this sector is Rs.32 lakhs which also includes provision for acquisition of land for house sites to be allotted to the economically weaker sections. 

29. The  Information and Public Relations Department plays an important role in educating people and involving them in close collaboration with the official agencies in implementation of development programmes of the Government. The department has opened offices in some of the District  and sub divisional headquarters of the State.

30. The National Council of Vocational Trades of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India has approved the affiliation of the Industrial  Training Institute, Tura. A labour welfare centres has started functioning at Sohra.

31. The Social Welfare Department is implementing various programmes in the field of child and women welfare, welfare of the poor, destitute and handicapped  persons. A number  of voluntary organisations  engaged in welfare activities  are being assisted by the Government. During  1983-84, the special nutrition programme implemented in the urban areas will be extended to the integrated  child development service project areas of Umsning, Khliehriat, Chokpot, Resubelpara, Mawkyrwat and Baghmara blocks. It is proposed to cover about 15,000 beneficiaries in the urban  areas and 36,000 in the rural areas under this programme. The department will also continue to give scholarships and grants to physically handicapped persons.

Border Area Development

32. In order to supplement the normal activities of the various departments in border areas, special programmes aimed at the rehabilitation of the economy of such areas are being implemented. The main thrust of these programmes is to develop road communications and to provide alternative outlets for the produce  of border areas. Promotion of horticulture. sericulture and weaving, village industries  and also supply of good drinking water to the border villages are other important  aspects of this programme. Special financial assistance is also extended to students hailing from these areas. The MECOFED  has opened a number of agro custom hiring centres and retail  outlets of essential commodities in many focal point centres of border areas. Besides, the Federation is also purchasing the produce of border areas and marketing them. The border area marketing scheme is being intensified.

General Services

33.  The approved plan outlay  for public works is Rs.177 lakhs in 1983-84. Construction of administrative and residential buildings will be taken  up in Shillong as also in other district and sub divisional  headquarters. During the year, six existing administrative units have been upgraded to the level of subdivisions in order  to bring the administration  closer to the people. It is also proposed to take up the construction of an outlay for  Stationery and Printing in 1983-84 is Rs.6 lakhs. The Government Press  at Shillong is being modernised. Construction of  a new building at Shillong will commence soon. A branch Press at Tura has been opened.

District Councils 

34.  Government will continue to assist the District Councils in the implementation of their  development schemes and also for the construction of buildings. The outlay for 1983-84 under this sector is Rs.30 lakhs under plan.

Local Bodies

35. The State Government extend financial assistance to local bodies for improving basic  amenities  in the urban areas. There is a plan outlay of Rs.10 lakhs in 1983-84 meant for development activities  of municipalities like provision of housing for low paid employees.


36. The Revenue Department is continuing cadastral survey to prepare the basic record of land holdings in certain selected villages of the State in Cooperation with the concerned District  Councils. The detailed survey work and preparation of the record  of rights are now being taken up. The approved plan outlay for 1983-84 is Rs.38 lakhs. The department is actively pursuing the question of settlement of inter-State boundary  in Jinjiram River taken up last year is expected  to be completed in this field season. Along the international border with Bangladesh, relay work on the position of  some of the missing  pillars is in progress and damaged pillars are being repaired.

Civil Supplies

37. It has been the constant endeavour of the State Government to ensure that essential commodities in the State are made available  at reasonable prices. In the light of the situation prevailing in the neighboring States, it has become all the more necessary to continue this approach which  has taken on an added significance. The system of monitoring stock and prices of commodities by the State  Government has helped in maintaining the price line. The supply position of foodgrains and other essential commodities is satisfactory. Under the border area transport subsidy scheme, essential commodities in many places of the border areas are being made available at fair prices. The existing machinery of the public distribution system is also being strengthened and expanded. The State  Government  have requested  the Indian Oil Corporation  to construct a central oil depot in Meghalaya in order to ensure continuous supply of fuel oil.


38. The Directorate of Economics and Statistics, is continuing its work on agricultural  statistics and collection of wholesale and retail price statistics. the report on the family budget survey of Meghalaya Government employees, 1978 was brought out and released in 1982. Preparation of the summary tables of the 1980 economic census has been completed and sent to the Computer Centre, Department of Statistics, New Delhi for further  action. Field work of the National Sample Survey 37th round was completed in the month of December 1982. Training was imparted to the field  staff  for the 38th Round National Sample Survey concerning the subjects of consumer expenditure, employment and unemployment and the field work commenced from January 1983. A draft design for an evaluation study on control of shifting cultivation has been prepared and forwarded to the Planning Commission for their comments and suggestions.

Police and Home Guards

39. Law and order situation for the year 1982-83 has remind satisfactory on account of strict vigilance and timely action taken by the Government against anti-social elements. The morale of the police force in the State is high. The Government  are anxious that policemen especially in the lower formations should be assured of housing accommodation. The State plan outlay for 1983-84 for police housing has been fixed at Rs.150 lakhs.  Under the scheme for modernisation of the State police  force, plans have been finalised by the department to make police force more mobile and to provide wireless net-work for effective communications. In 1982-83, the police investigation centre  at Mairang has been upgraded to a police station. It is  proposed  to provide the new  sub divisional headquarters with police stations.

The services of Home Guards are being utilised in assisting the police in the maintenance of law and order and in static duties. A number of training courses in civil defence were conducted by the Central Training Institute  and during the year, 400 volunteers were  trained in rescue service and fire fighting, at the three civil defence towns of Shillong, Jowai and Tura.1,100 Home Guards volunteers were also given basic training in these three centres during the year.

In order to check infiltration of foreign nationals into the State, vigilance on the international border has been strengthened and the Government  of India  have deployed an additional  battalion of Border Security Force. Six additional check-posts have been opened during the year 1982 on the highways linking international border with Bangladesh. I would appeal to all citizens in the State to extend their co-operation and support to the Government in the discharge of this responsibility.

Jail Administration

40. The State Government have taken steps to frame a new jail manual on the  lines of the suggestions advanced by the working group committee on jail reforms and the guidelines issued by the Government of India. In order to relieve congestion in the existing jails, new prisons are being constructed in some of the district headquarters.

Judicial Administration

41. A State legal aid scheme for the poor was inaugurated on 27th October, 1982 at Shillong by the Union Law Minister with the objective that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disability.


42. The general elections to the 60 Member Meghalaya Legislative Assembly as also elections to the Shillong Parliamentary Constituency were conducted in a free and fair atmosphere. The people of the State have demonstrated  once again their  faith in the democratic process by which they  can periodically choose their representatives and turned up in large numbers to exercise their franchise. The turn-out of the electorate has been heavy in all the constituencies and well over 70 percent of the electorate in the State cast their votes. Additional precautionary measures were taken in certain sensitive polling stations, particularly those close to the Assam border. The scheme of photographed identity cards has been implemented  in some of the constituencies and the impact of the scheme is being assessed as directed by the Election Commission.

Pay Revision Cell

43. So far eight installments  of dearness allowance have been released to Government employees on the basis of the formula recommended by the Meghalaya Pay Commission. The official committee to consider the anomalies in pay revision  has examined a large number of representations received from various departments and in a number of cases, the recommendations of the committee have been accepted and implemented by the Government.

State Lottery

44.  The Meghalaya State lottery was introduced with effect from July 1982. The profits accruing from lottery for the current year are being utilised for development of sports in the State.

45. Before I deal with the Budget estimates for 1983-84, I would like to give a brief account of the actuals for 1981-82 and the revised estimates for 1982-83.

Actuals 1981-82

46. the year 1981-82 opened with a negative cash balance of Rs.604.43 lakhs. There was a total receipt of Rs.47,913.97 lakhs and a total expenditure of Rs.47,943.51 lakhs under all accounts resulting in a deficit of Rs.29.54 lakhs.  Thus, the negative opening cash balance of Rs.604.43 lakhs increased to Rs.633.97 lakhs at the close of the year. The total receipts mentioned above also include Rs.1,060.70 lakhs as ways and means advance and overdraft from the Reserve Bank of India which remained outstanding on the 31st March, 1982. In other words, the year 1981-82 closed with a deficit of Rs.1,694.97 lakhs.

Revised Estimates 1982-83

47. According to the revised estimates for 10982-83, receipts and expenditure, under all accounts  are Rs.51,792.07  and Rs.51,161.58 lakhs respectively. The receipts include a sum of Rs.1,641 lakhs which is a medium-term loan from the Government of India to wipe off the overdraft with the Reserve Bank of India as existing on 31st March, 1982. There is, thus, likely to be a surplus of Rs.630.49 lakhs which will reduce the negative opening cash balance of Rs.633.97 lakhs to only Rs.3,48 lakhs at the close of the year.

Budget Estimates 1983-84

48. The  year 1983-84 has been estimated to open with a negative  cash balance of Rs.3.48 lakhs. The receipts of revenue account and expenditure from revenue have been estimated at Rs.12,315.27 lakhs and Rs.9,937.26 lakhs respectively. There will, thus, be a surplus  of Rs.2,378.01 lakhs on revenue account.

Outside the revenue account, the total estimated receipts and expenditure are Rs.41,313.96 lakhs and Rs.43,789.43 lakhs respectively resulting in a deficit of Rs.2,475.47  lakhs. The revenue surplus of Rs.2,378.01 lakhs will be wiped off and there will be an overall deficit of Rs.97.46 lakhs. This will have the effect of increasing the opening deficit of Rs.3.48 lakhs to Rs.100.94 lakhs at the close of the year without taking into account the expected yield form additional resource mobilisation.

Additional Resource Mobilisation

49. In order to reduce the deficit and  to fulfill the target of additional resource mobilisation committed to the Planning Commission, I propose to levy a tax of three paise per rupee on the sale of wheat products under the Meghalaya Sales Tax Act. This measure is expected to yield  Rupees Twenty  lakhs per annum. This will not affect the small dealers, whose annual  turnover does not exceed Rs.12,000.

The resource position will be continuously monitored by the Government and efforts  will be made to close the year 1983-84 without deficit. 

50. During the last 11 years  after attainment of statehood,  Meghalaya has made impressive progress in various fields. We shall soon be self-sufficient in foodgrains. The coverage under minor irrigation is now about 31,000 hectares as compared to 6,700  hectares in  1971-72. The area under fertilizers has  more than doubled during the last four years. The agricultural practices are being modernised and  shifting cultivation is  being  controlled. The total road length in the State has increased from 3,091 kms. at the end of the Fourth Plan to 4,856 kms. in 1981-82, showing an annual growth rate of about 7 percent. An important power project in Kyrdemkulai has been commissioned. The number of schools and primary health centres has increased substantially 535 villages have been covered under the rural  water supply scheme by the end of 1981-82. The number of villages electrified at present is about 1,000. Effective steps have been taken for rehabilitation of the economy of border areas. We have also made considerable progress in the extension of basic amenities of life and provision of minimum needs to the people. We have succeeded in developing the infrastructure to a large  extent, even though much remains to be done. We have encouraged sports and games and our youth have to their credit outstanding performances in the field of sports at the national level. Our State has remained an island of peace surrounded by an ocean  of turbulence. Our legislature has been  hailed  as a model to be emulated by other States. We can justly be proud of our achievements which  redound greatly to the credit of our society.

At the same time, it is only right and proper that we take stock of our problems and difficulties and adopt effective steps to rectify deficiencies. We  have still a long way to go before we fully realise our objectives. Statehood  marking the fulfillment of the political aspirations of our people is meaningful only when it ushers in an era of economic prosperity. We are committed that every citizen in our State should be assured of a fruitful and productive life. The tribal boys and girls should be equipped so that they can be actively involved in the developmental process and in the execution of projects and schemes. While we are committed to preserve and promote the distinct identity, culture and language of the Scheduled tribes, we are also anxious that all sections of the people in the State should get just and fair treatment. The task ahead is challenging and calls for dedication, unity and discipline. While sincere service by the official machinery is important for successful implementation of the polices and programmes of the Government, the non-official leadership also has a significant role to play  in the betterment  of our State. I appeal to all Hon'ble Members  to discharge well their onerous responsibility of educating and motivating the people so that all of us join together in building a strong, prosperous and self-reliant Meghalaya- the Meghalaya of our dreams.

51.  With these words, I commend the budget for  1983-84 for consideration and acceptance of the House. I propose to move the House, in the first instance for voting advance grants and for sanctioning advance appropriations to enable the Government to defray expenses for part of the next financial year, pending detailed discussions on the Budget proposals.




Rupees in Lakhs
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1982-83 1983-84
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-)3,45.61 (-)6,04.43 20.50 (-)6,33.97 (-)3.48
Revenue Receipt 89,93.07 82,36.94 1,02,81.75 1,07,35.16 1,23,15.27
Capital Receipt under the Consolidated Fund 6,71.44 52,61.52 39,22.39 57,60.95 37,32.85
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 1,51.63 1,22.05 2,05.00 1,47.90 1,75.00
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 4,32,45.41 3,42,93.46 4,01,48.24 3,51,48.06 3,74,06.11
TOTAL RECEIPT 5,30,61.55 4,79,13.97 5,45,57.88  5,17,92.07 5,36,29.23
GRAND TOTAL 5,27,15.94 4,73,09.54 5,45,77.88 5,17,58.10 5,36,25.75
Revenue Expenditure 59,82.38 74,28.13 81,51.38 85,86.56 99,37.26
Capital Expenditure under Consolidated Fund.    42,11.83 62,28.77 61,63.85 72,98.88 62,78.32
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 1,24.95 1,22.05 2,05.00 1,47.90 1,75.00
Capital Expenditure under Public Account 4,30,01.21 3,41,64.56 4,00,83.24 3,51,28.24 3,73,36.11
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 5,33,20.37 4,79,43.51 5,46,08.47 5,11,61.58 5,37,26.69
Closing Balance (-)6,04.43 (-)6,33.97 (-)30.59 (-)3.48 (-)1,00.94
GRAND TOTAL 5,27,15.94 4,73,09.54 5,45,77.88 5,17,58.10 5,36,25.75
(a) On Revenue Account (+)30,10.69 (+)8,08.81 (+)21,30.37 (+)21,48.60 (+)23,78.01
(b) Outside Revenue Account (-)32,69.51 (-)8,38.35 (-)21,81.46 (-)15,18.11 (-)24,75.47
(c) All Accounts   excluding the opening and closing   Balances.  (-)2,58.82 (-)29.54 (-)51.09 (+)6,30.49 (-)97.46

Notes :-  (+) Indicates surplus and (-) indicates deficit.