Government of Meghalaya
Budget Speech

1987 88


Shri D. Dethwelson Lapang

Finance Minister, Meghalaya

25th March, 1987



Mr. Speaker, Sir,

        I rise to present the Annual Financial Statement for the year.


2.    There has been satisfactory improvement in the national economy. Despite a poor monsoon, the growth in Gross National product in 1986-87 is likely to reach 5 percent which is close to the 7th Plan target. The industrial growth rate is increasing and the inflation is under control. The over-all food-grain production is likely to be over 151 million tonnes which is higher than last year. Stock of food-grains remained at a higher level of 23.6 million tonnes (December, 1986) which is a reflection  of the longer term growth in food-grains production and the self-sufficiency achieved in this sector. According to the tentative information, industrial production  has indicated a growth of around 7 to 8 percent during April to October, 1986.

3.    Though the whole-sale price index has shown a moderate increase of around 6.5 percent, the consumer prices have registered a higher increase.


4.    Due largely to improved production in the agricultural sector the State Domestic Product at current prices during the year is expected to register a growth of 8 percent over the previous year. Agriculture sector has maintained a steady growth , though not of large order, over the last few years. Production of food-grains during 1985-86 was of the order of 1.70 lakh tonnes. Despite adverse weather conditions, the current  year's production is likely to be of the level of the last year. Production of potato, the most important crop next to paddy, is likely to remain at the level of the last year. The production of cotton and jute, on the other hand, is likely to show a decline due to unfavourable weather condition. The mineral sector reveals an encouraging picture. Production of coal increased from 9.1 lakhs tonnes in 1985 to 10.3 lakh tonnes from January to November,1986. During the first 11 months of 1986 limestone production stood at 3.56 lakh tonnes as against 2.36 lakh tonnes in 1985. Generation  of electricity is likely to be lower than the actual generation during the previous year. However, the power supply position in the state remained by and large satisfactory.

5.    The price behaviour in Meghalaya during the current year has been a matter of concern. The annual average whole-sale price of rice increased by 3.5 percent, masoor dal by 9 percent, sugar by 8 percent , mustard oil by 7 percent, onion by 6 percent and potato by 61 percent. The retail price of these commodities also show more or less proportionate increase with the whole-sale  prices. There has been rise in the prices of some of the protective food items like fish, mutton and beef which recorded an increase between 8 and 14 percent.

6.    The employment situation in the State continued to be unsatisfactory.


7.    In consultation with the  Controller General of Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor General of India and the Planning Commission, the Government of India decided in terms of Article 150  of the Constitution to revise the existing accounting structure of the Government of India and the State with effect from 1st April ,1987. In the new classification, while the broad structure  of accounts, namely, Sectors,  Sub-Sectors, Major Heads, Minor Heads, etc., continue to remain as before, certain new Sub-Sectors have been introduced and a few Major Heads have been raised to the level of Sub-Sectors and Minor Heads to the level of Major Heads because of their importance. The code numbers allotted to the Major Heads have now been changed from 3 digits to 4 digits to provide room for accommodating new programmes as and when they are evolved. This system is intended  also to help the Governments, when they develop a computer based financial information system using accounts figures. Accordingly, the State Government has to revise the accounting classification in the budget estimates for the year 1987-88.


8.    The year 1987-88 will be the third year of the Seventh Plan period. The size of Annual Plan for 1987-88 has been fixed at Rs.110 crores after discussions at various levels of the Planning Commission in the early part of 1987. This represents an increase of Rs.19 crores or about 21 percent over the State Plan outlay of Rs.91.crores in 1986-87.

9.    The Plan priorities for the next year are (a) development of infrastructure; (b) provision of social and community services with added emphasis on development of human resources particularly in the field of education and provision of basic minimum needs to the people; (c) emphasis on agriculture and allied activities to raise the economy of the State ; and (d) employment generation and improvement of income levels of the poor through I.R.D.P., N.R.E.P. and such other poverty alleviation schemes. The programmes for development of the economy of the areas of the State bordering Bangladesh, control of shifting  agriculture and construction of residential and administrative buildings in the district and subdivisional headquarters will also be continued. Stress will also be given to the completion of the on-going hydel project.

10.    The fulfilment of the development objectives will naturally call for maximum efforts of the administration and co-operation of all sections of the people. Various measures have been taken and are being continued with a view to ensuring successful implementation of the plan programmes. Periodic reviews are undertaken at the State and District levels to ensure smooth progress in the execution of programmes. The newly constituted District Planning and Development Councils have been involved in the formulation of District Level Plans. It is expected that performance of the State under the Plan would further improve in future. The sectoral allocation of the Annual Plan has been indicated in Annexure I.


11.    The State Government  are keenly aware of the importance of the 20-Point Programme which is a "blue print for social and economic transformation of the country". Special attention is given in the matter of implementation of this programme relevant to Meghalaya. The over-all performance in the last year improved in comparison to previous years. During the current year targets fixed against some of the points have already been achieved.

12.    A new 20-  Point Programme has been announced in the current year which will be effective from the next year. The targets under different points relevant to Meghalaya are in the process of finalisation in consultation with the Government of India.


13.    There has been very encouraging response of the people to the programme taken up by the Science and Technology Cell,  particularly in areas of fuel efficient Chulas, drinking water water supply and rural sanitation. A meeting of the State Council for Science  and Technology and Environment was held during the current year. The Cell is being expanded to undertake more activities relevant to the specific problems of the State.

14.    As in the preceding years, a copy of the supplement to the budget speech has been circulated, which brings out in detail a review of the implementation of the development schemes and programmes for 1986-87. I may, however, highlight some of the major aspects in this regard.


15.    In the agriculture sector the objectives are to increase production of food grains, horticulture and cash crops to assure better incomes to the farmers. The target of food grains production of 212  thousand tonnes in the coming year will be achieved by increasing coverage under high yielding and improved varieties of seeds, providing better irrigation facilities and other vital inputs like fertilizers and plant protection measures even though the production this year is likely to fall  short of the target due to drought, floods and continuous rains. Maize cultivation will be extended in rainfed conditions. Pulses will be popularised through demonstration and minikit programme. Development of spices  and other cash crops will be taken up by providing good quality seeds at subsidised rates. Two seed farms are proposed to be established. Steps are also being taken to establish regulated markets at Shillong, Tura and Jowai to provide better marketing facilities to the farmers.

16.    Efforts will be made to intensify cultivation of tea and mushroom besides horticulture crops, such as pineapple, bananas, citrus, peach, plum, etc. Existing fruits processing centres are also proposed to be modernised.

17.    For development of agriculture in border areas loans-cum-subsidy scheme for supply of power tiller to the farmers will be continued.


18.    Meghalaya with its congenial geophysical condition and bracing climate provides great scope for livestock and dairy development. The strategy  for animal husbandry development programme is to introduction of improved breeding stock of cattle, pig and poultry; to provide better health  cover  facilities in order to reduce losses due to morbidity  and mortality; and to develop trained man-power  for technical guidance and health cover. Under Intensive Cattle Development Project at Shillong and Tura, Cross -breeding by means of artificial  insemination will be intensified. In the Regional Poultry Breeding Farm at Kyrdemkulai, the old parent stock is being replaced by new breed for higher egg production. Distribution of small poultry units will also be taken up to make the poultry  development scheme farmers' oriented. Construction of a Central Pig Breeding Farm was started at Kyrdemkulai in 1986-87 with the help of the NEC and it is expected to be completed in 1987-88. The Department will continue to sponsor students and trainees in different courses to meet the requirement of technical man-power. Under dairy development programme  efforts will continue to provide infrastructural facilities for scientific procurement, processing and distribution of milk to ensure supply of quality milk to consumers and also to provide incentive to the farmers to take up dairy farming profitably.


19.    The principal objective of Soil Conservation Programme is to prevent misuse of land resource, discourage faulty agriculture practices and control erosion for enrichment of the Soil. There are three main soil and water conservation programmes, namely, the soil conservation measures in general watershed management programme. The above programmes include land development  for permanent cultivation; providing irrigation to develop lands; afforestation works to give protection to barren jhum lands and important catchment areas; fodder and pasture development works to control unplanned and exhaustive grazing; development  of plantation cash crops and horticultural crops to provide  alternative economical livelihood to jhumias. The soil conservation measures will include protection of existing agricultural lands from accelerated soil erosion and protection from river bank erosion.


20.    Forest plays a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance and in checking soil erosion and preserving its richness and fertility. Wanton destruction of forest wealth have created an alarming  situation and to remedy it, the State Government  have embarked upon  a massive afforestation programme under State Plan, centrally sponsored and central sector schemes and also by enforcing  some regulatory measures. A total area of 5400 hectares has been brought under plantation during 1986-87 while over 12,000 hectares will be brought under plantation cover in 1987-88. The work  in the Umiam catchment area is proposed to be started in the coming planting season. The target of distribution of seedlings  to interested growers under the 20 Points Programme has been achieved. The Government have taken over possession of about 50 sq. Kms. of land at the Nokrek-Tura ridge for a proposed National Park. A National Park at Balpakram has been established.


21.    Despite considerable potential, development of fisheries is yet to pick-up the required momentum. Various schemes under this Department are aimed at obtaining large scale production of seeds; disseminating and popularising measures for pisciculture protection and conservation of fisheries; and developing paddy-cum-fish culture.


22.    Community Development Programme continue to received close attention of the Government in accelerating the over-all  development of the people in the rural areas for improving their economy. Integrated Rural  Development, National rural Employment and Landless Employment Guarantee Programmes  and special programme for assistance to small and marginal farmers will be continued and further intensified for the year 1987-88.


23.    Co-operative  movements in the State is making steady progress. There has been some improvement in the issue of short term loans and recovery of overdue by the Meghalaya Co-operative Apex Bank Limited. The operational efficiently and service ability of its 23 branches in the matter of credit dispensation and deposit mobilisation have improved. The National Co-operative Development Corporation Scheme of Integrated Co-operative Development Project in East Khasi Hills for development of primary agricultural  Co-operative  Societies during 1987-88 will be implemented. Implementation of crop insurance scheme is proposed to be started from the coming Kharif season.

24.    The Meghalaya State Co-operative Marketing and Consumers Federation (MECOFED) has been handling marketing of cash crop1  like jute, and to some extent, cotton in collaboration with the Jute  Corporation of India and Cotton Corporation of India. Steps have been initiated by the  Federation for tie-up arrangement with  National Agricultural Co-operative Marketing  Federation and other National and Regional Co-operative Organisations for procurement and marketing of agriculture and forest produce.


25.    The work on the Umiam-Umtru Stage IV  Hydro Electric Project with an installed capacity of 2 X30 Megawatts and on the 132 Kilovolts Rongkhon Sub-station is still in progress. The project report on Myntdu (Leishka) hydro electric project is under preparation. Investigations for other minor and micro hydel projects like Nawaldare and Ganol are in progress. Regarding the programmes under rural electrification the Government have decided to subsidies. An Energy Development Agency is also proposed to be set up in the coming year for identifying and meeting the basic energy needs of the rural population by tapping non-conventional sources of energy. A committee has been set up by the Central Government to go into the details in respect of Garo Hills Thermal Project. 


26.    The activities of the Industries Department are to motivate entrepreneurs to set up industries in the small scale sector particularly  in the rural areas. These cover training programme, assistance in procurement of scarce and Controlled raw materials  and grants-in-aid to trainees who successfully complete the course for generation of self employment. Assistance will continue to be given to the Khadi and Village Industries and also to the Meghalaya Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation.

27.    The Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation will continue its efforts to develop industries in the State. Investigation  on coal and limestone deposits has been done and preliminary steps  take for setting up a cement plant at Siju. The Tantalum capacitor  project  at Barapani is progressing and the unit is expected to go into trial production by 1987-88. Lime burning units in the small sector is being encouraged  to meet the increasing demands for burnt lime. Efforts for setting up a clay washery unit in Garo Hills are continuing.


28.    Sericulture  and handloom weaving in Meghalaya play an important role in uplifting the rural economy and providing gainful  employment to thousands of people. Need-based and employment oriented schemes have been taken up in providing the necessary infrastructure in this field. 100 hectares of additional plantation has been taken up during the current year for mulberry tree plantation. The muga farm and centres in the State are at present being developed by the Central Silk Board. The State has also taken up establishment  of two muga nurseries. The existing programmes including training  of weavers for stepping up production of handloom fabrics will continue. In addition, 3 central sector schemes - (1) Modernisation of handlooms, (2) construction of work-sheds and (3) rebate  on the sale of handloom products are proposed to be taken up. Training of more technical personnel will be taken up in the coming year with Meghalaya Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation as the implementing agency.


29.    Mining and Geology Department will continue to investigate various mineral prospects covering limestone, coal, kaolin and plastic clay in the State. The Department also propose to take necessary steps for the purpose of departmental collection of royalty on coal. A ground water and engineering cell  is expected to be set up during 1987-88.


30.    The Government are paying special attention to the development of tourism in the State. The ground and the first floor of the Shillong Tourist Bungalow is completed and has been commissioned. The tourist Lodge at Tura is going to be opened during the year 1987 and the construction of the drive-in restaurant at Nongpoh is in progress. Water sports facilities at Umiam are being started soon and the work on construction of a 3 star hotel at Shillong has commenced.


31.    Human resources development and removal of illiteracy are the twin objectives of the State in the field of education. It is proposed to open primary schools to school-less villages at the relaxed  population norm. Equal emphasis is also being given for retention  of children to avoid wastage and stagnation and for providing non-formal educational facilities to school dropouts. Steps have also been taken to appoint 300 additional teachers and construct 452 primary school buildings during 1987-88. It is proposed to enroll an additional 0.15 lakhs children in full time courses during the next year at the Elementary School stage. A scheme has also been implemented to provide hostel facilities in selective middle-schools which are centrally located to accommodate children from neighboring non-viable small villages ; to start with, 5 schools one in each District, have been selected to act as inter village schools.

32.    Three Novodaya Vidyalayas have been set up, one each at Baghmara, Williamnagar, and Niangbari in the current year. It is proposed to establish two more such Vidyalayas, one in Jainita Hills and the other in West Khasi Hills during 1987-88.

33.    In the sphere of technical education, along with consolidation of facilities in Shillong Polytechnic, courses in new subjects like computer application and electronics have been opened. A good number of students were sponsored for engineering courses management studies and computer application. A scheme for setting up of District Vocational Centres is under preparation. A start has also been made in the field of education for the handicapped.

34.    To channelise youth activities it is proposed to increase N.S.S. strength from 2400 to 4000 by enrolment of more college students; similarly, Scout and Guide activities are being strengthened by covering more boys and girls.


35.    The Directorate of Sports and Youth Welfare, which came into existence on March, 1985 is now fully operational, greater emphasis is being given to the development of Sports infrastructure not only in the State and district headquarters but also in the rural areas. Government of India have approved in principle assistance to the tune of Rs.76.25 lakhs and have sanctioned Rs.38.13 lakhs as 1st installment for construction of sports complex and other allied activities. The Government have also taken steps to identify and nature sports potential from amongst the youth of the State. State teams comprising various age groups  have been sponsored to participate in National Competitions. The State has also hosted a number of National and Regional Competitions. We are all proud of Smti. Matsiewdor War, who represented our country at Seoul Asiad. A youth Hostel has been constructed at Shillong and the work has already started on another  one at Tura with central assistance.  Schemes have been taken up to promote our rich cultural heritage and traditions. Our cultural troupe participated in various festivals to project tribal culture and to promote national integration. We have initiated a scheme to provide subsidy to deserving authors.


36.    With the goal of achieving health for all by the year 2000 AD the Department has been geared up to expand health care facilities throughout the State. In the coming year 6 Primary Health Centres, 2 Community Health Centres and 50 Sub-centres will be completed. The primary health care service which is now being catered from 38 primary health centres, 3 community health centres, 44 Dispensaries and 264 Sub-centres is proposed to be expanded to 65 primary  health centres, 11 community  health centres and 447 Sub-centres by the end  of 7th Five Year Plan. Existing dispensaries and selected sub-centres will be upgraded to primary health centres. The construction of the 100 bedded  hospital at Tura, TB Centre at Lamin, temporary hospitalization ward for leprosy patients at Umden and Cobalt therapy unit at Civil Hospital Shillong are in progress and construction of a food  and drug laboratory at Pasteur Institute and an  Orthopedic traumatology centre attached to Civil Hospital Shillong is being  taken up. Programmes like drug control, food control, health education, school health services, malaria eradication programme, education and training centres for leprosy patients and visual improvement and control of blindness will be continued.

37.    A salt iodisation plant is also proposed to be set up in the coming year. The Department will continue to sponsor candidates for training in various medical, pharmacist  and nursing courses to meet the shortage of technical manpower in the State.


38.    In addition to the two existing industrial training institutes at Shillong and Tura, another Industrial Training Institute has been established at Jowai. A new trade (radio & T.V.) has been introduced at the Industrial Training Institute Shillong. Another  new trade of plumber is proposed to be introduced in the  Industrial  Training Institute  Tura. An Industrial Training Institute  for women is also proposed to be started  at Shillong. Two new sub-divisional employment exchanges , one at Sohra and the other at Resubelpara and one employment  information and assistance bureau at Mawkyrwat has been started.


39.    The State Government are fully aware of the various problems being faced by the people on the international border and are anxious to ameliorate the economy of these areas by speeding up the pace of development both in setting up infrastructure and in increasing productivity. A new direction to this programme, which has been under implementation for a number of years, will be given in the coming year by selecting and taking up schemes especially relevant for these areas. The normal development activities of the various departments will also continue in addition to these schemes.


40.    Road transport plays a vital role in the economic development of our land locked State. Transport Department have been engaging itself in issuing various  kinds of road permits to meet the  transport needs of the people of the State. The Zonal  Permit system was abolished recently. The National Permit system is being continued and the issuance of permits to the scheduled tribes is being safeguarded. Weighbridges at Mookyniang in Jaintia Hills and at Tura in West Garo Hills will be installed shortly to check plying of overloaded  vehicles. the Department have formulated a scheme for providing assistance to scheduled tribes operators for purchase of transport vehicles. The Meghalaya Transport Corporation is continuing its efforts to effect improvement in its working. The Corporation  is now operating 39 routes covering a distance of 4176 kilometres as against 29 routes covering road length of 2431 kilometres in 1976. The Central Workshop at Demthring is functioning well and it is hoped  that the number of shut down vehicles will be reduced to the minimum in the coming years.


41.    Road network is a very important infrastructure for the socio-economic development of the people in the hilly region like Meghalaya. Hence, the programme for construction and development of road network is receiving a very high priority in the State. By the end of the current year the anticipated road length is likely  to be 5238 kms. and the anticipated road density will be 23.35 kms/100 sq.kms. The outlay for road and bridges for the coming year has been substantially augmented to expand the road network with priority in linking administrative headquarters and strategic areas.

42.    It is proposed to take up the headwork of Rongai valley irrigation project in the coming year. Besides taken up some new medium irrigation schemes the work on the spill-over schemes of the Sixth Plan will continue during the next year.


43.    The programme for the welfare activities of the children, women and physically handicapped in need of care and rehabilitation are being continued. The Integrated Child Development Service Projects will be expanded. Under the Special Nutrition Programme, about 48,800 beneficiaries were covered by 12 projects. Government of India have  sanctioned 4 (four) more projects which will be fully operative in the coming year and with this it is expected to cover about 80,000 beneficiaries during 1987-88. To supplement the programme, the wheat based nutrition's have been introduced in some selected centres as an experiment, which will be expanded during 1987-88, if  found suitable. Grant of scholarships to physically handicapped students, assistance to voluntary organisations engaged in welfare activities of women, children and physically handicapped persons will also continue. The training to physically handicapped in different trades and to women in need of care and protection at centres in Shillong, Jowai and Tura under the direct supervision of the Social  Welfare Department  will continue. This programme will be diversified by training up women trainers in doll, toy and leather bag making trades. The financial assistance to the voluntary organisations which are imparting training in different trades to women and which take care of children, destitute women, aged and infirm will be continued during the year 1987-88.


44.    The Housing Policy of the Government is to provide standard residential houses to the people of the State in both urban and rural areas. During 1986-87, 69 members of Low Income Group and 59 members of Middle Income Group have been granted housing loans. 150 rural families have been provided with Asphalt Sheets for construction of residential house. Low cost houses are proposed to be constructed in the villages of Demthring in Jaintia Hills, Cherangiri in West Garo Hills and Mawkisyiem in East Khasi Hills during 1987-88.Under the Rental Housing Scheme, the construction of 3 unit houses for middle income group and 4 unit houses for economically weaker section at the village of Khimmusiang in Jowai has been completed. Such houses are proposed to be constructed also at Shillong, Tura and Williamnagar for renting out to Government servants. During this year, in observance of the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless, the Housing Department propose to construct "night shelters" at cheap rent for poor people coming to Shillong.


45.    The Public Health Engineering Department has taken up a number of Rural and Urban Water Supply Schemes. The Urban Water Supply Schemes at Jowai, Tura and Shillong (Mawlai) have already been completed. The Phase I of the Greater Shillong Water Supply Scheme is almost complete. The Phase II of the  Tura Water Supply Scheme is in good progress. Under the Rural Water Supply Programme, 1350 problem villages and 225 non-problem villages have been provided with drinking water facilities up to the end of March, 1986. Out of 450 problem and non-problem villages targetted for 1986-87, 74 villages have been provided with drinking water facilities up to the end of December, 1986. The UNICEF has provided two drilling rigs. Several wells have already been drilled both in Shillong and in rural areas to alleviate the scarcity of drinking water. The Department has proposed  to start the Low Cost Sanitation Programme in Shillong, Tura and Jowai and in some villages during 1987-88.

46.    Construction of new jails at Jowai, Williamnagar and Tura is at the final stage of completion. With the fund awarded by the Eighth Finance Commission for upgradation of jail administration in the State, it is proposed to construct a model jail and a jail for lunatic prisoners at Shillong including the staff quarters attached thereto.

47.    In order to upgrade and streamline the jail administration, it is being considered to construct jails at the subdivisional levels as well as to modernise the prisons with emphasis on reforms of the jail administration.


48.    Supply position of essential commodities in the State has generally been satisfactory. A State Consumers' Protection Council has been constituted and steps are being taken to strengthen the consumer movement by involving voluntary social organisations to take part in the programme. More fair price shops have been opened in the rural areas and their total number was 2460 as on 1st October, 1986 as against 1968 on 1st January, 1986. This has ensured that even remote villages have been covered under Integrated Tribal Development  Programme for getting their requirement of essential commodities at concessional rates. It is proposed to introduce family  identity cards in all the subdivisional headquarters and other important villages. It is also proposed to introduce mobile units for supply of essential commodities to some inaccessible areas of the State.


49.    The programme of survey and preparation of land records under the Meghalaya Land Survey and records Preparation Act, 1980 is in progress with the co-operation of the respective District Councils and the public in general. So far 800 villages have been surveyed. The Government also propose to resume Government land and acquire properties leased out to private individuals for public purposes. The functions of the Committee under the chairmanship of Justice Y.C. Chandrachud which was constituted in pursuance of agreement between the Chief Ministers of Assam and Meghalaya to interpret the Constitutional boundary between the two States is continuing.  


50.    The programme in educating the people and inviting them for close collaboration with official agencies in the implementation of various developmental schemes is being continued through the offices in all the Districts and some subdivisions  as well as in the rural Integrated Information Centres. It is proposed to open two new Information and Public Relation Offices at Sub-divisional headquarters during the year 1987-88.


51.    An amount of Rs.55 lakhs has been provided in the budget for financial assistance to the District Councils for implementation of their schemes during  1986-87 and Rs.60 lakhs for 1987-88 has been proposed. The Government has also proposed substantial assistance  as grants to the District Councils under the Scheme for checking trading by non-tribals during 1987-88. The report  of the  Commission set up by the Government  to study all aspects of the District Council Administration is under examination and the decision of the Government on various recommendations will be brought before the House.


52.    Government are keen to see  that both the municipalities in the State provide the basic amenities to the people effectively. While the State Government will continue to provide liberal assistance to the local bodies, they  have to gear up functioning to generate adequate income for their revenue and development expenditure.


53.    The problem of illicit distillation and sale of illicit liquor  are still engaging the attention of the Government. Raids are being intensified to combat the flow of illicit liquor  and sale of illicit  distilled liquor. It is also being considered to rationalise issue of bar licences in consultation with local traditional institutions.


54.    As a measure of affording relief to the State Government employees, Government have substituted the formula for dearness allowance as recommended by the First Meghalaya Pay Commission  by a new formula similar to that of the Central Government. This benefit of Dearness Allowance is also extended to the employees of aided schools and colleges including primary schools to whom revised pay scale 1979 has been extended including the State Government  pensioners and the family pension holders. The Government have also enhance the monthly rate of medical allowance considering the general  increase in the prices leading to erosion of real income. Government have constituted the Second Meghalaya  Pay Commission  under the Chairmanship of Shri R.T. Rymbai, IAS (Retd)  to study the emoluments and service conditions  of the efficiency of the Government agencies and provide  relief to the Government employees.


55. After the General Election of the Lok Sabha held on  December, 1984 only summary revision of electoral rolls with 1st  January, 1985 and 1st January, 1986 as the qualifying dates were undertaken in 1985 and 1986 respectively. The Election Commission has decided to order intensive revision of electoral rolls with reference to 1st January, 1987 as the qualifying date. The process has commenced from 3rd February, 1987 and is scheduled to be completed by 30th June, 1987.


56.    The law and order and crime situation in the State is under control. The peaceful atmosphere has been possible because of the sense of responsibility, goodwill  and co-operation extended by the people and effective steps taken by the Government. The problem of infiltration of foreign nationals is being tackled vigorously. Out  posts and check posts all along the international border and in vulnerable parts of inter-State border have been established. Various village defence parties have also been organised to assist the State Police and B.S.F. in detecting infiltrators as well as to check the border crimes. The strength of the B.S.F. is also being augmented by the Central Government. A sum of Rs.215 lakhs which has been provided during the current year for construction of some residential buildings and barracks under the "Police Housing Scheme"  will be fully utilised. This is being augmented in the coming year. Another sum of Rs.93.85 lakhs granted by the Eighth Finance Commission will also be utilised for the construction of Police Stations, administrative buildings, etc. Besides assisting the B.S.F. and State police, the Home Guards personnel are also being deployed by NEEPCO, MIDC banks and other Government organisations and Departments.

57.    In order to bring  all-round improvement in the performance of police, the State Government have taken steps to modernise its functions. A computer cell has been set up recently which has computerized the finger print data and is in the process of computerizing details of crimes and criminal records. A Forensic Science Laboratory is also being set up; the Director of this laboratory has already assumed  charge of the office. Equipments for visual training aid have recently been added to the Police Training School. The mobility of the police is also being increased to reduce their reaction time. 15 Out posts have been provided with vehicles in the current financial year. A VHF communication link for all police posts in the State is receiving a serious consideration of the Government. More fire fighting equipments are being procured to set up fire stations at strategic points. 7 such stations are being considered for which 8 fire tenders have been purchased in the current year.

58.    A post of Superintendent of Police, City has recently been created for the purpose of further improving the traffic, vice control and and law and order problems in Shillong town.

59.    Sir, before I mention about the budget estimates for the coming year, I would like to give a broad picture of the accounts for 1985-86 and the revised estimates for 1986-87.

ACTUALS 1985-86

60. During 1985-86, receipts and expenditure on all accounts were Rs.103,138.43 lakhs and Rs.1,02,908.86 lakhs respectively, leaving a surplus of Rs.229,57 lakhs. This surplus reduced the negative opening balance of Rs.949.65 lakhs to Rs.720.08  lakhs. However, at the end of the year the State Government had an amount of Rs.2,162.75 lakhs invested in the Government of India treasury bills.


61. The year,1986-87 opened with a negative cash balance of Rs.720.08  lakhs and Rs.2,162.75 lakhs in the form of investment in the Government of India treasury bills. With the encashment of the entire treasury bills the total receipts on all accounts has been estimated at Rs.1,14,906.81  lakhs and the expenditure at Rs.1,13,573.77 lakhs, leaving a surplus of Rs.1,333.04 lakhs. After wiping out  the negative opening balance of the current year, the current year is likely to end with a cash surplus of Rs. 612.96 lakhs.


62.    The year, 1987-88 is expected to open with a cash balance of Rs.612.96 lakhs. During the year, revenue receipts and revenue expenditure have been estimated at Rs.25,301.12 lakhs and Rs.18,516.78 lakhs respectively, leaving  a surplus of Rs.6,784.34 lakhs. Outside the revenue account, estimated receipts and expenditure are Rs.94,119.72 lakhs and Rs.1,01,541.32 lakhs respectively, leaving a deficit of Rs.7,421.60 lakhs which will be substantially reduced by the revenue surplus. Taking all Heads together, the deficit works out to Rs.637.26 lakhs which will be substantially covered by the  estimated opening cash balance of Rs.612.96 lakhs. The uncovered deficit has been worked out to a nominal  amount of Rs.24.30 lakhs. Broad details have been indicated at Annexure-II


63.    Even though the estimated deficit is small, I propose the following measures of additional resource mobilisation which is likely to yield Rs.25 lakhs annually :-

(i) To increase the stake money on arrow shooting from 5 percent to 10 percent and to increase the quarterly licence fee from Rs.100to Rs.150.

(ii) To impose a purchase tax of 10 percent at the last point of purchase of broomstick and tezpatta.

(iii) To increase  marginally the rate of gallonage fee on retail sale of Indian made foreign liquor.

64.    I would like to apprise the House that the Government are considering to bring a legislation to control private lottery and also to levy some fees on them.

65.    Consequent on the recommendation of the Second Meghalaya Pay Commission, the State Government are likely to need additional fund to revise the salary structure of the employees. By economy in non-development expenditure and by improvement in the collection of State revenues and other dues the State  Government propose to generate resources to meet most of the above requirement.

66.    With these words, Sir, I beg to place the budget estimates for 1987-88 before this august House for approval. As, it will not be possible for the House to complete discussions and voting on the budget grants by the 31st March, 1987, I propose that the House may grant a vote-on-account to enable the Government to carry on the activities from the first day of the next financial year.



1986-87 AND 1987-88

(Rs. in Lakhs)
Sector            1986-87 1987-88
1. 2. 3
I. Agriculture and Allied Services -
   Crop Husbandry 312.00 373.00
   Soil and Water Conservation 340.00 340.00
   Animal Husbandry 130.00 150.00
   Dairy Development 20.00 22.00
   Fisheries 41.00 45.00
   Forestry and Wildlife Preservation 566.00


   Food Storage and Warehousing 6.00 7.00
   Agriculture Research and education (only for Agriculture Crop Husbandry) 10.00 15.00
   Investment in Agriculture Financial Institutions        1.00       1.00
   Other Agricultural Programme-
    (a) Marketing and Quality Control 23.00 35.00
    (b) Others 
Co-operation : 120.00 125.00
 TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services 1,569.60 1,753.00
II  Rural Development 
Special Programme for Rural Development
(a) Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 119.90 96.00
(b) Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) 10.00 15.00
(c) Pilot Project for Village Development 10.00 10.00
Rural Employment :-
National Rural Employment Programme (NREP) 40.00 37.00
Land Reforms 35.30 40.00
Community Development and Panchayats 60.00 70.00
TOTAL -II- Rural Development 275.20 268.00
III. Special Area Programme
     Border Area Development Programme 190.00 210.00
     Total - III - Border Area Development 190.00 210.00
IV .Irrigation and Flood Control
     Major and Medium Irrigation  10.00 10.00
      Minor Irrigation 175.00 200.00
      Command Area Development
       Flood Control Projects 20.00 25.00
Total -IV -Irrigation and Flood Control 205.00 235.00
V. Energy -
     Power 2,114.00 2,500.00
     Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE) 11.80 18.00
 Total -V- Energy 2,125.80 2,518.00
VI. Industry and Minerals :-
      Village and Small Industries 58.00 69.00
      Sericulture and Weaving 61.00
      Industries (Other than Village and Small Industries) 307.00 261.00
      Mining  35.00 50.00
Total - VI- Industry and Minerals 400.00 441.00
VII. Transport
        Roads and Bridges 1,150.00 1,500.00
        Road Transport 160.00 252.00
        Other Transport Services ..... ......
 Total - VII-Transport 1,310.00 1,752.00
VIII. Science, Technology and Environment
Scientific Research including  Science and Technology 15.00 15.00
Ecology and Environment 3.00 5.00
Total-VII- Science, Technology and Environment 18.00 20.00
IX. General Economic Services
 Secretariat Economic Services 6.00 7.00
Tourism 45.00 65.00
Survey and Statistics 5.50 6.00
Civil Supplies 11.00 16.00
Weights and Measures 5.00 6.00
Total -IX- General Economic Services 72.50 100.00
Total A-ECONOMIC SERVICES 6166.10 7297.00
X. Education, Sports, Arts and Culture
     General Education 347.00 768.00
     Technical Education 23.50 25.00
     Art and Culture 17.65 25.00
     Sports and Youth Services 35.30 52.00
Sub-Total-X- Education, Sports, Arts and  Culture 423.45 870.00
XI Health :-
     Medical and Public Health 300.00 360.00
      TOTAL - XI Health 300.00 360.00
XII Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development:-
      Water Supply and Sanitation 850.00 950.00
      Housing General 55.00 66.00
      Police Housing 215.00 284.00
      House building Advance 50.00 55.00
     Urban Development 53.00 65.00
TOTAL -XII- Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development. 1223.00 1420.00
XIII. Information and  Publicity
     Information and Publicity 12.00 15.00
     Total - XIII - Information and Publicity 12.00 15.00
XIV.  Welfare of Schedule Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes
Welfare of Schedule Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. 1.00 1.00
Total-XIV-Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other Backward classes 1.00 1.00
XV. Labour and Labour Welfare :-
       (a) Labour  Welfare  3.00 3.30
       (b) Craftsmen Training 5.45 8.00
       (c) Employment Services 5.55 5.70
Total -XV-Labour and Labour Welfare 14.00 17.00
XVI. Social Welfare and Nutrition
          Social Security and Welfare Nutrition 35.00 36.00
          (a) Special Nutrition Programme by Social Welfare Department 40.00 74.30
          (b) Special Nutrition Programme by Community Development Department. 9.00  6.50
          (c) Midday Meal Programme by Education Department 5.00 5.20
Total -XVI- Social Welfare and Nutrition 89.00 122.00
XVII. Other Social Services-
     Aid  to Municipalities 11.00 12.00
Total -XVII - Other  Social Services 11.00 12.00
Total - B- SOCIAL SERVICES 2073.45 2817.00
XVIII General Services :-
     Stationery and Printing 40.00 50.00
     Public Works 250.00 300.00
     Aid to District Councils 55.00 60.00
     Patrolling of National Highways .... ....
     Upgradation of Standard of Administration 515.45 476.00
      Total XVII - General Service 860.45 886.00
TOTAL  - C- GENERAL SERVICES 860.45 886.00
GRAND TOTAL 9,100.00 11,000.00



(Rs. in lakhs)
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 1986-87 1987-88
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-)1,074.22 (-)949.65 (-)7.09 (-)720.08 612.96
Revenue Receipt 14,797.99 18,297.91 21,773.99 22,132.86 25,301.12
Capital under the Consolidated Fund 3,970.53 1,976.69 4,536.80 4,582.59 4,493.76
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 1,384.02 1,123.46 600.00 695.43 600.00
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 62,180.07 81,740.37 62,634.66 87,495.93 89,025.96
TOTAL RECEIPT 82,332.61 103,138.43 89,545.45 114,906.81 119,420.84
GRAND TOTAL 81,258.39 102,188.78 89,538.36 114,186.73 120,033.80
Revenue Expenditure 11,681.53 13,497.46 16,390.68 16,689.85 18,516.78
Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund 6,147.69 5,695.07 10,070.70 9,921.31 10,992.37
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 1,384.02 673.46 600.00 695.43 600.00
Capital Expenditure under the Public Account 62,994.80 83,042.87 62,042.87 86,267.18 89,948.95
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 82,208.04 102,908.86 89,552.04 113,573.77 120,058.10
Closing Balance (-)949.65 (-)720.08 (-)13.68 612.96 24.30
GRAND TOTAL 81,258.39 102,188.78 89,538.36 114,186.73 120,033.80
(a) In Revenue Account (+)3,116.46 (+)4,800.45 (+)5,383.31 (+)5,443.01 (+)6,748.34
(b) Outside Revenue Account (-)2,991.89 (-)4,570.88 (-)5,389.90 (-)4,109.97 (-)7,421.60
(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance (+)124.57 (+)229.57 (-)6.59 (+)1,333.04 (-)637.26

Note :- (+) Indicates surplus and (-) indicates deficit.

DPS (Press Wing (Fin) 37/87 -620-24-03-87.