Government of Meghalaya

Budget Speech

1992 93


Shri J. D. Pohrmen

Deputy Chief Minister, Meghalaya

26th March, 1992


Mr. Speaker, Sir,

        I rise to present the Budget Estimates for the year 1992-93


1.    The year 1991-92 has been exceptionally difficult year for the National economy with deepening of the crisis which began  in 1990-91. At the National level the balance of payments problems reached a crisis  by June 1991. A severe import squeeze introduced earlier disrupted industrial production which began to accelerate in 1990-91 reached a peak of 16.7 percent in August 1991. Growth of real GDP decelerated sharply and is likely to be not more than 2.5 percent this year.

2.    This slow growth  is partly because of slowdown in agricultural production coupled  with deceleration in industrial growth. Three categories of industries viz. capital good consumer durables and export-oriented industries  were particularly affected. The performance of the infrastructure sector, however, was much better than that of manufacturing industries in general which suggested that this  industrial recession need  not be prolonged and could show a quick revival in 1992-93. Financial services and transport services and to some extent construction is expected to rally well.

3.    The new Union Government which assumed office in June, 1991 took series of corrective measures which included short term measures aimed at crisis management as well as long term measures of structural reforms aimed at improving  efficiency and productivity towards bringing the economy on rails for sustainable growth with equity and social justice.

4.    The measures taken had some success, although the clouds of crisis still loom large on the national economic horizon. A lasting solution to these problems pointed out the need for sustained corrective action which could continue to receive  top priority in 1992-93

5.    A key element in the stabilization effort was the effort to restore fiscal discipline. While new initiatives were taken in  trade policy to stimulate growth by deregulation, export promotion and variety of policy initiatives and concessional overtures, a series of reforms were also undertaken in industrial policy towards consolidation and greater competitive stimulus to domestic industries. Administered prices of some goods and services were increased and measures were being taken towards reducing subsidies, ensuring buffer stock of food grains, encouraging savings, improving   technology and operational efficiency and expanding capacity in the infrastructural industry. Apart  from the above  policy measures financial policy, agriculture policy, poverty alleviation policy and Human Resource policy are the key policies which  emerge out clearly for fine-tuning. While presenting the Union Budget it was  stated by the Union Finance Minister that measures were  aimed  towards meeting the economic challenges facing the country. Our  achievements depend on our own discipline, efforts and efficiency.


6.    Quick estimates of State Domestic Products (new series), reveal that the Net State Domestic Products (NSDP) at current prices rose From Rs.555.68 crores in 1989-90 to Rs.598.13 crores in 1990-91 showing an increase of 7.64 percent. The per capita income at current  prices rose from Rs.3276 in 1989-90 to Rs.3445  during 1990-91 showing  an increase of 5.1 per cent. In real terms i.e. 1980-81  prices however the net State Domestic Product  rose from Rs.276.21 crores in 1989-90 to Rs.278.18 crores in 1990-91 resulting in a rise of only 4.1 percent  against a rise of 7.9 percent in the preceding year. Similarly the per capita income in real terms rose by only 1.6 per cent from Rs.1576 in 1989-90 to Rs.1601 in 1990-91.

7.    Agriculture sector being the dominant sector in economy of the State the production of food grains rose from 1.51 lakhs tonnes in 1989-90 to 1.53 lakhs in 1990-91. the production of  the food grains was targeted at 1.86 lakhs tonnes in 1991-92 and the performance so far appears to be satisfactory. Potato production registered a significant rise with total production of 1.19 lakhs tonnes in 1990-91 against 1.10 lakhs tonnes during 1989-90.

8.    Industrial Development in the State continues to move slowly with the number of registered factories remaining almost unchanged since late Eighties. However, number of small scale units increased from 1365 in 1989-90 to 1556 in 1990-91 and investment in small scale units also showed corresponding increase from Rs.700.41 lakhs in1989-90 to Rs.850.29 lakhs in 1990-91 in comparison with preceding year. Similarly, mining and quarrying sector also showed a decline.

9.    In power sector,  the total installed capacity remained stagnant since Seventies at 133.76 MW, However, the power generation  upto 30th November, 1991 was 338.63 MKwh as against 402.23 MKwh  during the corresponding period in 1989-90.The number of villages electrified up to 30th November, 1991 comes to 2302 showing a percentage increase in one year by 4.35 percent. However, percentage of villages electrified in the State remains at a low level of 46.96 percent.

10.    The Banking sector has shown considerable improvement. The total number of Bank offices in the State rose from 79  in 1983 to 165 by September, 1991. Even though there is considerable increase in total deposits, the credit, deposit ratio of the State as on September, 1991 was only 19 percent.

11.    As the availability of essential commodities in the State is dependent on supplies from outside. price rise of all essential commodities was much sharper in the State. the average wholesale price of rise (medium) increased by 8.05 percent in between December, 1990 to November, 1991. Equally noticeable and sharper rise of whole-sale prices of onion/potato/mustard/masurdal were 36.9 percent, 32.6 percent, 26.5 percent 22.9 percent, respectively.

12.    The consumer price index number (base 1984-85  =100)  rose from 181 in October, 1990 to 200 in September, 1991 at Shillong against a corresponding rise from 162 to 184 at all India level in the same period.

13.    There has been  a continuous rising trend in the employment in public sector which rose from 62,663 in June 1990 to 64,527 in June, 1991. However the number of persons enlisting for employment under all categories has also shown a rising trend from 23,897 persons in June 1990 to 24,295 in June, 1991.

14.    The State of Meghalaya cannot remain unaffected from the national scene being closely linked to the National Economy as also being one of the recipients of central assistance. As National economy opens up to International competition and trade, the emphasis would have to be on productivity, entrepreneurship, technological growth and proper utilisation of the State's economic potential. It would be essential to reduce waste and to ensure maximum possible economic return on the investment made. All the sectors of the economy shall have to perform if the State is not to be confined to the backwaters of economic life which is rapidly getting globalized. 


15.    The Seventh five Year Plan was  launched in 1985-86 with the initial target of investment of Rs.440.00 crores which was found inadequate consequent on the changes in the economic situation of the country during  the period. Ultimately the total  investment in Seventh Plan was agreed upon for Rs.556.00 crores. It has been decided to formulate Eight Plan for the period 1992-97 as against 1990-95 as originally envisaged while treating the intervening period as Annual Plans. The State Annual Plan for the year 1990-91  was approved  at Rs.175.00 crores. In addition to the State Annual Plan  outlay of Rs.205.00 crores during 1991-92 an outlay of Rs.976.00  lakhs was made available under the Regional Plan of NEC. It is expected that the funds available would be utilized. The Eight Plan is yet to be finalised at National Level.

16.        In the ensuing year of the Eight Plan under the scheme of Integrated Area Plan at District level, the main thrust would be directed towards the strengthening of the process of decentralised planning, involving progressive participation of the people. Encouragement of productive land-development investment, ensuring long-term tenurial rights  to the cultivators, creation of village forest reserves, development of horticulture, pisciculture,  sericulture and plantation of forestry would also be emphasised  while particular area of  thrust being Horticulture development  and Agro-Industries. It is  also sought to develop Animal Husbandry and Veterinary and allied sectors through transfer of technology from lab to the land and exposure of farmers to improved practices  and technology.

17.    Emphasis also is being laid  on encouragement of agro-based, electronic and mineral based industries where locally available resources could be exploited.

18.    Implementation on National Education Policy of 1986  for obtaining uniform and high standards of need-based education with suitable vocationalisation, encouragement of private institutions for qualitative improvement of education, health care, supply of drinking water and establishment of growth centres  to  resolve congestions in urban areas will be accelerated. Emphasis also is being laid to encourage privatization of road transport.

19.    Under Science and Technology sector the programme of identification , introduction and popularization of appropriate technology and to build up scientific temper amongst people  will be continued in the ensuing year.


20.Agriculture must supply growing requirement of food materials using our limited resources of land and water. This calls for a continuous improvement  in the technologies of production, processing, storage and marketing. Special efforts have to be made to improve the productivity of dry land agriculture. Systematic attention has to be paid to the control of land and water degradation. The various  institutional  and economic constraints on the fullest exploitation of the vast potential of agriculture in Meghalaya will have to be overcome; at the same time, the capacity  of agriculture of grow to use resources efficiently to innovate and diversify needs to be nurtured.

21.    Government would continue to strive for an accelerated increase in agricultural production. As a policy, attempt would be made to provide the people of the State comprehensive  "Food Security" instead of the "Food-grains security" alone,  along with optimal utilisation of State's vast agro potential. For the Agricultural sector, Government have provided an outlay of Rs.994.10 lakhs for the year 1992-93 as against the provision of Rs.831.00  lakhs for 1991-92 and have set a target of  192.50 thousand  tons for food grain production for the year 1992-93.

22.    To achieve this objective, efforts  of the Government  to raise the productivity level per unit area through extensive use of fertilizers, larger coverage of irrigated areas under high yielding and improved varieties of seeds with multiple cropping including demonstration and training, adoption of improved  techniques and intensification plant protection measures would continue.

23. For the accelerated growth of horticultural development the need for innovation has been  most keenly felt. It is proposed to allocate a sum of Rs.192.72 lakhs for the year 1992-93 , and a target of 255 thousand tons of production  of horticultural crops have been set for the year 1992-93. the State Department of Agriculture would also be able to meet the supply of planting materials and the need for providing adequate marketing, storage and processing  facilities  for these produces would receive due emphasis.

24.    In order  to improve the productivity in agriculture the need for removing technological, institutional and other constraints on the full exploitation of the Agriculture potential of the State would be imperative. This would imply upgradation of technology and package of practices, active extension,  streamlining of rural credit and continuing resources in innovations in development  of crops most suited to the State. To provide a value addition marketing, processing and storage facilities would be strengthened in the State.


25.    More effective steps would be taken to improve minor irrigation Rs.686 lakhs for Minor Irrigation and Rs.81  lakhs for command area Development programmes have been proposed. A physical target of additional  command area of 2280 hectares has been provided to maximize the utilisation of already created irrigation potential during 1992-93


26.    The Cooperative structure in the State still remains in a nascent state. Efforts are continuously made to transform the cooperatives at all levels to develop as economically viable and self-reliant units by ensuring active participation of the people in their managements. In efforts to improve the functioning of these cooperatives, Government have undertaken schemes of financing  agricultural loans to farmers through the cooperatives. During the year (for period ending 30th September, 1991), loans amounting to Rs.46.46 lakhs, Rs.60. 99 lakhs and Rs.9.96 lakhs on account of short-term, medium-term and long-term loans, respectively have been sanctioned. The Meghalaya  Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief Scheme  has also been implemented resulting in the restoration of  credit eligibility to a large number of borrowers.

27.    Efforts are also being made through MECOFED and other primary cooperatives to procure and market increased quantities of marketable surpluses of Agricultural and minor forest produce for ensuring fair returns to the growers. Procurement of 807 quintals of cotton has been made by the Garo Hills Cooperative Cotton Ginning and Oil Mills Ltd. in collaboration with the C.C.I  and with N.C.D.C. assistance. An expansion programme of the above Mills have also been taken in hand. Steps are also being  taken to examine the setting up of agro-based food processing units in the cooperative sector. Self-Service centres have also been set up to give a thrust to the consumer cooperative movement. Employees consumer Cooperative Societies have since been established in Shillong  and opening of such Units in other  Districts would also be given priority. Participation of women in these ventures has received special attention of the Government  Construction of two rural godowns with capacity of 250 Mt. under cooperative sector have been completed and another six such godowns are under various stages of construction. During the Eighth Plan period, strong marketing system with facilities of processing, development of credit, consumers, housing and education and training would be given priority along with cooperatives for weaker sections. The State resources would be supplemented by the funds available through the Centrally Sponsored Schemes and also institutional finance. Adequate attention would also be given for the successful implementation of I.C.D.P. and Business Development Plans for PACS in rural areas.


28.    Livestock and Dairy farming have tremendous potential in generating self-employment to the people including educated unemployed youths of the State Government programmes aim at providing meat, egg and milk products for consumption to the people. The major programmes include the establishment and maintenance of Cattle farms, Intensive Cattle Development. Project, Pig and Poultry farms for improving the local breeds and multiplication of improved stock through scientific methods, provide better health-care, balance feed and fodder for the livestock.

29.    Department's main thrust, therefore, and as included in the Eighth Plan, will be to generate self-employment imparting of training in Vocational Training Centres, reduce economic loss to the farmers due to epidemic diseases and provision  of a Veterinary Hospital in each District and to achieve rinderpest  free-zones in the State. Beside Cattle and Buffalo development, use of frozen semen technology will also be introduced in two Intensive Cattle Development Projects for coverage of large Artificial Insemination and establishment of one Buffalo farm. A Regional Piggery Breeding Farm is also proposed to be created. The departmental outlay for 1992-93 have been raised from Rs.300.00 lakhs in 1991-92 to Rs.400.00 lakhs for Animal Husbandry sector while in respect of  Dairy  Development sector  a provision of Rs.50.00 lakhs have been kept against Rs.41.00 lakhs in the current year.


30.    The depletion of forest cover in the State, which has a hilly terrain and is subjected to heavy rainfall every year, is a serious cause of concern. At the current rate, the State is facing severe ecological degradation. The need for protection of the forests and thereby preservation of the soil, water, climate and wildlife is therefore imperative. For this purpose, it is proposed to follow an integrated policy for preservation  of forests and environment  with the following principal elements.

         (1) Creation of Village Reserve forests in the environs of every village and thereby ensure the provision of fuel-woods  and fodder to meet the needs of villagers concerned along with a special emphasis of horticulture.

         (2) Intensive tree cover for degraded wasteland through scientific  watershed management  and involvement of the people.

         (3) Enrichment and conservation of existing Reserve Forests and protected forests towards conserving natural heritage and biotic diversity of the State.

         (4) Coordinating measures  for air and water  pollution control and mitigating pollution hazards.

         (5) Eco-development in forest areas in the peripheries of wildlife protected areas, etc.


31.    The  Land  of Clouds, on account of its geography and climatic conditions is now facing erosion of soil and depletion of natural resources like soil, water and vegetation. This problem, if left unattended, may turn the emerald state to a dry rocky desert in a not very distant future. The factor causing this being the terrain with steep slopes, high intensity of rain-fall, destructive land use practices such as Jhum & unscientific steep slope cultivation, uncontrolled wild fires, intensive grazing, etc. this makes the task of soil conservation challenging as the main task is towards conservation of  natural resources with increased and sustained food production, employment generation and adoption of improved techniques. the major thrust of the department during 1992-93 would be for  land  development and cash crops  development programmes, beside scientific  management of critical mini-watersheds as well as bringing more new watersheds under the programmes during 1992-93. Soil conservation works not covered under the specific Jhum  control  Scheme or the watershed management Scheme will also be continued  during 1992-93. Besides erosion control works, afforestation programmes, fodder and pasture development works, water conservation and distribution works, construction of water harvesting structure and conservation works in urban areas would also be continued. 


32.    Against the outlay of Rs.85.00 lakhs for the year 1991-92, the proposed provision for the first year of the Eighth Plan has been made for Rs.106.50 lakhs. During the current financial year, Government have initiated steps for strengthening of administrative infrastructure at the State and district Level. A new Fish farm at Killing in Ri-Bhoi Subdivision  is being established. The demand for fish seeds is every increasing and every efforts  would be made to meet the requirements  of the farmers.

33.    While efforts would be made to encourage  Cooperative Societies for development of fisheries separately under the North-Eastern council Scheme, development of fisheries at Tasek Lake, Ward's Lake, Katha Bheel and Kyrdemkulai and Nonmahir have also been taken. During 1991-92, the target of 4200 mts. of production is expected to be achieved and the target  for the year 1992-93  has been fixed at 4500 mts. of fish. In addition to the above, the Department have also taken up Integrated  Fish farming scheme like paddy-cum-fish culture, fishery -cum-pig-cum-duck culture in the private and cooperative sectors so that the socio-economic  conditions of the farmers are improved Government proposes to maintain this tempo  during the ensuing year of 1992-93.


34.    The Community and Rural development programmes continue to play an important role  for accelerating development in the rural areas.

35.    Apart from reducing  poverty and improving the quality of life in the rural areas, the programmes of the Community and Rural Development are to provide avenues for Public participation in the creation of durable community assets. The outlay approved  for 1992-93 is Rs.362.00 lakhs against Rs.298.00 lakhs of the current year. During the Eighth Plan, construction of rural roads and bridges, education water supply will be given top priority.

36.    Apart from general community development programmes, the I.R.D.P., S.F.M.F., J.R.Y., will continue to be  implemented. An outlay of Rs.192.00 lakhs  is proposed during  1992-93 against a provision of Rs. 150 lakhs  during 1991-92.  The Department  is also proposing for creation  of new blocks  during Eighth Five Year Plan to cater to the felt need of the people. Besides considering the necessity of taking  development administration closer to the people shifting certain Block headquarters to the places other than Subdivisional or District  headquarters would be taken up during 1992-93.

37.    Efforts to strengthen S.I.R.D.  will continue to enable absorption of development  plans and programmes for rural areas in the State administration and to build up a record of experience in development administration in  Meghalaya to serve as an input for policy making for the future.


38.    In the industrial sector, MIDC has sanctioned loans of Rs.23 crores to 1236 beneficiaries upto 31st March, 1991 in the State. Besides assisting in setting up Hotels, nursing homes and mini cement Plants, the Corporation has subsidiary companies of its own. Some of the major projects in the pipeline are Siju Cement Project. Paper grade lime project and Jaintia Cement Project. Government has appointed an Empowered Committee for selecting joint sector Co-promoter  and to monitor speedy implementation of the scheme. The Package Scheme of Incentives laid down in the Industrial Policy of the State has yielded encouraging response. Development of Small scale and Cottage Industries continues to be emphasised. In the Khadi and Village Industrial sector, Programmes initiated by the government like Khadi centre at Marngar, Silk Centre at Dainadubi and the Dhandurs at Nongpoh and Jowai and Gram Silpa at Shillong are running well.

39.    In the Handicrafts sector apart from the training of Master Craftsmen, the produce from different parts of the State  would continue to be provided with marketing facilities. Provision of common service facilities and workshops is envisaged in the various industrial estates in the State. Government would also continue to assist private sector in establishing  industries under the promotional programmes for entrepreneurs.


40.    Efforts to promote sericulture and handloom weaving in the State, particularly for the benefit of the rural people would continue. The main thrust is to step up production as well as productivity in silk worm rearing through provision of necessary  inputs, technology and extension.

41.    In handloom weaving, it is proposed, in addition to the existing programmes of training and demonstration, to establish 4 new pilot Handloom Weaving Centres and one Modernised Handloom Production Centre in the ensuing year.


41.    In this sector, Umiam-Umtru H.E.P. and Upper Khri are the important ongoing scheme. The Stage IV-HEP is expected to be commissioned shortly. The approved outlay for 1992-93 against Umiam-Umtru-Stage IV-HEP and Upper-Khri Division are Rs.41.37 crores and Rs.1 crores, respectively. The existing continuing schemes like Transmission and Distribution and New Generation Schemes will  be continued during the ensuing year. Under the Rural Electrification Programme 2271 villages had been electrified. The target of village electrification for the year 1991-92 is 180 which would be continued during next year.

43.    Transmission & distribution schemes under augmentation construction and modification of switchyard, etc. will have an allocation  of Rs.100 lakhs and will be commissioned during 1992-93. Construction of 132 KV Substation at NEHU Complex, will also continue along with construction of 132 KV  Substation at Nongstoin. Eighth Plan transmission and transformation  scheme; Improvement of Power Supply in Shillong ; distribution Master Plan of Meghalaya, and Rural electrification works will continue to get proper attention. Investigation on New Generation Schemes  on Micro H.E.P. at Laikroh, Ganol & Galwang has been completed and implementation will start in the ensuing year. Survey and investigation works on macro and micro H.E.P. schemes are on.

44.    The works of harnessing various Non-Conventional sources of energy is continuing along with the work on decentralised from of electricity Generation  through Solar Photovoltaic Cells, Solar Water Heating  systems of various capacities, totalling 50,000 LPD have already been installed . Programme as Bio-Gas and other forms of cooking energy have been undertaken and would continue during the ensuing year.


45.    The Directorate of Mineral Resources  took up mineral investigation in the State for development mineral based industries. This department is also responsible for collecting royalty on minerals and also Mineral Cess. During the year 1991-92, investigation for limestone, Kaolin and granite have been taken in nine different areas within the State. During  the Eighth Plan period, the Department proposes to open Ground Water Cell and Engineering  Geology Wing beside a Regional Office at Tura in West Garo Hills District for proper monitoring of the Departments activities in Garo Hills as a whole. A divisional Office for Nongstoin is also proposed at Nongstoin to ensure proper collection of royalty and  cess on mineral extraction. During the ensuing year, the Department proposes to conduct  a comprehensive investigation to evaluate the Mineral deposits in the State. Survey work for Ground water would also be taken up. Through the Meghalaya  Mineral Development Corporation, coal is being exported to Bangladesh, earning valuable foreign exchange for the country. Government  would examine the possibility of export of other minerals so that the natural resources of the State enable generation of economic resources for its overall development and their judicious exploitation.


46.    With a view to ensuring better performance and achievement, control and management of the Primary Education in the three Autonomous Districts continues to be under the charge of the State Government. These matters are also  being taken up with the concerned District Council authorities. A State Board of Primary Education is is also being constituted for the all round development of the students by ensuring uniform academic standards and learning techniques. For proper supervision on the functioning of the Primary Schools, Deputy Inspectors of Schools, with supporting staff are being provided for all the Sub-divisions

47.    As many as 1600 thatched and temporary Primary Schools buildings have been replaced and provision of additional class rooms for 800 Primary Schools are nearing completion. The Department proposes to continue its programme of replacing thatched/kutcha School  buildings and providing additional class rooms for needy schools.

48.    The revised Syllabi and Text books introduced on optional basis in 1991 are being implemented on compulsory basis during the current academic year at all School stages but in a phased manner in conformity with the National Pattern. It is the policy of the Government that Primary Education is made available to all. Financial assistance would also  be extended to Venture Colleges, High Schools, and newly established Middle Schools in rural areas as well as in urban areas. The Government would  encourage establishing more colleges both in Urban and rural areas to cope with ever-increasing numbers of admission every year.

49.    The Government is also taking steps to bring about  a qualitative improvement in the service condition of the teachers both under the Government and  also deficit Educational Institutions. A proper "Academic Calendar" for schools has  also been given effect from the Academic year of 1992 so that uniformity in working days and other activities is maintained. A Crash Programme for in-service training of 1000 School teachers to effectively teach the revised Syllabi and Text Books  has also been initiated. For the constitution of Higher Secondary and Vocational courses at the +2 Stages, 14 schools will be upgraded  as Junior  Colleges (PU) and Vocational streams will be started in 10 upgraded Higher Secondary Schools. For the complete eradication of  illiteracy  at the earliest in the State, adult Education Programme has been revamped and mass programme involving students and public have also been initiated. In  this connection under the Shillong Literacy campaign in rural areas. 1000 Adult Education Centres are being set up along with Village Learning Centres (Jana Shikshan Nilayam)


        50.    Promotion of art and cultural heritage of the State is the important function of the Department. For this purpose steps are proposed for establishing an Auditorium-cum Cultural complex at Shillong and for the construction of the State Museum within the State Central Library campus. Districts Libraries for Nongstoin and Williamnagar are also being established while District  Library auditoriums at Tura and Jowai have been completed.

51.    An Archaeology Cell has been established under the Directorate of Art & Culture. The services of Archaeological Survey of India have been obtained for preservation of sites of archaeological importance in the State. One such site has also been located in Garo Hills and is under study. The valuable heritage of Nartiang has also been taken up for preservation. The District  Museum at Tura has since been opened to the public. An Art Gallery has been set up at Rabindra Nath Tagore Complex at Kench's Trace. The State Archives have collected a number of valuable records from various sources and the Khasi Hills District Gazetteer has been published.


52.    The creation of necessary infrastructure for  the development of sports and games and other  youth welfare activities has been the continuing thrust of the Government. Young talent has been given scope for furthering their advancement in the arena of sports and games. State's youth have been provided with ample opportunities to participate in both indoor and outdoor games and other athletic activities, within and outside the State. Government  has also taken a number of projects at the State, District and Sub-divisional levels. the Department also extends financial assistance and grants-in-aid to Sports Associations and Athletic Organisations and help organise various tournaments in different disciplines.


53.    Monitoring, review and follow up action on the implementation of the Plan schemes of Government Department including such development activities undertaken through the State Government Undertakings, Corporations  and Local bodies are core objects of this Department. Planning Commission and the  Government of India have set up the Meghalaya State Unit of NICNET at Shillong with five NIC Units at the District Headquarters. A Computer cell has also begun functioning from 1991-92  and the Department is also in the process of installing an 8-terminal Computer Centre at the State Headquarter. The Evaluation Unit along with the Public Enterprise Cell provides an instrument for monitoring the performance in various Plan Sectors  and in Public Sector Undertakings. During the year 1991-92, "evaluation studies" on different schemes  have been conducted and in the coming year as many as nine such studies are proposed  to be undertaken.


54.    Against the original outlay for the Seventh Plan of Rs.200.00 lakhs, the actual annual outlay for the entire plan period came to Rs.208.00 lakhs. For the corresponding period State Government received the sanction for 26 I.C.D.S. Projects which are expected to be in operation during 1992-93 . It is also expected that by the end of the Eighth Plan period sanction for another three projects would be  received from the Government of India. These projects which run at Block level provide a useful nutritional input for health care of mothers and children. At the same time two Training Centres for Anganwadi workers at Shillong and Tura have been continued. In each centre, 50 trainees are being trained in mother and child care. This Scheme of training would receive due importance during  the year 1992-93. Besides under the Central  Scheme of services for children in need of care and protection, a total of 600 needy children were provided  with nutritional food, shelter, clothing, education including vocational training, through 19 voluntary organisations. During the Eighth Plan period additional number of children would be covered under the scheme.

55.    Three Self-help Training centres for women in need of care and protection have also been organised where training in weaving, tailoring, knitting and embroidery is being imparted. A number of voluntary organisations engaged in the field of child welfare and women protection and such other welfare activities are being assisted by the government through grant-in-aid for the physically handicapped, scholarships are awarded for studying upto Class VIII in schools. Prosthetic aids and  vocational training facilities are also extended by the Government.

56.  Government will continue to implement the various schemes  for the welfare of women, children, physically handicapped, juvenile delinquents, aged and infirm persons and also extend all possible assistance to viable voluntary organisations. the S.N.P. programmes would also receive special attention of the Government.


57.   Government is committed to achieving the National Commitment of "Health for All" by the turn of the century. Building up infrastructure and consolidation of the facilities already created have been receiving the attention of the Government. The Seventh Plan target of 65 Primary  Health Centres has been achieved. Construction of seven additional Community Health Centres have also been undertaken and those at Nongpoh and Baghmara have been completed . The other five Centres  are expected to be completed soon. the additional fifty Sub-Centres which had been taken up during 1990-91  are expected to  be completed by the end of the current financial year, thus raising the total number of Sub-centres in the State to 383, and the construction of another 14 Primary Health Centres are are at various stages of construction.

58.    Government propose to have the Health and Family Welfare  infrastructures to the level as below during the Eighth Plan period :

       Community Health Centre.................20 Nos.

       Primary Health Centres ...................100 Nos.

       Sub-Centres .................................. 500 Nos.

59.    Programmes for prevention of blindness, eradication of Leprosy,  control of Malaria and Blood Safety measures  and tackling of Drugs abuse and preventive steps against AIDS have been receiving the attention of the Government.

60.    It is expected that the production of D.T Group of Vaccines would  be taken up during the year. The Regional Blood Bank has already started  functioning and the Zonal Testing Centre for HIV (AIDS) screening for all the blood donors  have also been implemented with the assistance of the Central Government. The Regional combined Food and Drugs Laboratory is  expected to commence functioning soon as this would meet the 1954 and the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940. The Pasteur Institute vaccines and production of Cholera and Typhoid vaccines to meet the requirements of the North Eastern States.

61.    Tissue-Culture Laboratory and a Testing centre for field samples of Oral Polio Vaccine and also the establishment of the O.P.V. Testing centre at Pasteur Institute have been earmarked for the Eight Plan programme.

62.    Maternity and Child Health and Family  Welfare Programme would continue to be vigorously implemented and these steps would ensure in improving health of mothers and children and reduce infant, child and mother mortality. Beside the M.C.H. and Family Welfare Programmes, schemes of Immunisation of children against Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Measles, Tuberculosis and Poliomyelitis and Village Health Guide schemes would also continue.


63.    The  State is dependent mainly on roads for communications. Thus construction of roads & bridges will continue to get the due priority. From the time of creation of the State with  2786.68 Kms road length with road density of 12.35 Kms per 100 sq.kms by the end of 1991-92 the anticipated road length of 5837.04 kms including  2487.08 kms of surfaced  road with road density of 26.02 kms/100 Sq.Kms. which is far below the national average road density of 48.79 Kms/100 Sq.Kms. Effort will continue  to upgrade the existing roads and expansion of road system by providing necessary infrastructure.


64.    Providing safe drinking water and sanitation facilities continue to be an important objective of the Government. Out of 4902 villages in the State 3991 had been covered under the programme till March, 1991. Water supply to a total of approximately 600  villages is proposed to be covered during 1991-92. A target of 629 villages has been fixed for the ensuing year.

65.    In the Urban sector, Phase I of Greater Shillong W.S.S. with a capacity of 50 lakhs gallons of water per day has been completed, out of which 23 lakhs gallons of water is being supplied to Shillong and to other 18 enroute villages between Mawphlang and Upper Shillong. During  the current year, the works on the feeder lines, construction of zonal  reservoirs, which were initiated to augment the town water supply is at the final stage and is expected to be completed during the coming year by covering new areas. Apart from the above the programme for installing 200 numbers of Iron Removal Plants for water-quality-improvement, has been taken up and out of which 160 numbers of plants have already been installed and is expected to achieve the target during the current year. Similar programmes during 1992-93 will continue.


66.    Economic, efficient and adequate road transport play a key role in the economic development of the State, which on account of its landlocked and hilly nature depends almost entirely on this mode of transportation.  The State Government has provided the basic infrastructure in this sector through the MTC which operates on 53 routes, with a fleet of 197 buses and also provides limited subsidised transportation to the school going children in and around Shillong and Tura. However, activity in this sector has been growing in the private sector also of late and is expected to grow in future. Meanwhile steps are being taken to modernise the operations of the Corporation and make its functioning economically viable while maintaining the basic transport infrastructure in the State. To this end, Transport depots and maintenance centres are proposed at  Nongstoin, Jowai and Tura, a Sub-depot is also under construction at Nongpoh. the Corporation has modernised its information management system through computerisation. A  Regional workshop at Tura is nearing completion whereas the one at Jowai is likely to be completed by 1993-94.

67.    During 1992-93, efforts would continue for providing amenities to the passengers such as waiting sheds, toilets and water arrangements. Apart from transport services, the Department of Transport is responsible for enforcement of all acts & rules  under the Transportation Sector and has undertaken construction of joint Checkgates, checking of exhaust emersion of vehicles to check pollution, providing subsidy to unemployed youths for purchase of buses and three wheelers on specified routes, opening of driving schools for training of people, and establishing wayside amenities. MTC  intends to gradually phase  out its operations from, uneconomic routes and allow private operation on certain routes by young entrepreneurs separately. Allocation of fund would be kept for undertaking various road safety measures during 1992-93.

68.    In view of hilly terrain, high cost of construction and maintenance  of roads, heavy landslides and the damage done to the ecology in this region, the State Government as well as working group of Transport Sector identified 22 Schemes for ropeways to be included during Eight & Ninth Plan. the NEC has so fare agreed to take up the following Schemes  for feasibility study during Eighth Plan.

        (i) Upper Shillong to Barapani

        (ii) Tura Stadium to Tura Town.

        State Transport Department has kept a provision of Rs.15,00 lakhs during 1992-93 independent of NEC Scheme for Survey of ropeways in the State.


69.    Tourism in Meghalaya is in a comparatively nascent stage compared to the rapid strides which have been made elsewhere in the country. This was primarily due to the socio-political uncertainty generally prevailing in the North-Eastern parts of the country. During the Seventh Plan period effort in the Tourism sector was devoted to creation of infrastructural facilities. With an allocation of Rs.3.5  crores for the entire Seventh Five Year Plan period, the desired infrastructural  requirements could not be completed.

70.    During 1991-92, while attempting  to complete the spill-over schemes, a decision was also taken to modernise the tourist facilities in the State. As a follow up of the same the five cottages at the Orchid Lake resort were furnished appropriately and were thrown open for the occupation of public. Decisions have been taken to construct Yatri Nivas complexes at Tura and Shillong. Construction of Rest Houses at Baghmara, Siju and Ranikor, wayside amenities at Khliehriat and Anogiri and upgradation of Hotel at Thadlaskein have been taken up.

71.    It is proposed to continue the modernisation  of the tourism sector and to bring it at par with the National standards. Specialized tourist circuits have been proposed with special emphasis on wild life tourism, adventure tourism, water sports and other sports related tourism, ethnic tourism, religious tourism, golf circuits, business travels, etc.

72.    Some major sectors of tourism would also be privatised in order to bring private initiative and capital for development of Tourism in the State. It would be the endeavour of the Department of Tourism to mount a campaign for marketing Meghalaya tourism outside the State.


73.    Efficient and smooth functioning of Public Distribution System is of vital importance in our State which is a deficit State in food grains production. It is thus imperative  to streamline, expand and diversify the Public  Distribution system so as to reach and satisfy the general populace. Efforts have been initiated to maintain sufficient  stock and improved quality  of essential commodities supplied. Besides enforcing various legislations, consumer awareness will continue to get due attention of the department. Proper functioning and streamlining of PDS will continue to get added attention of the Government.


74.    Shelter to the shelter less by 2001 is the main  objective of the National Housing policy. With this end in view programmes have been taken up particularly for economically weaker section and low income group categories by subsidising the help. 20,000 units are proposed to be built during Eighth Plan. the department is implementing  various Housing schemes such as Rural Housing scheme, Loan-cum-subsidy assistance scheme, Loan assistance to MIG etc. These programmes would continue.


75.    Realising the geographical isolation problems arising out of difficult  terrain, as well as the economic potential of the border areas which had given rise to considerable economic activity in the past, the government have undertaken various schemes for improving the economy of such areas particularly those bordering Bangladesh. Programmes so far undertaken by the Government in this direction include supply of agricultural inputs for increasing agricultural productivity, development of transport and communications, regular supply of essential commodities and providing marketing facilities for farmers produce, schemes aimed at development of economic infrastructure in these areas, as well as measures indicated above are proposed to be continued


76.    As before, the District Councils would continue to receive the support from the Government in their plans and programmes. The revised outlay for the Eighth Plan  has been proposed at Rs.1,300.00 lakhs as against the original allocation of Rs.1000.00 lakhs based on the State Planning board's recommendation indicating an increase of 30 percent over the original outlay


77.    The Department imparts training for urban and rural volunteers and keeps them every ready for development in case of breakdown of law and order and in times of natural calamities, and provide specialised services. Though for want of adequate infrastructure, the services that could be provided are  of limited in nature. Government also proposes to utilise the services of these trained personnel in schemes such as afforestation, etc. At present there is one battalion of Border Home Guards who are deployed  along with the State Police for law and order duties besides V.I.P. security and protection of vital installations assignments. There are three District Training Centres and steps are being taken to establish two more Training Centres for Nongstoin and Williamnagar.


        78.    Planning commission has allocated Rupees 200 lakhs during 1992-93 for construction of District Jails and Sub-jails and implementation of Social Welfare Schemes. Construction of Sub-Jails at Mairang, Ampati, Dadenggiri and Resubelpara and District Jails at East and West Khasi Hills will be undertaken.


79.    Meghalaya Police would continue its efforts in meeting the threat of extremism and insurgency arising out of the general situation prevailing in the North East Careful watch on the situation would be constantly maintained and for countering the infiltration of extremist elements from across the State borders, check gates have been established around Shillong with additional check gates at Byrnihat. The detection of foreign national have also been satisfactorily maintained. The Police Housing Scheme 1991-92 of Rs.50,00 lakhs is expected to be fully utilised. The Department has undertaken the 2nd phase construction  works of D.G.P.'S Office Buildings at Shillong beside a Police Hospital with provision of Isolation Ward for Tura and District Police Headquarters Office  for West Garo Hills. Government has also procured, tested and installed two modern and sophisticated communication systems for Shillong and Tura for the Meghalaya Police Radio Organisations. Communication equipments for better and efficient system have also been procured and old and obsolete ones are being replaced so that communication coverage to Police Stations, Outposts and other Police Units is maintained without any hindrance. The Government is considering to upgrade two Subdivisions viz. Ri-Bhoi Subdivision and Baghmara Subdivision  into full fledged districts and also to create two more Subdivisions Mawthengkut and Pynursla for bringing administration nearer to the people. However, this proposal will largely depend on availability of fund.


80.    With a view to preventing infiltration of the extremist elements into the State, all possible steps have been taken with intensive patrolling of the international border and creation of watch posts, patrol posts and check gates. Two Battalions of the B.S.F. and one Battalion of Border Wing of the Home guards have also been deployed on the International boundary with Bangladesh and over vulnerable areas of the border. A special Squad  for checking and detecting cases of infiltrations in the State has been set up and the One Member Foreigners  Tribunal is continuing its work.


81.    The need for Cadastral Survey of un-surveyed lands in the State has been felt since long. Steps have been taken to process through the Autonomous District Councils and Survey  personnel placed at the disposal of the District Council authorities. Joint ground demarcation of the Inter-State boundary for a stretch of 110 kms was completed during 1991. Repair and restoration of damaged or missing International Boundary Pillars in Meghalaya-Bangladesh Sector has been continued and as per the decision of the recent Boundary Conference  between the officials of the governments of Meghalaya and Bangladesh, the work has been undertaken in Jaintia Hills-Sylhet sector w.e.f. 6th January, 1992


82.    Legal Aid Schemes both at the State and the District level have been implemented for providing legal services to the needy and the poor to enable representation of their cases before various Courts of Law so that justice is not denied  to them for want of money. Legal aid camps and seminars are also being organised with a view to educating the people of their rights and privileges.


83.    The Election Commission of India has issued orders for a summary revision of electoral rolls for 59 assembly constituencies in Meghalaya (except 52 Tura) with 1st January, 1992 as the qualifying date. The work started with publication of draft electoral roll and the last date of objections were 16th January, 1992.

84.    With dissolution of 9th Lok Sabha on 13th March 1991, in pursuance of notification of President of  India, elections of Lok Sabha was held peacefully  despite inclement weather. Bye-election to 52 Tura Assembly Constituency  was held on 16th  November, 1991.


85.    Besides the overall control and supervision of the working of the Employment Exchanges in the State, there are three general Industrial Training Institutes. In addition a new I.T.I. and an I.T.I. for women has also started functioning at Nongstoin and Shillong respectively. During the Eighth Plan Period, the Government proposes to open more I.T.I.s in the State so that trained manpower would be available for the all round development of the State. A number of other programmes such as the setting up of Vocational Guidance and EMI Unit, Coaching-CUM-Guidance Centre with incentives for S.C./S.T. trainees through the C.G.C., introduction of new trades in the existing  I.T.Is, etc., are on the anvil as per the Department's programme during the year 1992-93. The government also proposes to establish an industrial area in Jaintia Hills.


86.    The Labour Directorate have taken the task to get the employers, trade unions and the contractors registered and takes step for ensuring the payments of wages at the rates fixed by the Government under the Minimum Wages Act. For effective enforcement of the Government orders, District Implementation Committees have also been constituted over and above the strengthening of the enforcement machineries by the creation of the posts of Labour Officer and Labour Welfare and Development Officer. The practice of bonded labour is  non-existent in the State and the industrial front has been one of peaceful relationship between the managements and the labour force.

87.    The workers in the State are required to be covered by the Employees' State Insurance Scheme. they are provided with medical care and cash benefits in contingencies such as sickness, maternity confinements, employment injuries and death. Government proposes to set up Dispensaries at Byrnihat and Cherrapunjee for the benefits of the workers stationed in these places. Recognising the need for providing some degree of social security to the labourer, emphasis on Labour Welfare will continue.


88.    Orderly growth of Urban Centres and providing necessary infrastructures for healthy urban environment is coordinated by the department of Urban affairs. Rapid  urbanisation has led to traffic congestions and growth of slums and has strained infrastructure like water supply, power and housing facilities. Master Plan for Urban areas and District  and administrative headquarters, beside the implementation of the schemes for providing necessary  civic amenities would continue to be undertaken by the Department. The Master Plans for Shillong, Tura, Jowai have been completed and the Plans for Nongstoin and Williamnagar have been initiated.

89.    The Meghalaya Urban Development  Agency has also been set up and registered as a society in 1991, with the object of assisting the Local bodies and Municipal authorities and helping improve the economic conditions of the people through the implementation of the Nehru Rozgar Yojana. Assistance in the form of grants-in-aids to Municipal bodies and Urban Development Boards will continue.


90.    The involvement of the people of the State in the various plans and programmes of the State Government is a pre-requisite for tier successful implementation. To keep the public informed, Rural Integrated Information Centres have been set up. Exhibitions at District and Subdivisional levels are also organised. The State participated in the India International Trade Fair at New Delhi during November, 1991 and also the India Industrial Trade Fair at Calcutta in December, 1991 and January, 1992. In the 1992 Republic Day Celebration function at New Delhi the Meghalaya Tableau "Oranges" won Running Trophy Gold Prize.


91.    Continuous attention and effort would require to maintain efficiency and effectiveness in the Government. For this purpose, development  of infrastructure in terms of office accommodation at the State/District/Subdivisional headquarters  would continue. At the same time emphasis would be laid on modernisation and increasing efficiency. To encourage touring of field Officers to enable them to be in touch with ground realities, establishment and maintenance of Inspection  Bungalow/Rest Houses would be taken up, where necessary.  The Government also realise the need for providing appropriate Residential accommodation to its employees and would continue the programme for the same. All through emphasis would be placed on completion of spill-over schemes. While implementing the above programmes, the special responsibility of this Department, to ensure that its buildings are modern and functional, yet aesthetically pleasing and carefully blended with the overall beauty of the location where they are constructed  is recognised.

ACTURALS 1990-91

92.    During 1990-91 receipts and expenditure on all accounts  were Rs.1,010.62 crores and Rs.1,025.90 crores respectively, leaving a deficit of Rs.15,28 crores. The year which had opened with a negative opening cash balance of Rs.27.98 crores, the year closed with a deficit of Rs.43.26 crores.


93.    The total receipts during the year on all accounts are estimated at Rs.2,360.68 crores, while the expenditure is estimated at Rs.2,342.08 crores resulting in a surplus of Rs.18.60 crores.


94.    During the  year the receipts and expenditure on all accounts are estimated at Rs.2,408.09 crores and Rs.2,468.19 crores respectively leaving a deficit of Rs.60.10 crores. The broad details are indicated at Annexure II.


95.    To reduce estimated deficit to the extent possible, the following measures to raise additional resources are proposed :-

(i) Enhancement of the rate of Mineral Cess of Limestone, from the existing rate of Rs.2.80 p to Rs.5.00 per tonne.

(ii) Enhancement of the rate of Mineral Cess on Sillimanite from the existing rate of Rs.10,000 to Rs.100.00 per tonne,

(iii) to levy a tax on "Tobacco leaf and raw (Un-manufactured) tobacco.

(iv) Restructuring the name of taxable goods under the Scheduled attached to Meghalaya Finance (Sales Tax) Act and marginal enhancement of tax against some of the items.

(v) Enhancement of the rate of tax on timber from the existing rate of 40% to 50%.

(vi) Levies on the movement of round timber and rough square timber outside the State and also fees and penal provisions on the unauthorised establishment and operation of Saw Mills/Veneer Mills.

(vii) Increase the rate of gallonage fee on I.M.F.L. from Rs.24 to Rs.42 per case and on beer from Rs.6 to Rs.9 per case.

(viii) Increase on availability fee on I.M.F.L. from Rs.12 to Rs.21  per case and on beer from Rs.8 to Rs.12 per case.

(ix) Imposition of Registration fee on all brands of foreign liquor and beer manufactured or sold in Meghalaya.

(x) Raising of Teer Licensing fees from Rs.350 per quarter to Rs.500.

(xi) Imposition of road Cess at the rate of Rs.50 per truck carrying coal, timber, limestone and other forest produce for  regulation and efficient management of traffic to maintain the life of the community. Suitable legislation will be enacted for levying this tax.

(xii) Enhancement of Government Commission on supply of wooden sleepers to Railways to a minimum of 30%.

(xiii) Rationalisation of the auction procedure by Forest Department will ensure more revenue to the State.

96.    The above measures are expected to yield additional revenue of about Rs.9.74 crores. As in the current year, a number of measures aimed at improving financial discipline and control with particular focus on non-plan  expenditure will continue to be enforced. Simultaneously, efforts would be continued  to cut wasteful expenditure and to improve productivity  through a realistic assessment of man power requirements of different departments and restricting expenditure only to essential items. It would be ensured to the extent possible, that investment of plan funds  takes place in productive schemes yielding a maximum return in terms of economic growth, apart from generating resources. Government will continue endeavour to identify areas in each sector where the management of the schemes can be suitably streamlined to meet the above objective. I am confident that the support and cooperation of the Members  of this August House in our efforts to improve the finances of the State would be forthcoming.

97.    With these words,  Sir, the budget Estimates for 1992-93 is presented to this  August House for consideration and approval. But in view of the fact that we may not be in a position to deliberate fully, however to enable the Government to carry on with its duties and responsibilities and defray expenditure for the fist three months of the next financial year, I propose that the House may grant a Vote-on-account.



1991-92 AND 1992-93

 (Rs. in Lakhs)  
Sector            1991-92 1992-93


2. 3
I. Agriculture and Allied Services -
   Crop Husbandry 735.00 808.00
   Assistance to Small  Farmers/Marginal Farmers 75.00 75.00
   Soil and Water Conservation 590.00 600.00
   Animal Husbandry 300.00 400.00
   Dairy Development 41.00 50.00
   Fisheries 85.00 70.00
   Forestry and Wildlife Preservation 1400.00 1400.00
   Food Storage and Ware housing 15.00 17.00
Agriculture Research and education 23.00 25.00
   Investment in Agriculture Financial Institutions       1.00       1.00
   Other Agricultural Programme-
    (a) Marketing and Quality Control     72.00 110.00
    (b) Others  ......... ........
Co-operation : 600.00 200.00
 TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services 3937.00 3756.00
II  Rural Development 
Special Programme for Rural Development
(a) Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 150.00 192.00
(b) Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) 60.00 60.00
(c) Pilot Project for Village Development ........ ........
Rural Employment :-
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 116.00 125.00
Land Reforms 78.00 191.00
Community Development and Panchayats 298.00 362.00
State Centre for Research and Training in Rural Development.  10.00 10.00
TOTAL -II- Rural Development 712.00 940.00
III. Special Area Programme
     Border Area Development Programme 210.00 250.00
     Total - III - Border Area Development 210.00 250.00
IV. Irrigation and Flood Control
     Major and Medium Irrigation  52.00 260.00
     Minor Irrigation 555.00 680.00
Command Area Development 65.00 .......
       Flood Control Projects 66.00 200.00
Total-IV-Irrigation and Flood Control 738.00 1140.00
V. Energy -
     Power 3860.00 3899.00
     Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE) 60.00 75.00
 Total -V- Energy 3920.00 3974.00
VI. Industry and Minerals :-
      Village and Small Industries 123.00 135.00
       Sericulture and Weaving 113.00 125.00
      Industries (Other than Village and Small Industries) 407.00 630.00
      Mining  80.00 110.00
Total - VI- Industries and Minerals 723.00 1000.00
VII. Transport
        Roads and Bridges 3600.00 4640.00
        Road Transport 150.00 130.00
        Other Transport Services 80.00 85.00
 Total-VII-Transport 3830.00 4855.00
VIII. Science, Technology and Environment
Scientific Research including  Science and Technology 55.00 45.00
Ecology and Environment 20.00 50.00
Total-VII-Science, Technology and Environment 75.00 95.00
IX. General Economic Services
 Secretariat Economic Services 30.00 51.00
Tourism 178.00 350.00
Survey and Statistics 23.00 22.00
Civil Supplies 13.00 21.00
Weights and Measures 10.00 11.00
Total-IX-General Economic Services 254.00 455.00
Total-A--ECONOMIC SERVICES 14399.00 16465.00
X. Education, Sports, Arts and Culture
     General Education 2025.00 2122.00
     Technical Education 25.00 32.00
     Art and Culture 75.00 80.00
     Sports and Youth Services 275.00 300.00
Total-X-Education, Sports, Arts and  Culture 2400.00 2534.00
XI Health :-
     Medical and Public Health 760.00 790.00
Total-XI- Health 760.00 790.00
XII Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development:-
      Water Supply and Sanitation 1415.00 1670.00
      Housing General 286.00 302.00
      Police Housing ........ ....
     House Building advance ........ ....
     Urban Development 600.00 736.00
TOTAL -XII- Water Supply, Housing and Urban Development. 2301.00 2708.00
XIII. Information and  Publicity
     Information and Publicity 113.00 124.00
Total-XIII- Information and Publicity 113.00 124.00
XIV. Welfare of Schedule Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes.
       Welfare of Schedule Castes Scheduled Tribes and     Backward Classes. 2.00 7.00
Total-XIV-Welfare of Schedule Caste Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. 2.00 7.00
XV. Labour and Labour Welfare :-
       (a) Labour Welfare 5.00 5.00
       (b) Craftsmen Training 16.50 16.50
       (c) Employment Services 12.50 12.50
XVI. Social Welfare and Nutrition
Social Security and Welfare Nutrition 218.00 65.00
       (a) Special Nutrition Programme by Social Welfare Department ........ 170.00
       (b) Special Nutrition Programme by Community Development Department. ........ ----
       (c) Midday Meal Programme by Education Department ........ .......
Total -XVI- Social Welfare and Nutrition 218.00 235.00
XIV. Other Social Services-
     Aid  to Municipalities ...... .......
Total -XVII - Other Social Services ..... .......
Total -B-SOCIAL SERVICES 5828.00 6432.00
XVIII General Services :-
     Stationery and Printing 118.00 134.00
     Public Works 480.00 650.00
     Aid to District Councils 150.00 210.00
     Patrolling of National Highways -- --
     Administrative Training Institute 25.00 35.00
     Fire Protection services ....... 174.00
Total - XVIII - General Services 773.00 1203.00
Total-C-GENERAL SERVICES 773.00 1203.00
GRAND TOTAL 21000.00 241000.00



(Rs. in Lakhs)
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1991-92 1992-93
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-)35,86.37 (-)27,97.89 (-)12,50.11 (-)43,26.15 (-)24,66.59
Revenue Receipt 3,09,19.25 3,52,97.42 4,05,68.98 4,21,72.14 4,30,75.90
Capital under the Consolidated Fund 42,68.13 32,82.97 70,49.35 70,63.35 83,49.81
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 4,08.76 14,90.16 5,55.20 12,60.73 5,99.85
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 17,20,50.67 6,09,91.74 17,66,85.40 18,55,71.86 18,87,83.31
TOTAL RECEIPT 20,76,46.81 10,10,62.29 22,48,58,93 23,60,68.08 24,08,08.87
GRAND TOTAL 20,40,60.44 9,82,64.40 22,36,08.82 23,17,41.93 23,83,42.28
Revenue Expenditure 2,58,77.49 3,10,77.41 3,82,37.27 3,91,95.58 4,36,17.81
Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund 91,91.98 94,87.47 1,67,64.43 1,67,94.43. 1,78,05.10
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 4,08.91 14,90.16 5,55.20 12,60.73 5,99.85
Capital Expenditure under the Public Account 17,14.00.77 6,05,35.51 17,62,74.57 17,69,57.78 18,47,96.21
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 20,68,79.15 10,25.90,55 23,18,31.47 23,42,08.52 24,68,18.97
Closing Balance (-)28,18.71@ (-)43,26.15 (-)82,22.65 (-)24,66.59 (-)84,76.69
GRAND TOTAL 20,40,60.44 9,82,64.40 22,36,08.82 23,17,41.93 23,83,42.28
(a) In Revenue Account (+)50,41.76 (+)42,20.01 (+)23,31.71 (+)29,79.56 (-)5,41.91
(B) Outside Revenue Account (-)42,74.10 (-)57,48.27 (-)93,04.25 (-)11,17.00 (-)54,68.19
(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance (+)7,67.66 (-)15,28.26 (-)69,72.54 (+)18,59.56 (-)60,10.10

@ The closing balance of 1989-90 was (-) 28,18,71.003 as against the opening balance of (-) Rs.27,97,89.250  for 1990-91. A difference of Rs.20,81,783 was due to belated adjustment  by Accountant General Meghalaya in the Accounts of 1989-90.