Mr. Speaker Sir,
I rise to present the Budget estimates for the year 1991-92
NATIONAL ECONOMIC SCHEME
2. The National economy showed a moderate economic recovery during the last year. Crises notwithstanding, the economy of the country registered a sustained rate of growth. A record production of foodgrains in the range of 175.5 million tonnes to 178.5 million tonnes is expected in 1990-91 against 172.7 million tonnes in 1989-90. During 1990-91 Kharif Production is estimated at 101 million tonnes against a target of 95 million tonnes. With favourable weather conditions, the rabi crop may exceed the target of 81.5 million tonnes. Cash crops like jute, cotton, sugarcane, tea and coffee are likely to record an impressive performance except in case of groundnut where, production is likely to face a short fall. Output of oil sees during the year (November 1989 to October 1990) is estimated at 16.8 million tonnes against 16.7 million tonnes in the preceding year.
3. The index of industrial production during the first five months (April to August 1990) indicated a higher growth of 12.4 percent against 3.8 percent in the corresponding period of the preceding year. The manufacturing sector also experienced a significant growth of 14.2 percent during the period. The wholesale price index, as in November 1990 registered an increase of 10.2 percent over the corresponding period of the previous year. The consumer prices have increased sharply inspite of the good monsoons in the past three consecutive years. The inflationary country's trade deficit went up by 40.6 percent over the period of April 1990 to October 1990 notwithstanding the growth rate of exports to 21.2 percent during the corresponding period of 1989-90.
4. There has been a marked increase of bank offices in the country, rising from 8,262 in June 1969 to 59,632 by June 1990, with the aggregate deposit increasing from Rs.1,47,556.52 crores in June 1989 to Rs.1,73,612.80 crores in June 1990, a rise of 17.7 percent. The credit deposit ratio has also increased from 65.46 percent in June 1989 to 66.03 percent in June 1990. The Gross Domestic Product at 1980-81 prices registered a growth rate of 4.5 percent in 1989-90 as against that of 10.4 percent in the preceding year. A real growth rate of 5 percent in Gross Domestic Product is anticipated during the year 1990-91.
MEGHALAYA ECONOMIC SCENE
5. At the State level, despite the hailstorm in the early part of the year causing unprecedented landslides and floods, the economic situation appears to be satisfactory. The State Domestic Product (SDP) at current prices rose from Rs.512.27 crores in 1988-89 to Rs.551.18 crores in 1989-90, showing an increase of about 7.6 percent. Similarly, the per capita income at current prices rose from Rs.3112 in 1988-89 to Rs.3251 in 1989-90, a rise of about 4.5 percent. Food grains production in 1989-90 was 1.51 lakh tonnes as against 1.38 lakh tonnes in the preceding year, an increase of more than 9 percent. Production of potato increased to 1.10 lakh tonnes in 1989-90 as against 0.71 lakhs tonnes in the previous year. Production of rape seed, mustard, mesta, cotton, banana, ginger and citrus fruits was higher in the year as compared to the preceding year.
6. Industrial development in the State continues to lag behind. There has been no sign of growth of registered factories. However, significant growth is noticed in the number of small scale units with the total investment in plants and machineries increasing from Rs.608.66 lakhs in 1988-89 to Rs.700.41 lakhs in 1989-90. The number of persons employed in these small units also rose from 7458 in 1988-89 to 8181 in 1989-90. Production of cement increased from 79.8 thousand tonnes in 1989 to 127.76 thousand tonnes in 1990 showing a rise of 60 percent. Production of coal increased by approximately 10 lakh tonnes, limestone by 10,000 tonnes and sillimanite a shortfall of around 370 metric tonnes during the period January to October 1990 compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. Power generation was 400.23 MKWH in 1989-90 as against 422.89 MKWH in 1988-89.
7. There has been a marked increase in prices of essential commodities like rice, sugar, potato, mustard oil, onion and pulses varying from 2 percent in pulses to 34.2 percent in mustard oil which is causing concern. The number of applicants registered in the Employment Exchange increased from 21,402 in June 1989 to 23,897 in June 1990. The number of educated persons in the Live register increased from10,152 as on 30.6.1989 to 10,750 by 30th June 1990 showing a rise of about 5.9 percent.
STATE ANNUAL PLAN
8. The Seventh Five Year Plan Came to an end on 31st March 1990.The Eighth Five Year Plan commenced from first April 1990. The State Annual Plan for the year 1990-91 was approved at Rs.175 crores. In addition an outlay of Rs.9.45 crores was made available to Meghalaya under the Regional Plan of the North Easter Council. It is expected that the total outlays of both the State and the North Eastern Council Plan would be utilised. Though the Eight Plan is yet to be finalised at the National level, the State Annual Plan for 1991-92 has been finalised and approved at a total outlay of Rs.210 crores.
9. Keeping in view the need for Integrated Area planning at District level, the main thrust in the ensuing year of the Eight Plan would be directed towards the strengthening of the process of democratic and decentralised planning involving progressive participation by the people. Encouragement of productive land development investment, ensuring long term, tenurial rights to the cultivators, protection of soil erosion and environment through afforestation, creation of village forest reserves, development of horticulture, sericulture and cash crops would also be emphasised. It is also sought to increase production of food grains, develop Animal Husbandry & Veterinary and allied sectors through transfer of technology from laboratory to the field and exposure of farmers to improve practices and technology.
10. Emphasis also is being laid on encouragement of agro-based, electronics and minerals based industries where locally available resources could be exploited.
11. High priority is accorded to the implementation of the National Education Policy 1986 for a need based education with suitable vocationalisation, encouragement of private management of schools and colleges for qualitative improvement of education, health care, supply of drinking water and establishment of growth centres to resolve congestion in urban areas. It is also proposed to encourage privatisation of road transport.
12. Under Science and Technology sector, problem areas are sought to be identified to facilitate research and development projects involving appropriate technology and to build up a scientific temper amongst the people, particularly the student community.
13. Agriculture plays a predominant role in the economy of the State. Therefore, its objective is to attain self sufficiency in food grains production. An outlay of Rs.831 lakhs for 1991-92 was approved against an outlay of Rs.755 lakhs in 1990-91. The target for food grains production is fixed at 186.65 thousand tonnes for 1991-92 against 184.20 thousand tonnes for 1990-91. To achieve this objective, steps have been taken to raise the productivity level per unit areas through extensive use of fertilizers, larger coverage of irrigated areas under high yielding and improved varieties of seeds with multiple cropping including demonstration and training, adoption of improved techniques and intensification of plant protection measures. Food grains production is estimated at 151 thousand tonnes in 1989-90 as against 138 thousand tonnes during 1988-89. Attempts will also be made in the coming year to increase the area under maize, wheat, pulses and oil seeds.
14. In the field of horticulture, production of oranges, pears, stones fruits, pine apples, bananas and other fruits is likely to go up to 2.24 lakhs tonnes by the end of 1990-91 from 1.95 lakhs tonnes in 1988-89. The target for 1991-92 is aimed at 2.43 lakhs tones. The supply of planting materials and the package scheme of crop-cum-subsidy assistance to small farmers for raising horticultural crops and other measures are being continued. The need for providing adequate marketing, storage and processing facilities for these produce have been stressed upon and the capacity of the existing fruit processing units at Shillong and Dainadubi are proposed to be expanded with requisite modernisation.
15. The State Agriculture Marketing Board has taken up the establishment of Principal a Regulated Market at Mawiong in East Khasi Hills and Garobadha in West Garo Hills District for which land development and other works are in progress. The MECOFED which was entrusted with distribution of fertilizers, distributed chemical fertilizers worth around Rs.84.44 lakhs till September, 1990.
16. The National Watershed Development Project on Rain Fed Agriculture is being implemented in seven Water-shed areas under a Central Sector Scheme with Agriculture Department as the Nodal Agency.
17. During the current year, implementation of the Rongai Valley Irrigation Project, launched in 1989, continued. It is proposed to take up survey and investigation for three additional Medium Irrigation Projects during the next years. It is also proposed to augment the irrigated area in the State through minor irrigation works, for which an allocation of Rs.555 lakhs has been provided during the year 1991-92. Thyme utilisation of the potential created is sought to be improved through Command Area Development Programmes.
18. The Cooperative movement in the State has yet to become vibrant and self reliant. Consequent on the efforts made, the functioning of different types of Cooperative Societies has shown improvement. More efforts are needed to make them effective in promoting economic activities. Disbursement of loans through Cooperative Channel was Rs.107.17 lakhs in respect of long and medium term loans and Rs.36.85 lakhs for short term loans, for the period ending 31-3-90. Steps have been taken for the implementation of the loan waiver scheme which is likely to benefit about 68,000 members of the Cooperative Societies. Inspite of absence of tie-up arrangements with National level Cooperative Organisations in respect of marketing, the MECOFED has been procuring agricultural and minor forest produce including jute and cotton in collaboration with the Jute Corporation and the Cotton Corporation of India.
19. Implementation of the Crop Insurance Scheme continues. With the implementation of the Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) in East Khasi Hills, a perceptible improvement in the functioning of the Societies in the Project area is seen. To supplement State Plan efforts, are under preparation by the Consultancy firms, and on acceptance by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), these will be taken up in a phased manner. In a seminar on Cooperative Development in the North Eastern States held in Shillong in May 1990 and attended by Ministers of Cooperation of four State Level Cooperatives including Cooperative Banks, recommendations were made for removal of common problems of cooperative backwardness of the region. Follow up actions on the above recommendations have been initiated.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & VETERINARY
20. The Department plays an important role in the development of the economy of the State and continues to provide supplementary income particularly to the rural community. The outlay for this sector is being stepped up from Rs.261 lakhs in 1990-91 to about Rs.304 lakhs in 1991-92.
21. Emphasis is being given for effecting improvement in the productivity of milch cattle, pigs, poultry, goats and other livestock and also to increase the availability of improved breeding stock. Cross breeding of local cattle with exotic dairy breed is being extended to interior villages by the use of frozen semen technology. The Regional Pig Breeding farm at Kyrdemkulai has been functioning to its full capacity and has so far produced 400 piglets during 1990-91 . With a view to popularising broiler chick production in the State, farms are being set up at Kyrdemkulai.
22. To provide health cover facilities for livestock and poultry in the Sate, 53 dispensaries, 52 veterinary aid centres and 15 mobile veterinary dispensaries have been established so far. To check ingress of cattle with rinderpest and other contagious diseases from neighboring states, 2 check posts are proposed to be set up. .Health cover programmes were continued and will be intensified in the ensuing year.
23. Forest plays a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance, checking soil erosion and preserving its fertility. Indiscriminate felling of trees has caused serious damage to the forest wealth of the State. To remedy this situation, programmes of afforestation along with protection and conservation of the existing forest areas have been taken up. To ensure joint involvement of the State Government and the District councils in the effective implementation of Forest Protection Laws, the Meghalaya Forest Authority Ordinance, 1991 has been recently promulgated. During the previous year, 8000 hectares were brought under plantation and an area of 8375 hectares. is proposed to be brought under plantation in 1991-92. The facilities at Lum Nehru Park at Umiam created in 1989-90 are being developed further to cater to the increasing needs for community recreation.
24. Coordinated air pollution control is being pursued to mitigate the hazards of pollution especially in the urban area.
25. Soil erosion caused by denudation of forest cover is of great concern to the Government. Land use practices such as jhum and ill-managed steep slopes cultivation, deforestation, wild-fires, extensive grazing are factors responsible for soil erosion. To overcome this problem, the Department undertook schemes for providing irrigated land for permanent cultivation with other backup programmes and supply of inputs like improved seeds, manure and fertilisers. Under the State Plan and Central Sector Schemes, special emphasis is proposed to be given for extending facilities of supply of drinking water, provision of link roads, re-clothing the barren jhum slopes with vegetative, fodder, pasture, cash and horticultural plantation to wean away jhumias from wasteful cultivation and simultaneously to protect the soil from erosion. Treatment of 10 critical mini watersheds is also proposed during 1991-92.
26. The outlay for State Soil Conservation programme during 1991-92 is fixed at Rs.600 lakhs against Rs.450 lakhs in the previous year. In addition central sector schemes for next years is fixed at Rs.125 lakhs.
27. With a view to boosting fish production in the State, fish production in the State, fish culture schemes have been taken up at Task, Ward's lake and Nogorpara Bheel sanctioned by the North Eastern Council (NEC). These schemes will further be developed. Fishery development in water reservoirs at Kyrdemkulai and Nongmahir, as approved by the NEC, is proposed. To popularise pisciculture, financial assistance as well as training in modern practices is being provided.
SERICULTURE AND WEAVING
28. Sericulture and handloom weaving are important cottage industries in the State. Efforts have been made to promote these industries for the benefit of the rural people. The main thrusts to step up production and productivity. For this purpose, better silk worms food plants, seed worms, appliances and disinfectants are supplied to the rearers. Farmers are also trained in new techniques of rearing. Training and other programmes will be continued and improved. In addition four block plantations, one for mulberry and Eri and three for Muga, one chowki rearing centre and one spinning centre are proposed to be established in 1991-92.
29. In handloom weaving, establishment of demonstration cum production centres has been initiated. The Design and Research Centre attached to the Handloom Training Institute will provide training for improvement in designs. Provision of post loom facilities like dyeing and printing has been made.
30. The work at Umiam stage-IV hydro electric project is in progress. the project could not be commissioned by the end of 1990 as scheduled due to several unforeseen constraints. It is however expected to be commissioned by the end of 1991. Under the rural electrification programme 2206 villages had been electrified till November 1990 covering a total population of about 64 percent.
31. The Science and Technology Cell has developed two types of chulahs, one fixed and the other portable. The Cell has also conducted a number of workshops and carried out research oriented programmes. These programmes are proposed to be continued and intensified in 1991-92. An outlay of Rs.55 lakhs has been approved for the year 1991-92.
ROADS & BRIDGE
32. Against an outlay of Rs.30 crores in 1990-91 the road sector has an outlay of Rs.36 crores in 1991-92. Priority will be accorded for completion of the spill over schemes of the Sixth and Seventh Plans. While taking up new schemes, emphasis will be given to villages which have rich agriculture, mineral and other resources and where land is available free of cost. During the Seventh Plan the road length of the State increased to 5,580 kms including 2,362 kms of surfaced road with road density of 24.90 per 100. sq.kms as on 31-3-90.
33. Road transport plays a vital role in the economic development of the State which depends entirely on this mode. The Meghalaya Transport Corporation, with a fleet of 189 buses is operating on 53 routes, connecting different places in the State and the towns of neighboring States, apart from providing limited subsidised transport to school going children at Shillong. The State Government and the Working Group of the NEC have identified schemes for ropeways during the Eighth and Ninth Plan period. Joint check gates, in collaboration with other departments, are proposed to be established at Byrnihat and Dainadubi which will go a long way in helping to check violation of traffic rules, evasion of taxes and to control the illegal movement of timber and other forest produce. Provisions for roadsides amenities like parking places, retiring rooms etc. are proposed to be made.
MINING & GEOLOGY
34. The Department of Mining and Geology is entrusted with the work of investigation of mineral deposits in the State and with the collection of royalty and cess on major minerals of the State. The Meghalaya Mineral Development Corporation has been able to export coal to Bangladesh and earn foreign exchange to the extent of Rs.3 crores. The Corporation is also exploring the possibility of exporting limestone to Bangladesh.
35. In the field of Primary education, the Government while continuing with its management, has decentralised its administration both at the District and Sub-Divisional levels. the pattern of school education in the State has been restructured and the curriculum revised within the framework of the National Pattern of Education and the National Core Curriculum as laid down under the National Policy of Education, 1986. During the current year, the Government initiated steps to improve the infrastructure for education in the State through several measures including upgrading of selected High schools to Higher Secondary level, extending financial assistance to 750 existing primary schools for creating additional classrooms and assisting 90 school-less villages in setting up Primary Schools. The quality of education is sought to be standardised and improved by prescribing a new academic calendar and by strengthening teachers' training facilities. At the same time it is proposed to intensify the adult education programme.
HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
36. The Department has been endeavouring to reach the goals set under the National Health Policy to develop a Health Care Delivery System for the benefit of the people. During the 7th plan period, 30 additional Sub-Centres were made functional, bringing the total to 62 PHCs and 246 Sub Centres (SC). During the year 1990-91 construction of one Community Health Centres (CHC) 4 PHCs and 50 Sub Centres is expected to be completed. The Maternity and Child Health and Family Welfare Programmes continue to be the cornerstone of preventive Health Care effort. Under these schemes, the immunization of children and expectant mothers continues.
37. To improve the quality of Immunization Scheme, it is proposed to set up a Testing Centre for testing of field samples of oral polio vaccines. During 1991-92 and in the remaining 8th Plan period, this Centre will also act as a nucleus for the establishment of a Tissue Culture Laboratory. The Regional Blood Bank which started functioning at Shillong in May, 1990 has been strengthened with additional equipment and laboratory facilities. The Pasteur Institute has taken steps to gear up the production of different vaccines to meet the requirements of the North Eastern Region.
PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING
38. The programme of providing safe drinking water continues to be an important objectives of the Government. Out of the total number of 4902 villages in the State, 3306 villages had been covered under the scheme till March 1990. Waster supply to a total of approximately 4000 villages is likely to be achieved by March 1991. A target of 600 villages has been proposed in the ensuing year.
39. In the Urban sector, Phase I of the Greater Shillong Water Supply Scheme, with a capacity of supplying 50 lakh gallons per day has been completed except for a few zonal reservoirs at Mawlai. During the current year, works on the feeder line from Upper Shillong to Motinagar and Malki are in progress. Project report on the new distribution system for Shillong has been received and works in some areas have already been taken up. So far 1448 rain water harvesting structures have been constructed in 100 villages. Similar programmes will be continued during 1991-92
40. Efforts to develop the Tourism potential of the State continue. The construction of the Restaurant-Cum-Rest House at Cherrapunjee and the Drive-in-cum-Restaurant at Nongpoh were completed. They are expected to be commissioned soon. Construction of a Tourist Lodge at Siju, Tourist Bungalows at Baghmara, Ranikor and Nongstoin, wayside amenities at Khliehriat and Anogiri and a Yatrinivas at Shillong are proposed to be taken up. Private entrepreneurs will be encouraged to build up tourism infrastructure. Adventure tourism such as trekking and river rafting is proposed to be developed
41. With the adoption of the State Housing Policy, special thrust has been directed towards providing houses to the houseless people of the economically weaker sections (EWS) and low income groups, especially in rural areas. During the period from 1988-1990, 2400 beneficiaries had been covered. In 1990-91, 1150 cases have been proposed which are expected to be achieved. 2700 beneficiaries are proposed during 1991-92. The Department has also given grant-in-aid in the shape of C.I. roofing to houseless (EWS) villagers. Under this programme, 300 families have been covered in 1990-91 and 3600 families are proposed to be covered during 1991-92. The Department has also provided grant-in-aid of roofing materials to 612 EWS families affected by cyclone and other natural calamities during 1990-91.
COMMUNITY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
42. Programmes of the Community & Rural Development are aimed not only at reducing poverty and improving the quality of life in the rural areas but also to provide avenues for public participation in the creation of durable community assets. The outlay approved for 1991-92 is Rs.328 lakhs against Rs.258 lakhs in the previous year.
43. The Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), the National Rural Employment Programme (NREP), the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP), the Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) will continue to be implemented depending on the Central Government continuation of the programmes. The State Institute of Research and Training in rural Development (SIRD) has become operational and a number of training programmes have been taken up. These will be continued. The programme of assistance to Small and Marginal farmers for increasing agricultural production will be continued as a centrally sponsored scheme.
44. In the industrial sector, the Siju Cement and the Lumshnong Paper Grade Lime projects are under process. The Package Scheme of Incentives laid down in the Industrial Policy of the State has yielded encouraging response. Development of small scale and cottage industries continues to be emphasised. In the Khadi and Village industrial sector, innovative schemes like cotton khadi centres at Marngar and Saipung and Silk Khadi centre at Dainadubi were started. Khadi Bhandars were opened at Nongpoh and Jowai.
45. In the Handicrafts sector, 313 trainees were given training in knitting, embroidery and carpentry. The infrastructure facilities in the industrial areas at Umiam and Byrnihat have been further developed. Efforts are being continued to provide common service facilities and workshops in the industrial estates at Shillong, Williamnagar, Nongstoin and Jowai. Government will continue to assist private sector in establishing industries under the promotional programmes for entrepreneurs.
SPORTS AND YOUTH AFFAIRS
46. Creation of necessary infrastructure for development of sports and games and other youth welfare activities is being continued. During 1990-91 construction of an indoor stadium and a basket ball court at NSCA at Shillong, a multipurpose stadium hall at Hawakhana and renovation of Crinoline swimming pool have been taken up.
47. During 1991-92, construction of a swimming pool at Tura and indooor stadium halls, one each at Williamnagar, Nongstoin, Mawlai, Madan Laban and Laitumkhrah, are proposed to be taken up. Identification and nurturing of potential sports talents will be continued and they will be encouraged to take part in sports competitions outside the State. Sports and coaching camps are being conducted in various disciplines in different parts of the State. Financial assistance is also accorded to State, district and divisional sports associations.
FOOD AND CIVIL SUPPLIES
48. Meghalaya is deficit in food production. Efficient functioning of the Public Distribution System is imperative for providing minimum requirements of essential commodities to the people at reasonable prices. Strengthening and streamlining of the Public Distribution System has been carried out. Till date, 3241 Fair Price Shops have been established, out of which 2689 are located in rural areas, including areas bordering Bangladesh, and 552 in urban areas. In addition three Mobile Fair Price Shops are functioning in the rural areas. The number of such shops will be augmented. To check malpractices in the Public Distribution System (PDS), the Consumer Protection Movement at various levels has been encouraged. Seminars were organised to arouse civic consciousness regarding quality and prices of goods distributed through the PDS.
49. Implementation of the schemes for welfare of women, children, the handicapped, the infirm and the delinquents continues through 49 voluntary organisations with the financial assistance of the Government. The twenty Integrated Child Development Service Schemes will continue. Six more such projects sanctioned by the Government of India are expected to be operational soon. Financial assistance is also provided to Special Educational Institution run by a voluntary organisation for Spastic children at Shillong and to the Institute for the Blind at Tura. The four voluntary organisations working for prevention of drug abuse, alcoholism and other social evils, are also assisted financially and professionally. Under the Supplementary Nutrition Programme, around 85,200 children and pregnant and lactating mothers were benefited during the current year.
50. Since Meghalaya does not have Land records, measures for cadastral survey in the State in close cooperation with the District Council Authorities have been taken up. In order to settle interstate boundary disputes between Assam and Meghalaya, necessary reconnaissance and primary traverse surveys have been initiated.
BORDER AREAS DEVELOPMENT
51. Keeping in view the special requirements of the people in areas bordering Bangladesh, the Government have undertaken various schemes for improving the economy of the area with particular emphasis on infrastructural development. Programmes so far undertaken by the Government in the direction include development of transport and communications, supply of agricultural inputs for increasing agricultural productivity, regular supply of essential commodities and providing marketing facilities for their produce.
52. The Programme Implementation Department has been assigned the key role in monitoring the overall plan schemes of various departments. Public Enterprise Cells have also been set up in the Department to monitor the functioning of the State Government Public Undertakings. the Planning commission has set up the Meghalaya State Unit of NICNET at Shillong with NIC centres in all the five District Headquarters. A Computer Cell is also functioning in the Department.
53. With a view to expanding the developmental activities of the District Councils, the State Government have channelised additional funds amounting to Rs.150.41 lakhs during 1990-91. A provision of Rs.195 lakhs under Plan and Rs.39.11 lakhs under Non-Plan has been made for 1991-92. Government also propose to undertake cadastral survey of all un-surveyed lands in the State with the involvement of the District Councils.
54. The Urban Affairs Department is responsible for orderly growth, development and proper management of the urban areas of the State. The problems of Urbanisation are reflected through traffic congestion, emergence of slums and the growing strain on civic infrastructure. The master plan for Shillong was approved and notified in October, 1990 and those for Tura and Jowai are in the process of finalisation. Development plans for other towns of Nongstoin, Williamnagar, Khanapara and Byrnihat have been initiated. Measures for adoption and implementation of the Assam Town and Country Planning Act 1959 and the Slims Clearance Act 1959 in the entire State have been taken up. The Shillong Development Authority, set up in March 1989, has been entrusted with the enforcement and implementation of the Shillong Master Plan.
55. The Schemes of "Youth Parliament" will be continued in different schools and colleges in the State. The scheme is useful in making the students aware of the functioning of the democratic and parliamentary system in the country.
56. The summary revision of the electoral rolls for assembly constituencies as on 1st January 1991 has been started with the publication of a draft roll on 17th December, 1990. The work was completed by 7th February 1991, in accordance with the programme fixed by the Election Commission.
57. Various Acts and Rules framed under the Indian Factories Act and Indian Boilers Act are being enforced to ensure the safety, welfare and health of the workers. Under the minimum Wages Act, the minimum rates of wages have been laid down for agricultural labourers, workers engaged in construction and maintenance of roads and buildings etc.
WEIGHT AND MEASURES
58. The Department of Weights and Measures is the legal authority for implementation of the provisions of the Meghalaya Weights and Measures Acts and Rules for the protection of the consumers. With the introduction of the new Weights and Measures Act, 1985 and the rules, 1989, measures have been taken to protect the interest of the consumers.
ARTS AND CULTURE
59. The activities in this field are being expanded. The District Museum at Tura has been established and a State Level Cultural complex is proposed to be set up in Shillong.
60. Sir, I have broadly indicated in brief the outline of the policies and programmes of the Government for 1991-92 . The Plan Supplement will provide details of the various schemes and programmes proposed to be taken up during the year. I would now like to present a brief account of the Actuals for 1989-90 and the revised estimates for 1990-91 before I mention about the Budget Estimates for 1991-92.
61. During 1989-90 receipts on all accounts amounted to Rs.2076.47 crores, while the expenditure was of the order of Rs.2068.79 crores resulting in a surplus of Rs.7.67 crores. Together with the negative opening cash balance of Rs.35.86 crores, the year closed with a deficit of Rs.28.19 crores. However, at the end of the year, the State Government had an amount of Rs. 63.46 crores invested in the Government of India Treasury bills.
REVISED ESTIMATE 1990-91
62. The year 1990-91 thus opened with a negative cash balance of Rs.28.19 crores and a positive balance of Rs.63.46 crores in the Government of India Treasury bills account. The total receipts during the year on all accounts inclusive of the holdings in Treasury bill are estimated at Rs.2197.35 crores, while the expenditure is estimated at Rs.2181.66 crores resulting in a surplus of Rs.15.69 crores. This surplus will reduce the negative opening balance of Rs.28.19 crores thus leaving a negative closing balance of Rs.12.50 crores.
BUDGET ESTIMATE 1991-92
63. The year 1991-92 is expected to open with a negative cash balance of Rs.12.50 crores. During the year, the receipts and expenditure on revenue account are estimated at Rs.405.69 crores and Rs.382.37 crores respectively leaving a surplus of Rs.23.32 crores. Outside the revenue accounts, the estimated receipts and expenditure are Rs.1842.90 crores and Rs.1935.94 crores respectively, leaving a deficit of Rs.93.04 crores. But, the surplus of Rs.23.32 crores on revenue account will reduce the deficit to Rs.69.72 crores.
ADDITIONAL RESOURCE MOBILISATION AND MEASURE TO COVER DEFICIT
64. To reduce estimated deficit to the extent possible, the following measures to raise additional resources are proposed.
(i) Amendment of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 to increase rate of fee for registration of deeds of partnership.
(ii) Upward revision of the rates of taxes, under the Meghalaya Professions, Trades, Callings and Employment Taxation Act.
(iii) Enhancement of the rates of tax under the Meghalaya (Sales of Petroleum and Petroleum Products including Motor Spirit and Lubricants) Taxation Act.
(iv) Enhancement of the lump sum rate of tax under the Meghalaya Passengers and Goods Taxation Act and upward revision of the rates prescribed for penalties and for the composition fee.
(v) Increase of the betting tax and the license fee for bookmakers under the Meghalaya Amusements and Betting Tax Act.
(vi) Introduction of a new legislation to prescribe the slabs of rates of turnover tax based on charges for luxuries.
(vii) Increase the availability fee and gallonage fee on IMFL and beer.
(viii) Amendment of the Meghalaya Motor Vehicles Taxation Act by a Bill for increase of rate of tax on vehicles used for transportation of goods only and increase of tax on vehicles and introduction of a one time tax on personalised vehicles.
65. The above measured are expected to yield an additional revenue of about Rs.2 crores. As in the current year, a number of measures aimed at improving financial discipline and control with particular focus on non-plan expenditure will continue to be enforced. Simultaneously, efforts would be taken up to cut wasteful expenditure and to improve productivity through a realistic assessment of man power requirements of different departments and restricting expenditure only to essential items. It would be ensured to the extent possible, that investment of plan funds takes place in productive schemes yielding a maximum return in terms of economic growth, apart from generating resources Government will also endeavour to identify areas in each sector where the management of the schemes can be suitably streamlined to meet the above objective. I am confident that the support and cooperation of the Members of this August House in our efforts to improve the finances of the State would be forthcoming.
66. With these words, Sir, the Budget Estimates for 1991-92 is presented to this August House for consideration and approval. But, in view of the fact that the present session will be of a short duration, Hon'ble Members will not be in a position to deliberate fully. However, to enable the Government to carry on with its duties and responsibilities and defray expenditure for the first three months of the next financial year. I propose that the House may grant a vote-on-Account.
STATEMENT SHOWING THE SECTORAL ALLOCATION UNDER 'STATE PLAN
1990-91 AND 1991-92
|(Rs. in Lakhs)|
|A. ECONOMIC SERVICES|
|I. Agriculture and Allied Services -|
|Assistance to Small Farmers/Marginal Farmers||75.00||75.00|
|Soil and Water Conservation||450.00||590.00|
|Forestry and Wildlife Preservation||730.00||1400.00|
|Food Storage and Warehousing||15.00||15.00|
|Agriculture Research and education||16.00||23.00|
|Investment in Agriculture Financial Institutions||1.00||1.00|
|Other Agricultural Programme-|
|(a) Marketing and Quality Control||72.00||72.00|
|TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services||2591.00||3937.00|
|II Rural Development|
|Special Programme for Rural Development|
|(a) Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)||132.00||150.00|
|(b) Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP)||40.00||60.00|
|(c) Pilot Project for Village Development||10.00||-|
|Rural Employment :-|
|Jawahar Rozgar Yojana||102.00||116.00|
|Community Development and Panchayats||258.00||298.00|
|State Centre for Research and Training in Rural Development.||7.00||10.00|
|TOTAL -II- Rural Development||614.00||712.00|
|III. Special Area Programme|
|Border Area Development Programme||210.00||210.00|
|Total - III - Border Area Development||210.00||210.00|
|IV. Irrigation and Flood Control|
|Major and Medium Irrigation||120.00||52.00|
|Command Area Development|
|Flood Control Projects||67.00||66.00|
|Total -IV -Irrigation and Flood Control||587.00||738.00|
|V. Energy -|
|Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE)||45.00||60.00|
|Total -V- Energy||3590.00||3920.00|
|VI. Industry and Minerals :-|
|Village and Small Industries||122.00||123.00|
|Sericulture and Weaving||105.00||113.00|
|Industries (Other than Village and Small Industries)||588.00||407.00|
|Total - VI- Industries and Minerals||895.00||723.00|
|Roads and Bridges||3000.00||3600.00|
|Other Transport Services||96.00||80.00|
|Total - VII-Transport||3274.00||3830.00|
|VIII. Science, Technology and Environment|
|Scientific Research including Science and Technology||32.00||55.00|
|Ecology and Environment||8.00||20.00|
|Total-VII- Science, Technology and Environment||40.00||75.00|
|IX. General Economic Services|
|Secretariat Economic Services||17.00||30.00|
|Survey and Statistics||12.00||23.00|
|Weights and Measures||10.00||10.00|
|Total -IX- General Economic Services||197.00||254.00|
|B. SOCIAL SERVICES :-|
|X. Education, Sports, Arts and Culture|
|Art and Culture||71.00||75.00|
|Sports and Youth Services||272.00||275.00|
|Total-X- Education, Sports, Arts and Culture||1848.00||2400.00|
|XI Health :-|
|Medical and Public Health||709.00||760.00|
|Total -XI- Health||709.00||760.00|
|XII Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development:-|
|Water Supply and Sanitation||1135.00||1415.00|
|House Building advance||150.00||....|
|TOTAL -XII- Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development.||2121.00||2301.00|
|XIII. Information and Publicity|
|Information and Publicity||100.00||113.00|
|Total -XIII- Information and Publicity||100.00||113.00|
|XIV. Welfare of Schedule Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes.|
|Welfare of Schedule Castes Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes.||2.00||2.00|
|Total-XIV- Welfare of Schedule Caste Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes.||2.00||2.00|
|XV. Labour and Labour Welfare :-|
|(a) Labour Welfare||4.25||5.00|
|(b) Craftsmen Training||28.75||16.50|
|(c) Employment Services||24.00||12.50|
|Total -XV-Labour and Labour Welfare||57.00||34.00|
|XVI. Social Welfare and Nutrition|
|Social Security and Welfare Nutrition||50.00||218.00|
|(a) Special Nutrition Programme by Social Welfare Department|
|(b) Special Nutrition Programme by Community Development Department.||25.00||----|
|(c) Midday Meal Programme by Education Department|
|Total -XVI- Social Welfare and Nutrition||75.00||218.00|
|XIV. Other Social Services-|
|Aid to Municipalities||50.00|
|Total -XVII - Other Social Services||50.00||--|
|Total -B-SOCIAL SERVICES||4962.00||5828.00|
|GENERAL SERVICES :-|
|XVIII General Services :-|
|Stationery and Printing||60.00||118.00|
|Aid to District Councils||150.00||150.00|
|Patrolling of National Highways||--||--|
|Administrative Training Institute||--||--|
|Total - XVIII - General Services||540.00||773.00|
THE FINANCIAL POSITION FOR THE YEAR 1991-92 WITH THOSE OF THE PREVIOUS YEARS.
|(Rs. in Lakhs)|
|Capital under the Consolidated Fund||25,56.86||42,68.13||53,13.90||57,38.90||70,49,35|
|Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund||9,78.82||4,08.76||6,00.00||15,51.06||5,55.20|
|Capital Receipt under the Public Account||16,22,13.02||17,20,50.67||16,60,24.79||17,55,56.45||17,66,85.40|
|Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund||93,46,.87||91,91.98||1,37,83.19||1,39,22.37||1.67,64.43|
|Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund||9,78.82||4,08.91||12,00.00||15,95.71||5,55.20|
|Capital Expenditure under the Public Account||16,45,84.95||17,14,00.77||16,56,59.79||16,88,45.20||17,62,74.57|
|NET RESULT :-|
|(a) In Revenue Account||(+)77,68.96||(+)50,41.76||(+)38,29.37||(+)30,85.47||(+)23,31.71|
|(b) Outside Revenue Account||(-)91,61.94||(-)42,74.10||(-)87,04.29||(-)15,16.87||(-)93,04.25|
|(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance||(-)13,92.98||(+)7,67.66||(-)48,74.92||(+)15,68.60||(-)69,72.54|
** The difference of Rs.6.07 lakhs between the closing balance of 1988-89 and the opening balance of 1989-90 is due to belated adjustment on account of opening of non-banking treasuries at Sohra and Resubelpara during 1989-90, which was made by Shillong Treasury during the same year.