Government of Meghalaya

Budget Speech

1995 96


Shri J. D. Pohrmen

Finance Minister, Meghalaya

27th March, 1995


Mr. Speaker Sir,

             It is my honour and privilege to present before this august house the Budget estimates for 1995-96.

NATIONAL ECONOMY :- There has been remarkable turn  around of the Indian economy in a relatively short period of three years. The grave crisis of 1991 has been overcome and macro-economic  stability restored. The process of economic  restructuring and reforms has succeeded in moving the economy on to a path of rapid, employment  generating growth fuelled by broad based recovery in industrial output, foodgrains production and exports. The year 1994-95 saw the fastest growth of the Indian economy in the last 4 years at 5.3% surpassing last two year's  growth rate of 4.3%. Industrial  production which virtually stagnated  in 1991-92, is expected to grow by 8% in 1994-95. Food grains production is expected to reach a record high of 185 million MT enabling the Government to build a public stock of foodgrains with the Central Pool at the record level of 31  million MT as against 14.7 million MT three years ago and to upgrade the food security system. Growth has created new employment opportunities. In 1992-93 and 1993-94, employment increased with about 6 million new jobs added each year which was twice as fast as in 1991-92. The increase is expected to be even higher in 1994-95.The apprehension that economic restructuring will increase unemployment has been proved to be unfounded. Liberalization of external trade and the new export policies have yielded good results. In 1994-95, exports have grown by over 17% in the first 10 months, following a 20% increase in 1993-94. Imports have also grown particularly of capital goods which will improve the efficiency and international competitiveness of our industries. The balance of payment situation is quite comfortable as the foreign  currency reserves stood at over 20 Billion US Dollars. The external deficit on current account is expected to be less than % in 1994-95 as against over 3% of GDP in 1990-91.            

            While these developments have been encouraging, it is noted with concern that inflation has surfaced again and is currently ruling around 10-11%. The persistence of fiscal deficits, sharp increase in procurement prices and continuing shortfall in output of commodities of mass consumption, such as sugar and oilseeds, have contributed to inflation.

            While presenting the Union Budget for 1995-96, the Union Finance Minister stated that the major tasks before  the Nation are to complete reforms in areas of taxation, trade and industrial policies, financial sector so as to raise the efficiency and competitiveness of the economy, to contain inflation on a priority basis, to correct the slippage in fiscal deficit, to remove constraints on further expansion of agricultural output, to revamp the Public Sector Enterprises, to strengthen and broaden the anti-poverty programmes, to deal with the problem of mass poverty and social deprivation, particularly in rural areas and to modernise the delivery systems of social services and to remove the present weakness of our infrastructure by larger investments in key infrastructure sectors like power and roads and greater  efficiency in the 'use of existing infrastructural facilities. It is, however, noticed that there has been no real increase in the level of Central Plan Assistance provided to the States which is proposed at Rs.19,506 crores in 1995-96 as against current year's allocation  of Rs.19,304 crores. It is hoped that this will not affect Central  Plan Assistance to Special Category  States of NER. However, it points to the need for efficient use of resources and for ensuring that  the fruits of all development schemes reach the intended beneficiaries.

STATE ECONOMY :- The year 1993-94 was  a difficult year for the state economy. A sharp deficiency and uneven distribution of rainfall caused decline in agricultural output. Foodgrains production remained at a low level of 1.49 lakh metric tons against the target of 1.74 lakh metric tons. the production of potato, a major cash crop, also suffered and stagnated at 1.18 lakh metric tons. The area and production of  cotton and horticultural crops and the estimated  net area sown in 1993-94 show a similar trend. There is however an increase in the area under  forest by about 3500 ha. Since the economy is predominantly agricultural, contributing about 32% to S.D. P., intensification of agricultural development schemes is needed to raise the output and  farm incomes which will be a major objective of the Annual Plan 1995-96.

            In the field of industries, there has been some progress particularly in the small scale sector in terms of increase in number of units from 1231 in 1988-89 to 1941 in 1992-93 investment in plant and machinery from Rs.608.66 lakh to Rs.1138.36 lakh and employment from7458 to 11212 persons. There has been a significant  increase in the output of coal, limestone and sillimanite in the last two years.

            The Provisional Net State Domestic Product at constant prices was estimated  at Rs.370.36 crores in the year 1992-93 whereas the Quick Estimates (QE) for 1993-94 was Rs.408.01 crores which indicate a growth of 10.6% over the year as against 7.50% of the previous year. The Net SDP at current prices for the year 1993-94  (QE) is estimated at Rs.1131.84 crores as against Rs.1070.72 crores in 1992-93 registering a growth of 5.71% whereas in the preceding year it was 13.22%.

            The Per Capita Income at Constant Prices (1980-81) was Rs.1995 in 1992-93 whereas in 1993-94 it was Rs.2136 (QE) showing a rise of 7.07% compared to 4.7% of the preceding year. the Per Capita Income at current prices works out at Rs.5926 (QE) in 1993-94 as against Rs.5769 in  1992-93 registering a growth of 2.72% as against 10.28% of the year earlier to it.

            Unemployment problem had been causing great concern to the State Government. According to the Live Registers of the Employment Exchanges of the State, the number of applicants seeking employment as on 31st December, 1992, 1993 and 1994 were 26481, 27604 and 27282 respectively. As per available statistics on educated  unemployed, the number of Engineering Graduates recorded  a gradual increase from 95 in 1993 to 106 in 1994 and the registered unemployed Agricultural Engineering post graduate holders has for the first time appeared in the Live Register with 2(two) in number.

            The total number of job seekers attaining Matriculation standard and Pre-University passed/Higher Secondary rose from 10,412 in 1993 to 11,529 in 1994.        

             A continuing feature of the State economy is the high cost of machinery, raw materials and services which means higher investment requirement for every development activity. Hence the imperative need of achieving efficiency  in resource use. The Consumer Price Index of Shillong centre on September, 1994 recorded the highest at 250 compared to the other selected centres of the country. Prices continued to show and upward trend during the year 1994 with the increase of both wholesale and retail prices of essential commodities. As the supplies of essential commodities in the state are mostly from outside, an increasing trend of prices is evident which may continue in 1995-96.    

PLANNING :- The approved outlay for the 8th Five Year Plan of Meghalaya is Rs.1029.00 crores. The expenditure during the first and the second year of the plan  were Rs.198.78 crores and Rs.195.14 crores respectively. The original approved  1994-95 Annual Plan outlay of Rs.281.00 crores has been revised to Rs.210.00 crores due to resource constraint. The revised outlay would include Rs.25.00 crores of additional Special Central Plan assistance sanctioned by the Planning Commission for four specific projects viz. : Beljek Airport, Tura (Rs.7.00 crores), Protection of Phulbari town from floods (Rs.10.50 crores), improvement of Jowai-Amlarem-Dawki Road (Rs.5.00 crores) and Dalu-Baghmara road (Rs.2.50 crores)

            The approved outlay for the Annual Plan 1995-96 of Meghalaya has been fixed at Rs.306.52 crores and during that penultimate year of the 8th plan, adequate thrust will be given for timely completion of on-going works in building up of infrastructure. The Annual Plan 1995-96 is also oriented towards strengthening of the rural economy by giving a very high priority on agriculture and allied activities which include horticulture, piggery, poultry, cattle and live-stock development. More emphasis will also be given to special rural programme. In the Irrigation sector, implementation of the Rongai Valley  Irrigation Project, improvement and modernisation of existing minor irrigation schemes will be taken up and in the flood Control sector, a scheme for construction of embankment for protection of Phulbari town from floods will be launched. In the Roads and Bridges sector, roads of high economic importance in the State will receive priority. In Education, besides elementary education, programmes under literacy  mission, vocational training and establishment of new Degree Colleges will be taken up. Health and Waster supply will also be given due priority during 1995-96 Annual Plan.

PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION :- The Programme Implementation Department is assigned the key role of monitoring, review and follow up action on the implementation of Plan Schemes of various Departments, including the twenty Point Programme  as one of its various functions. A computer Cell was also set up under the Department for Computerisation towards effective monitoring of  development programme etc. A Public  Enterprise Cell was set up under the Department with the object of performing nodal  functions for all State Public Enterprises, particularly in context of co-ordination of activities, adherence  to statutory provisions, review of Evaluation Unit etc. The Department  is conducting Evaluation studies on schemes selected for the purpose by the State Evaluation Committee, and as assigned by the Government from time to time, on the exigency of public interest. At present 8 studies have been undertaken.

AGRICULTURE :- Agriculture continues to be the main economic activity of the people of the State. It is anticipated  that  the gross cropped area at the end of the year 1994-95 would be 2.43 lakh hectares and the net cropped area 1.99 lakh hectares. It is expected that a target of gross cropped area of 2.47 lakh hectares would be achieved during the year 1995-96. The Eighth Five Year Plan outlay for Agriculture sector has been tentatively approved at Rs.3320 lakhs with an outlay of Rs.1433 lakhs for 1994-95 which is expected to be utilised fully except the proposals under E.A. P. Component. An amount of Rs.1171 lakhs has been tentatively earmarked during 1995-96. Priorities have been given to food grains production. The 1994-95, production target is 2.03 lakh metric tons while 2.07 lakh metric tons is the target  for 1995-96. To achieve this, various steps including development of existing rice fields by providing  irrigation facilities, supply of high yielding variety  seeds  plant protection measures etc. have been taken.

            The target of production of Potato has been fixed at 1.74  lakh MT during 1994-95 and this is  being raised to  1.74 lakh MT during 1994-95 and this is being raised to 1.75 lakh MT in 1995-96. Other commercial crops like jute, mesta, cotton, pulses, are being provided coverage in the developmental schemes. The development of required infrastructure for processing of mushroom and tea is being followed up.

            Horticulture production  in the State during the year 1994-95 is expected to be 2.61 lakh metric tonnes, the target for 1995-96 is being fixed at 3.01 lakhs metric tonnes. Steps are being taken to boost  horticulture production by extension of areas under fruits trees and plantation crops, popularisation of Poly houses for growth of vegetables, floriculture, strengthening orchard management, extension of credit facility at concessional rate and strengthening of marketing support etc.

            Consumption of fertilizer has been fixed at the level of 8000 metric tonnes of N.P.K. for 1994-95 and the proposed target for the year 1995-96 is 8100 metric tonnes.

            National Watershed Development Projects are being implemented in 8 micro watersheds of the State under the Central Sector scheme.

             The establishment of State Agricultural Marketing Board with its Secondary Regulated market at Mawiong and Garobadha will help the growers substantially. The department is considering establishment of cold storage at two places in the State, one 'AGMARK' laboratory and expansion of the Fruit Processing units.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY :- In the field of economic development particularly in the rural areas of Meghalaya, Animal Husbandry has significant role to play. Livestock Poultry and Dairy Farming have tremendous potential for generating self-employment. In order to help the people and educated unemployed youth to take up Dairy, Piggery and Poultry Farming, a substantial amount of fund is provided as subsidy. Out of the outlay of Rs.600 lakhs under Animal Husbandry and Rs.76 lakhs for Dairy Development for 1995-96 an amount of Rs.150 lakhs and Rs.10 lakhs  respectively have been earmarked as subsidy for employment generation schemes. During 1994-95, 241 beneficiaries under the scheme for Special Livestock Breeding Programmes and 73 educated unemployed youth were assisted to take up Dairy Farming, Piggery and Broiler production.

            All existing  Farms and Feed Mills are being strengthened  to provide assured supply of inputs for employment generation schemes. Short training courses are provided for farmers at Kyrdemkulai and Tura. A network of Veterinary Dispensaries and Aid Centres have been established all over the State to provide the much needed facilities for Animal health cover.

FISHERIES :- Against the approved outlay of Rs.114.00 lakhs during 1994-95, an amount of Rs.135.00 lakhs is proposed for the year 1995-96 for fishery development schemes in the State. During 1993-94, main thrust was given on production of fish and fish seeds both in departmental and private Farms. It is anticipated that 2 million fish seeds would  be produced during the year 1994-95. During 1995-96, the department has fixed the target of production 2 million numbers of fish seeds. With a view to augment fish production in private sector, the department has taken up schemes for developmental of both capture and culture Fisheries by providing  financial assistance to individuals and Cooperatives. The Kyrdemkulai and Nongmahir reservoirs are being developed for culture and capture fishing under a N.E.C. scheme.

            The fish production target for the year 1994-95 of 4.05 MT is expected to be achieved in full. The target for 1995-96 has been fixed at 4.35 MT.    

            The department has recently taken up a new scheme viz. ; Fish-cum-Piggery-Duckery-Poultry Farming and the department is expecting an increased production. Construction of mini barrages in the private sector has been continued to popularise the fish culture and to augment the Farm incomes. A new scheme namely, subsidised cost of feed for fish, pigs, ducks and poultry in the integrated fishery programme has been introduced to assist the fish farmers. About 100 fish  farmers are expected to derive benefits from the scheme. The Fish Farmers Development Agency has been made operational in all the districts of the State.

COOPERATION :- The Cooperative Movement in the state still remains under-developed. State Government support is, therefore, needed with a view to strengthen the Movement as a viable instrument of overall socio-economic development. The programmes of the Department for the year 1995-96 have been suitably adjusted to achieve this objective. The initiatives launched by the District Level Promotional committees are being further consolidated. Cooperative Societies at the Village Level are being integrated to promote self-help and collectivism. Adequate importance is being given to the growth and development Fund of the State is being further consolidated.

            Government has signed a memorandum of understanding with the NABARD and Meghalaya Cooperative Apex Bank Ltd. for improving the chennelisation of credit  in the Cooperative sector. Steps are also being taken for restructuring of the Meghalaya consumers Cooperative Federation Ltd. with a view to strengthen the cooperative marketing set up in the State. The Garo Hills Cooperative Cotton Ginning and Oil Mills Ltd. has started procurement of cotton as an agent of Cotton corporation of India during the current season. Works for modernisation of the mill are also nearing completion. Cooperative education and training programmes  are also being restructured for achieving faster growth under the Cooperative Sector. Some important areas of the Cooperative Movement are also proposed to be brought under the Computerised management information system.

FOREST :- It is encouraging to note that the ecological component of the Forest is gaining momentum in relation to economic and commercial component. To ensure the protection of water, soil, climate and wild life through forest  conservation, a number of steps have been taken. To restore the ecology and overall upgradation of environment and to boost the agricultural economy of the State the following action plan has been put into practice :-

            (1) Providing intensive tree cover over the degraded waste land available in the State through the agency of Social  Forestry Wing. An area of 2000 hectares are likely to come under this activity during 1995-96.

            (2) Conservation of existing Reserved Forests and Protected Forests to maintain biotic diversity of the State.

            (3) Parallel speeding up of coordinated air and water pollution control is being pursued to mitigate the hazard of pollution, especially, in Urban areas.

            (4) Eco-Development in forest areas on the periphery of wild life protected areas is receiving special attention of the State  Government.

            (5) To promote the processing of raw  materials within the State in order to achieve value addition and offer employment avenue to the local people.

SOIL CONSERVATION :- Meghalaya, being a hilly state with undulating terrain and high rainfall poses problems of soil erosion due to primitive and destructive land use practices such as jhuming, ill-managed steep slope cultivation, uncontrolled deforestation, wild-fire intensive grazing  and unplanned mining and quarrying. All these have accelerated soil erosion with adverse effects on the overall economic condition of the people. As a consequence, increasing emphasis is now being laid on scientific  management of land resources in a manner that ensures optimal utilisation  keeping in view conservation and environmental protection needs. The Department has therefore envisaged  multi-purpose schemes.  These are:-

        (1) Terracing

        (2) Stream bank erosion control works.

        (3) Water harvesting.

        (4) Water Conservation and distribution.

        (5) Afforestation of degraded land.

        (6) Cash Crop Development works.

        (7) Research and Training, etc.

            Against the total 8th Plan tentative outlay of Rs.2440 lakhs, a provision of Rs.650 lakhs has been made for the year 1995-96.

COMMUNITY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT :- The Community & Rural Development Department plays a key role in accelerating the development activities in the rural areas of the state with a special thrust on poverty-eradication. All the programmes under this sector aim at providing benefits to the rural people through their active participation for the creation of durable community assets for upliftment of the socio-economic life of the people. The strategy adopted by the Department to achieve the aforesaid goals, is through State Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes. The Eighth Plan approved outlay for this programme is Rs.1052.00 lakhs. During 1994-95 an outlay of Rs.410.00 lakhs has been provided. An outlay of Rs.500.00 lakhs has been fixed for 1995-96. Under this sector priorities are given to construction of roads, small bridges, provision of sanitation, education, water supply etc.

            Apart from the State Sector Schemes,  Special Programme like I.R.D.P. is being implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The approved outlay is Rs.300.00 lakhs during 1995-96. This scheme is implemented through  D.R.D.A. which aims at raising the families living below the poverty line by providing a package assistance including subsidy and institutional credits through Banks.

            Employment generation under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana Programme  has been  encouraging. Under this, thirty percent of the employment benefit is reserved for women. During 1995-96 a tentative outlay of Rs.100.00 lakhs has been approved against Rs.79.00 lakhs during 1994-95. Another new scheme, known as Employment Assistance Scheme was taken up in 1993-94 with the objective of providing gainful employment to the rural  poor during lean agricultural season for which an amount of Rs.115.00 lakhs has been earmarked for 1995-96 as against Rs.96.00 lakhs in 1994-95. Project costs of both Jawahar aRozgar Yojana and Employment Assistance Schemes are shared between the Central and the State Governments on 80:20 basis.

            Special Rural Works Programme was taken up 1990-91 by channelising certain funds out of Plan allocations of different development departments  to actively involve the rural people in the developmental process right from the grass-roots  level upto the implementing  stages. An amount of Rs.600.00 lakhs has been provided for the programme during the year 1995-96.

            Another important programme is Construction of Rural roads which undertakes improvement of rural road net-work by active participation of rural people for which an amount of Rs.160.00  lakhs has been fixed as annual outlay for  1995-96.

            Besides the above programmes, other schemes, like, strengthening of State Institute for research and Training in  Rural  Development, Assistance to Small and Marginal Farmers, Rural Sanitation Schemes are  also  contributing significantly towards rural development.

INDUSTRIES :- In 1971 Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation was set up by the Government. The Corporation has been playing a vital role in the field of industrial growth in the State. Depending on the merit of each case, the MIDC participates in the equity capital of new industries. Over the years, the Corporation has invested in equity and preference share in 19 Companies involving a total amount  of Rs.663.10 lakhs. Provision of Rs.250.00 lakhs  has been earmarked to meet the gap in re-financing by SIDBI/IDBI. The first phase of reactivation of MCCL  Plant has  been completed and the production stepped up to 680 MT. per day. To cope with  the increased production, a much higher quantity of lime stone would be required and for which additional, mining machinery would be procured. For this, there is a Plan allocation  of Rs.50  lakhs. The Government has allowed ACC Ltd. in the private sector to set up a Cement Plant at Siju in South Garo Hills  District with an investment of Rs.260 crores.

            In the small scale sector, the policy of the Government continues to be promotional in nature and the DICs have to play an important role as Nodal Agencies. Earlier DICs schemes  were funded on a 50:50 basis between the Central  and the State Government. Now, that the scheme has been transferred to the State Plan, a  provision of Rs.71.00 lakhs has been provided to meet the establishment cost including the new DICs for Ri-Bhoi and South Garo Hills Districts.

            Under the promotional scheme of action Plan, the DIC Organisation conducts entrepreneurship motivation and development programmes. Under the schemes (i) Package scheme of incentives, (ii) Grant-in-aid to passed out trainees, units and persons are granted direct assistance. A new scheme "Awareness Programme" has been introduced with an allocation of Rs.5.00 lakhs.

            A provision of Rs.40.00 lakhs has been earmarked for the State Khadi and Village  Industries Board. The Board is rendering services and support in the trades of Bee-keeping, Pottery, Carpentry, Blacksmithy etc. Besides these activities, the department has made provisions for Meghalaya  Handloom and Handicraft  Development corporation, National Scheme for Prime Minister Rozgar Yojna Export Promotional programmes and so on.

POWER :- Meghalaya has considerable hydro potential for generation of electric power. Out of the available potential of about 2500 MW, only 185 MW of hydel potential could be harnessed so far.

            The only ongoing generation project under  8th Plan is  the Composite Scheme Umiam Umtru Stage IV HEP (2x30 MW) with  Upper Khri Division  of which Stage IV portion has been already commissioned. The works on Upper Khri portion could not be started due to land acquisition problem.

            Under new generation, 8th Plan allocation was Rs.550.00 lakhs for taking up initial works of Lerishka Stage I HEP, Lakhro Micro HEP, Galwang MIcro HEP and Ganol Micro. HEP. During  1994-95 an amount of Rs.200.00  lakhs  was provided against the schemes. No expenditure on new generation scheme could be incurred during the year due to financial constraint. A token amount of Rs.50.00 lakhs has been proposed for Leishka State I HEP during 1995-96.

            For maximizing benefits from the existing installed capacity, the Board has  undertaken renovation and modernisation of its existing hydro-generating units. Japan Consulting  Institute has recently inspected the machines of Umiam State I and Stage II and submitted a report. The report is under scrutiny of Central Electricity Authority. Another proposal of up-rating Umiam Stage III is under consideration. An  amount of Rs.1000.00 lakhs has been proposed for 1995-96 against this scheme.

            In transmission and  distribution of power supply a major scheme of modification, augmentation and extension of 132 KV Grid Sub-Station  and Power Station Switchyard  and the  construction of new 132 KV transmission lines have been prepared. This scheme is under implementation. Work on augmentation and  modification of power Station Switchyard  at Stage I and Stage II and at Mawlai Sub-Station have been completed. It is anticipated that the balance work at Khliehriat Sub-Station and Umtru Power Station could be completed by March, 1995 loop in and loop out. A Master Plan for strengthening and improvement of the new  transmission and distribution system of Meghalaya  is under execution during 8th Plan. An allocation of Rs.1015.00 lakhs has been earmarked during 1995-96.

            The performance of Me.S.E.B. in the field of Rural Electrification work is not encouraging. Following  inability of Me.S.E.B. to service loans taken earlier due to continuing failure of the A.S.E.B. to pay its dues to Me.S.E.B. amounting to Rs.54 crores, there is an acute problem of cash flow for implementing Rural Electrification Programme. An amount  of Rs.950.00 lakhs is provided against a target of 100 village under rural electrification during 1995-96

            Emphasis has been laid on the works of harnessing various New and Renewable Sources of Energy. So far 78,959 of Solar Water Heating System has already been installed. Emphasis on decentralised electricity generation through solar photovoltaic, Micro hydel schemes shall also continue. Programme of cooking energy through the use of Solar cookers, Biogas, improved chullahs is continuing. Government of India has sanctioned the Galwang and Rongap micro  hydel projects at an estimated cost  of Rs.68.00  lakhs and Rs.62.00 lakhs respectively. Project Reports on four more micro hydel projects including Synrang and Umshara have been submitted to Government of India and expected to be implemented during 1995-96.

MINING AND  GEOLOGY :- The State is rich in mineral wealth. The major minerals which are presently exploited are coal, limestone, clay and sillimanite. During the year 1994-95 nine  investigation  programmes were taken up. During 1995-96 exploration programme including  ground  water investigation studies are proposed to be under taken.

            The Department ha s collected revenue to the tune of Rs.6.45 crores during the first  three quarters of this financial year on minerals. Consequent upon the revision of rates of royalty of coal by Government of India, Meghalaya enforced the same with effect from 15th January 1995 @Rs.120/- per tonne for Run of Mine coal and Rs.150/- per tonne on Hand picked coal. this step is expected to enhance the revenue of the State to Rs.36.38 crores during 1995-96. Following enforcement of aforesaid rate of royalty, the Government has stopped realisation of cess on coal under Meghalaya Mineral cess Act. 1988.

            A total outlay of Rs.2.63 crores including loan component has been earmarked during Annual Plan 1994-95. During 1995-96 an amount  of Rs.174 lakhs has been proposed which includes Rs.50.00 lakhs  for M.M.D.C. Coal Depot at Jorabat and capital expenditure for completion of Analytical Laboratory Building at aRisa Colony in Shillong. A proposal for handing over coal mining at Nangalbibra presently operated by  M.I.D.C. to M.M.D.C. is in the offing and fund  has been earmarked for development of those existing coal amines. Investigation of Granite Rock around Nongpoh under N.E.C. Scheme will continue in 1995-96.

EDUCATION :- There has been substantial expansion of educational facilities, particularly after the attainment of Statehood. In line with the national policy to provide education to all children up to the age of 14 years. Primary Schools were sent up in the rural areas within the walking distance. During the year, 400 additional posts of teachers were created to cater to School-less villages bringing a total of 900 teachers under the State Plan. The School infrastructure was further improved when 300 Primary School buildings and 700 additional classrooms were constructed. Taking  over of District Council Lower Primary Schools was made effective from 2.6.94 by a legislation. About 300 Primary Teachers were given 1 year training in Teachers Training Institute and an equal number were given short in-service training by SCERT.

            Sixty High Schools  were assisted for construction of school buildings at the rate of Rs.1 lakhs each. In the higher education sector, 17 schools were allowed  to open class Eleven in one stream only and during current financial year one more stream is being added to these schools. Thirteen more schools are being provided with facilities for conducting higher secondary courses to ease the rush of students in the Urban colleges. In respect  of Adult Education, 600 Adult Education Centres have been set up and 450 Jana Shikshan Nilayam i.e. Village Libraries for dealing with the  problem of literacy in the State.

            During 1995-96 , in the field of Elementary Education, it is proposed to provide schooling facilities in school less Villages as indicated by VIth All India Educational Survey to take care of children without schooling facilities. It is also proposed to construct 300 School buildings for Primary and Upper Primary and similar number of additional classrooms. In the field of Adult Literacy, Total Literacy Campaigns will be taken up in three districts. It is proposed to start a second stream in 17  Higher Secondary Schools. Establishment of one more Polytechnic at Tura has been proposed.

ART AND CULTURE :- In the field of preservation and promotion of cultural heritage, Library Service and Anthropological research, the Department of Art & Culture has taken steps in building infrastructure. Construction of State level Cultural Complex has been started. The Museum Building in the State Capital is nearing completion. Auditorium at Jowai  has been completed.

            The protection of Archaeological findings at Bhaitabari has been taken up by the Department.

            Besides Cultural Festival of indigenous dance and music, a Poets' meet and painting competition were organised where reputed artists from other States took part. The Department is going to publish Garo Hills and Jaintia Hills gazetteers which will be of historical value. Research has been undertaken on Sub-tribe of Meghalaya and Clanship in Jaintia Hills.

SPORTS AND YOUTH AFFAIRS :- Sports activities and participation of Tribal Youths in various sports have increased in a significant manner. The State Government's patronage of sports has already produced an impact among the youths of  Meghalaya. Our Government is giving liberal stipends and tuition fees to the deputed trainees who undergo training in different Physical  Education Institutions in India. Under the Youth Welfare Programme, the students are motivated to join the NCC, NSS,  Youth Leadership Training, Youth Welfare Activities, Mass Rallies, Bharatiyam for children,  Youth Camps etc. In the Track and Field areas, the State Government is giving grant-in-aid  to different Sports Association for holding and conducting of Sports meets, construction of outdoor and indoor stadia, improvement of play grounds etc.

            Highest priority is accorded to build up sports infrastructure and  facilities right from the village level to State level. Out of 33  projects undertaken, 6(six) projects have been  completed, such as, first phase of Jawaharlal Nehru Sports Complex, Polo Ground, Shillong Indoor Sports Hall at Shillong and Tura, Squash Court at Shillong etc. The Department has rendered financial  assistance to 212 Sports Associations/Clubs for development of playfields. Besides these, the Department is organising various tournaments, such as, National Sports Talent Contest for the children below 12 years of age, preliminary football  match for selecting boys for the Subroto Cup etc. The Sports Authority of India has also set up the Special  Project Development Area Centre through which  free education, lodging and food are provided to trainees in the disciplines of Athletics, Archery and football for the age group of 14 year old youths.

            The achievements of the Department include bagging of medals for Sub-Junior National Archery Championship and selection of a Meghalaya pugilist for Indo-Sri Lanka boxing Tournament.

            To revamp the youth activities on constructive lines, the Government have decided to launch a special programme as Chief Minister's Youth Development Programme with an outlay of Rs.25.00 lakhs in 1995-96.

SOCIAL WELFARE :- Implementation of schemes for Welfare of women, children, physically handicapped, juvenile delinquents, aged and infirm are main activities of the Social Welfare Department. Voluntary Organisations engaged in various welfare activities are also provided with financial assistance by the Department. Prosthetic aids, vocational training, award of scholarships to the handicapped are being extended.   

            There are 27 ICDS projects functioning in the State. During 1995-96, 3 more projects will be opened. These projects are implemented through Anganwadi workers. The package of services provided in ICDS projects are non formal education, nutrition, health checkup, referral services etc. Under the old age pension scheme, 2063 aged persons have been sanctioned pension during 1994-95. 835 needy children are provided with food, shelter, clothing, education through 24 Voluntary Organisations. Three  Training Centres for self employment of women at Shillong, Tura and Jowai continue to impart training to 105 women in weaving, tailoring, knitting and embroidery for a period of one year. Besides such training, the Department imparts training in fruit  and vegetable preservation in four batches in a year. Negotiations with Tata Consultancy Services have been initiated for preparation of project reports for identification of training areas for new avenues of self employment simultaneously identifying market both within and outside the State.

            The total budget proposed for 1995-96 under Social Welfare is Rs.95.00 lakhs and Rs.238.00 lakhs for Nutrition.

HOUSING :- In the International year of Shelter for the houseless observed in 1987, Government decided to provide shelter to shelter less families by the year 2001. Though the number of shelter less families is low in Meghalaya, two thirds of the houses are of temporary nature and need to be replaced by more durable structures. It is estimated that there are about 1.6 lakh of such houses which need replacement. To achieve the goal, a loan-cum-subsidy scheme for economically weaker section/Low income group people is being implemented and altogether 10,872  families were covered till 1993-94. Government is also providing Grant-in-aid in the form of G.C.I. Sheets to very poor rural houseless people under the Rural Housing Scheme. There is no separate scheme for SC/ST as 95% of the our beneficiaries belong to those categories.

HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE :- The State is committed to the programme parameters of the national  policy of 'Health for All by 2000 A.D'. During the year, concerted efforts have been made complete the ongoing and spill over programmes connected with the establishment of 13 Community Health Centres, 20 Primary Health Centres and 6 Sub-Centres. The Sub Centres have been completed and works connected with the 13 CHCs  and 20 PHCs are in an advanced stage of completion. These will be completed by September, 1995. In addition, 2 CHCs and 2 PHCs are being sanctioned during 1994-95 and one more CHC and one more PHC will be sanctioned during 1995-96. With the completion of works connected with the creation of infrastructure, the efforts of the Department of Health & Family Welfare would be directed  towards equipping all CHCs, PHCs and Sub-Centres and upgrading the facilities available on these Centres for  rural health care.

            The  construction of the OPD Complex of the Civil Hospital, Shillong is in advanced stage of completion and the Complex will be commissioned during 1995-96. This will enable the Department to provide better facilities and conveniences for the investigation of outdoor Patients at Civil Hospital, Shillong. The  new Operation Theatre Complex and the new Pediatric Wing of the Ganesh Das Hospital, Shillong have also been completed. These will be equipped and commissioned during 1995-96 with  a view to provide better Obstetric & Gynecological services, as well as Child Care & Pediatric Services.

            The Maternity, Child Health & Family Welfare programmes are also being implemented with concerted vigour and the State has achieved crude Birth-Rate, crude Death-Rate and Infant-morality ratios which compare well with all India norms.

            The State AIDS  Cell has been implementing the National AIDS Control Programme according to guidelines laid down by the National AIDS Control Organisation. Phase III and Phase IV of the programme which consisted of training of different levels of field personnel is being completed within 1994-95 as scheduled by NACO. Suitable steps will be taken to upgrade Blood Safety, STD  Control and Safe Sex Programmes during 1995-96, as per NACO  guidelines.

            Keeping in view the resurgence of Malaria in the North Eastern region, steps have been taken to strengthen existing anti-Malaria Programmes. The programme has become fully centrally funded with effect from December, 1994 except for cost of existing establishment which continues to be borne by the State Government.        

            District Leprosy Societies have been set up according to the revised All India Guidelines, 1994 for strengthening the implementation of the national Leprosy Control Programme.

            All other national health care programmes are also being implemented with equal vigour within existing constraints.

PUBLIC WORKS :- Road Transport is the main stay of all development activities in this state. There is no navigable river and road transport is the only means of surface communications. Up to the end of the rolling Plan (1990-91, 1991-92) the State Public Works Department has achieved a total road length of 5893.04 Kms. of which 2484.08 Kms is surfaced road with a road density of 25.92 Km/100 Sq.Km. which is far below the national average of 48.79/100 Sq. Km. The need for a larger road network therefore has engaged attention of the State Government as well as Central Government  and due consideration has been given in 8th Five Year Plan (1992-97) to improve the road network in the State. During the 1st and 2nd year of the 8th Plan the State Public Works Department has further increased the  total road length to 6234.723 Kms. of which 2953.40 kms. are surfaced road with a road density of 27.81 km/100

            During the current financial year the Public Works Department has an approved outlay of Rs.5300.00 lakhs out of which Rs.1000.00 lakhs has been earmarked under Loan and EAP Components. The Department excepts to extend the road length upto 6358.04 Kms. with an increase in road density upto 28.34/100 Sq. Km. There is an approved outlay of Rs.900.00 lakhs in 1994-95 under N.E.C. scheme with  fixed target of achieving formation cutting of new roads upto 30 km along with reconstruction of 29 bridges, 2 culverts and 19 Kms of pavement works.

            In regard to National Highways, the proposal for construction of Bye-passes at Shillong and Jowai has already been accepted in principle by the Ministry of Surface Transport Government of India, but the estimates are yet to be sanctioned. The approved outlay for 1994-95 is Rs.475.00 lakhs with a target to improve 7 kms of roads with bridges and culverts.

            The Building Wing is at present functioning with three working Civil Divisions and one Electrical Division with one circle. This wing has taken up some important buildings for which sanction has already been accorded. These are (1) Construction Yojana Bhavan at Shillong with  a provision of 250 sitting capacity Conference Hall. (2) Integrated Office Complex at Nongpoh which is a new concept to establish a mini secretariat building for Ri-Bhoi District which will accommodate most of the Departments in one unit. (3) construction  of a Second Meghalaya House at Calcutta (4) Construction of Office building of the D.G.P. which is in steady progress.

PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING :- Provision of health cover and sanitation being the basic needs of society, Public Health Engineering Department ahs to play a vital role in providing drinking  water supply and Sanitation facilities in both rural and urban areas. rural areas are covered under the minimum Needs Programmes, Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme and Technology Mission. Under rural Water Supply Programme  the department has covered 5108 villages upto 93-94 and 324  habitations are expected to be covered during 1994-95. It is proposed to take up 261 villages during 1995-96. Besides, there are 2014 habitations which were  covered partially, some of these will be taken up during 1995-96.   

            In regard to Urban Water Supply Programme, the Greater Shillong Water Supply Scheme has been partially completed with the capacity to deliver 50 lakh gallons of drinking water per day which is less than the projected capacity of 11.3 mgd. The construction of the main Dam is still to be taken up and the distribution network under Phase-II  is yet to be completed. Due to increase of population, augmentation schemes for Tura, Jowai and Nongstoin have been taken up. A provision of Rs.10 crores in the MNP and 5.30 crores under ARWSP during 1994-95 has been made and the same amount under MNP is proposed for 1995-96. Under the Sanitation Programme  so far 9528 units of sanitary latrines in rural areas have been constructed. Rs.35 lakhs under MNP and Rs.25.34 lakhs under Central Sector during 1994-95 are available for such work, while in 1995-96 Rs.70 lakhs under MNP & Central Sector has been proposed.

TRANSPORT :- In absence of direct rail link, road transport plays a pivotal role in linking the rural hinter land with the main stream of national development and thus sustain socio-economic life of the people. Private operators in the State are not properly organised and unable to serve people to the desired level, particularly, in the interior areas. Since its inception from October, '76 the Meghalaya Transport Corporation has been providing the essential transport service to the people. The revenue of the Corporation was Rs.44.88 lakhs in 1976-77 which has increased to Rs.406.25 lakhs in 1993-94. In order to further strengthen and rationalise the operations of the Meghalaya Transport Corporation, a provision of Rs.250.00 lakhs has been made for the year 1995-96. A major component of this will be utilised for replacement of the over-aged fleet. It has been providing financial assistance by way of subsidy @ 10% of the cost of the vehicle subject to maximum of Rs.50,000 to unemployed youth belonging to Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes for purchase of Bus/Three wheelers to operative services. During 1994-95 , Rs.2 lakhs is expected to be utilised. In 1995-96 also, Rs.2 lakhs has been provided for this scheme. Financial assistance is also being extended to voluntary Organisations for running School Bus Services.

            Three driving schools have been set up at Shillong, Jowai and Tura during the 8th Plan. this will promote better and safer driving habits in the long run. A provision of Rs.3.00 lakhs has been provided for 1995-96 for these schools.

TOURISM  :- In recent years, tourism in Meghalaya has picked up momentum . Having vast potential in this sector, the Department is taking steps to attract  the tourists from all parts of the country which will generate direct and ancillary employment to local people. the Department  has concentrated on completion of all the on-going  schemes and development  of some tourist spots, publicity & marketing  etc., within the revised budget estimate of Rs.300.00 lakhs. During 1995-96 the Department proposes to develop Tourist Spots, completion  of construction of Crow borough Hotel in Shillong. Wayside Amenities at Mawsynram, and of some tourist Lodges in important places within the budget outlay of Rs.400.00 lakhs.

FOOD AND CIVIL SUPPLIES :- The State is fully covered by the Public Distribution System. Special stress has been given in the tribal and desert areas by the  Government of India through the scheme of Revamped P.D.S. for supply of foodgrains at subsidised rates. Meghalaya being  a State predominantly inhabited by the tribals, is included in the Integrated Tribal Development Project for such subsidised supply of food grains. At present we have 3711 Fair Price Shops which include 3114 Fair Price Shops  in rural and border Areas and 597 Nos in Urban Areas besides  44 Retail Cooperative Societies. Steps to streamline the supply of essential commodities are continuously being taken. It is  proposed to gradually extend the issue of Family Identity Cards to all consumers in the Sub-Divisional Headquarters and other areas in the State. The State Government receives monthly allocation of State Government receives monthly allocation of Rice, Wheat, S.K. Oil and Levy Sugar from the Central  Government. Due to the enhancement of rice allocation from Government of India from December, 1994, the scale of supply per head has  been raised from 4.4. Kgs. to 5.25 kgs. per months. To Monitor the proper distribution  to consumers, Vigilance Committees in all Districts and Sub-Divisions have been constituted.

            For better protection of the rights of consumers, a State Commission for consumers' disputes at the State Level has been set up with a sitting Judge of the Gauhati High Court as its President and two prominent citizens as members. At the grass-roots level, a forum to entertain complaints from consumers has been  set up at every district headquarters. Efforts are made to promote consumer awareness programmes throughout the State.    

REVENUE :- Revenue Department is making efforts to Cadastrally survey the land in the State and for enabling people in availing financial loans etc., from financial Institutions. The Cadastral survey work is being done by the Autonomous District Councils.

            In relation to the inter-State boundary with Assam, the Government is trying to find an amicable solution through discussion with the Government of Assam at various  levels.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES :- The Department of Weights and Measures-Cum-Legal Metrology in the State is implementing the provision of the Meghalaya Standard of Weights and Measures Acts and Rules along with the Standard of Weights and Measures  (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 1977. the function of the Department of Weights and Measures is statutory and regulatory in nature. The enforcement works in the field include annual verification and stamping of Weights and  Measures, Weighing and Measuring instruments used in the transactions of the trade which also involves realisation of fees for the service rendered as per rates prescribed under the Act. The field officers not only carry out verifications, stampings and re-verification works but also undertake surprise checks inspections  and launching of prosecution against the defaulters in different places in the Districts and Sub-Divisional Headquarters to protect the consumers from the unscrupulous traders. Consumers protection is also one of the activities of the Department entrusted by the Central Government under point No.17 of the 20  Point Programmes. Registration of users of Weights & Measures is also carried out once in 5 years by the Inspectors of Weights and Measures in their respective jurisdiction.

BORDER AREAS DEVELOPMENT :- With a view to uplift the economic condition of the people of the border areas, a special developmental programme has been under implementation since the  Fourth Five Year Plan. As per the recommendation of the Working Group of Planning Commission, the Department has concentrated on education,  road  communication, soil conservation, cooperation sector through the respective departments. the Department directly operates the border areas marketing, improvement of cultural and sports activities, Agro-Customs village Development Boards etc. Among these programmes, road sector has been given the highest priority and an amount of Rs.98.00 lakhs  has been set aside for 1995-1996. For border area marketing scheme an allocation of Rs.25.00 lakhs to boost up the Border Trade is earmarked. In the agricultural sector, schemes have been taken up for introduction of horticultural crops, provision  of irrigation facilities and loan-cum-subsidy for purchase of power tillers.

PRINTING AND STATIONERY :- The main function of the Printing and Stationery Department is to take up printing  of Government matters including projection of the State as well as supply of stationery to all departments including all types of forms. The department has undertaken to modernise the Government Press at Shillong and Tura and a sum of Rs.12.00 lakhs has been proposed for purchase of modern machinery and  equipments. The Department has not only taken up modernisation of the Government Press, but also steps for construction of residential quarters for its staff at Tura at a cost of Rs.22.50 lakhs during 1995-96.

             Construction of on-going multi-storied building at Shillong is expected to be completed during this current financial  year. The Government Branch Press at Tura is being modernised by inducting Desk Top Publishing Unit  with Laser Printer, Process Camera, etc. Sophisticated M.M.T. Offset has also been inducted in the main Press at Shillong.

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION :- The shortage of office and residential accommodation at the State, District and Sub-Divisional Headquarters has been receiving the due attention of the Government. The General Administration Department through P.W.D. is taking up construction of buildings for both administrative and residential purposes. A Master plan is being  drawn up by the department for this purpose.

HOME (POLICE) :- The various agitational programmes chalked out by Organisations like the K.S.U. and FKJGP in 1994 were mostly confined in the Shillong City and had no impact in other parts of the State. The activities of the anti-socials were firmly dealt with an in most cases the culprits were apprehended. A major milestone in the law and order scenario was the surrender of ALMA in  December, 1994. the Overall situation remained peaceful throughout the State during 1994. Impressive progress was achieved towards modernisation of the Police Force. The Meghalaya Police Radio Organisation had acquired 5 (five) more VHF stations during the years. A separate VHF Duciplex set has been acquired for Ri-Bhoi District. MPRO  Training Centre imparted raining to Police Radio Personnel during the year. The Forensic Science Laboratory established in 1987 is now equipped with 4(four) Divisions Viz., Physical, Biology, Questioned Documents, Chemistry and Toxicology divisions. During this year this division handled a sizeable number of  cases. For the police Housing Scheme an amount of Rs.100 lakhs has been earmarked in Annual Plan budget of 1995-96 against Rs.40 lakhs during 1994-95. Meghalaya Fire Service has protected human lives and properties during major fire  incidents. Fire Stations and Sub-Fire Stations  have been set up in all districts and Sub-Divisional  Headquarters. During 1994-95 a new Sub-Station at Nangalbibra in South Garo Hills has been established. Meghalaya Police Computer Cell was set up to improve and increase the efficient functioning of the Police Organisation. This Organisation needs to be expanded in a phased manner.

             Till September, 1994 total number of cases registered under the I.P.C. was 1576 while the case  charge sheeted was 769. In addition, the Department has seized substantial amount of Narcotic Drugs and unauthorised arms and ammunitions.

HOME (JAILS) :-  The Planning Commission continues to extend Plan assistance with a provision of Rs.100.00 lakhs during 1995-96.  The District Jails at Shillong, Tura, Jowai and Williamnagar have been made fully functional Some improvement works  have been taken up at Tura and Williamnagar jails. Special renovation work is also proposed to be taken up in the State Home for Mentally ill people at Mawlai during 1995-96.

            The Government is also planning to construct District Jails at Nongpoh, Baghmara, Nongstoin and Sub-jails in all eight Civil  Sub-Divisions subject to availability of land. the Central Government have recently allocated Rs.15.00 lakhs for the plan period (1993-97) for  modernisation of Prison Administration in the State. In line with the Central Policy on Jail Reforms, various developmental  activities in the Jail premises for the benefit of the Jail inmates have been taken up.

HOME (CIVIL DEFENCE) :- Civil Defence and Home Guards personnel are assisting the civil administration in taking up various security related duties and also render relief during natural calamities. 6(six) Companies of Border Wing Home Guard Battalion are  continuously deployed for national security duties to supplement the State Police. These Units are also deployed for protection of vital installations. Both the Urban and rural Home Guards have been trained in various disciplines  required for the job.

POLITICAL :- Meghalaya has remained largely peaceful during 1994. During August 6th, a land dispute at Khliehriat resulted in Police firing for which a Commission of Enquiry has been set up by the Government. The State of Meghalaya has a problem of infiltration of foreigners from Bangladesh and Nepal. Bangladesh national enter into the State surreptitiously across the border which extends about 423 km. Similarly, Nepali nationals enter the State illegally from Assam.. To prevent such illegal influx from across the border there are 80 BSF BOPs and in addition, Meghalaya have set up 10 Patrol Posts, 12 additional Check Posts, 2  Out Posts Check Gate, 7 bordering Police Stations under Prevention of Infiltration of Foreigners  Schemes. Proposals for creation of 10 more additional Check Posts under PIF, Mobile Task Force and River Police Force are under active consideration. During 1994 the anti infiltration staff has detected 4491 foreigners out of which 1512 were Bangladesh nationals, 2693 Nepalis, 14 Burmese and 2 Tibetan Nationals.

DISTRICT COUNCILS AFFAIRS :- To safeguard the rights and interest of the tribal people and to preserve and protect their identity, the Autonomous District Councils, constituted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution play a vital role in the State. The District Councils, resources being limited, they depend largely on Government grants for implementation of various schemes, such as, construction of village roads, footpaths, small bridges, play grounds, market places, maintenance of Council Court buildings, ring wells, waster tanks etc. Rs.300.00 lakhs has been earmarked for the District Councils in the Annual Plan 1995-96.

URBAN AFFAIRS  :- The Department of  Urban  Affairs deals with the development and proper management of the urban  areas of the State. Master Plans for Shillong, Jowai and Tura have been completed and approved. Necessary steps have been taken to implement the proposal. With a view to provide desired level of civic amenities in the urban areas, the Department has envisaged a programme to ease the traffic congestion by constructing parking lots at different places in Shillong and  Tura. Parking lots opposite Meghalaya Cooperative  Apex Bank, Shillong, the Cantonment area and at the old Jail Complex at Tura are being taken up. these are being taken up under infrastructure Development for which an amount of Rs.300.00 lakhs has been proposed during 1995-96 which also includes Tura Market and other such schemes. Commercial Complexes are under construction in Shillong, Tura, Williamnagar and Baghmara., To ameliorate the economic condition of the urban poor and to provide  employment opportunity, Nehru Rozgar Yojana and other Urban poverty alleviation schemes are being implemented through the Municipal Boards of Shillong and Tura. An amount of Rs.30.00 lakhs under NRY  and Rs.40.00 lakhs under environmental improvement of slum areas have been proposed for the purpose during 1995-96. Williamnagar, Baghmara and Jowai Town Committees have been upgraded to Municipalities. The Department proposed to take up schemes for construction of sanitary latrines and converting all dry latrines in the municipal areas of Shillong and Tura by the end  of the 8th  Plan. Government has also sanctioned setting up of a new Township near Shillong to ease the congestion for which land acquisition proceedings is nearing completion. An amount of Rs.100.00 lakhs is proposed for the purpose during 1995-96.

INFORMATION AND PUBLIC RELATIONS :- The Information and Public Relations Department plays a very important role in educating the people and through its different activities, endeavour to involve them with the official agencies in implementing developmental programmes. It also liaises with the Press  in order to project  the achievements, plans and programmes of the State Government. The Department has 78 Rural Integrated Information Centres through out the State with a view to disseminate information at the grass roots level of society.

            The Department is organising District and Sub-Divisional level exhibitions, refreshers courses for the local Editors and publicity  campaigns in the RIICs in the State. The Department participated in the India International Trade Fair in November, 1994 and in the AGRIEXPO in March, 1995 in New Delhi. The Department has sponsored and conducted a study tour of local journalists in February-March, 1995 to Bombay and Calcutta.

            During 1995-96, the Department would continue to further intensify its activities by participating in the Fairs, organising various exhibitions and publicity campaigns in the RIICs. In connection with the celebration of the 125th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the Department proposes to organise various activities through its different media.

             The Department has an outlay of Rs.90.00 lakhs under Plan for the financial year  1995-96. 

LABOUR :- Supervision and enforcement  of Labour Act and rules, and implementation of various welfare schemes are taken up by the Department. The Department imparts training on employment services on crafts and training through 5(five)  Industrial Training  Institutes located at Shillong, Tura, Jowai, Nongstoin and Williamnagar. It is also proposed to establish one Employment Exchange at Baghmara and Industrial Training  Institutes at Nongpoh and ending October'94 was 6469. The figure  of job seekers as per live register of the State is 26,856. At the relevant period 139 candidates were placed  on employment and 57 candidates attended the coaching camps and courses for Pre-examination training. 85 trainees have also passed the "All  India Trade Training" during  1994. In the year 1995-96, it is proposed to introduce new trades in Industrial Training Institutes. Construction of office building for the Directorate and Industrial  Training Institute for Jowai and Williamnagar is on the anvil.

SERICULTURE AND WEAVING :- Sericulture and Handloom Weaving are two important cottage industries which provide subsidiary occupation to the people in the rural areas of the State. Efforts are being made to promote these twin industries in order to create full-time employment. Main thrust was given on production and improving quality.

            In respect of Sericulture, 70 block plantations consisting of Mulberry, Eri and Muga were already started besides the improvement of existing plantations under individual holdings. Improved varieties of saplings have been raised in the departmental nurseries for distribution to the selected beneficiaries. Early stage (chowki) rearing has been organised for distribution of chowki worms to the farmers. the proposed  programme for 1995-96 in respect of sericulture include 17 numbers  of block plantations. the training of progressive sericulture farmers is also arranged every year. The other activities include improvement of reeling and spinning for quality production of silk yarn.

            In respect of handloom weaving, training and demonstration works have been organised through 28 Pilot Centres. Modernisation of handloom in the cooperative and outside Cooperative Sectors is also being taken up through the State Apex Society of Weavers and the State's Handloom Corporation respectively. this year the Department proposed to organise eight new Pilot Handloom Weaving Centres in the States.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY :- To develop the seed of awareness for adopting scientific attitude, technique and means in the form of technology, a Science and Technology Cell has been incorporated in the Planning Department. The activities under this Cell are being carried out in areas of popularisation of science, introduction of  appropriate technology, Science and Technology Model Villages, sponsored project, Remote Sensing, Science and Technology oriented Entrepreneurship Development etc. A beginning has been made to meet the need for development of non-conventional energy, a frontier technology, to usher in the 21st Century in Meghalaya.

            Under the programme of popularisation of science among the student community, science Exhibitions, Science Talent competition, Science Excursion, Science and Technology Audio visual Programmes, Workshops, Seminars and other  allied activities have been taken up. Considering the unlimited potential for the development and application of Science and Technology, the Cell has spread its activities in the area of introduction of appropriate technology, improved chulha, low cost sanitations, low cost water filters and rain water harvesting. To implement  these schemes, Model Village Schemes are being taken up in a phased manner to cover all districts.

            Under the Sponsored Project  Schemes, schemes like the School level Students'  Project covering 20 schools per District are being undertaken during the current year. Science and Technology  Entrepreneurship Awareness Programme and Technology Oriented Entrepreneurship Development Programme for Science and Technology personnel are also being undertaken. Setting up of Science and Technology Museum-Cum-Science Centres and procurement of Science exhibits is also being taken up.

            The proposed outlay for 1995-96 is Rs.70 lakhs.

ELECTION :- With a view to prevent impersonation of electors, Election Commission has introduced a scheme for the issue of photographic Identity Cards to electors. the State Government is implementing the scheme which will be completed by end of March, '95 under direction of the Election Commission. Till 11th February,'95, 6,10,619  voters have been photographed for the purpose against the total of 10,51,330. Intensive  revision of electoral rolls for '95 has been programmed for all the 60 Assembly Constituencies in Meghalaya with 1st January'95 as qualifying date as laid down by the Election Commission of India.

PERSONNEL AND ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS :- To streamline the State administration at all levels, to inculcate a sense of discipline and to examine the existing methods and procedure of work in order to improve the functioning of Departments,  the Government set up the Meghalaya Administrative Reforms Commission on 29.4.92, under the chairmanship of Shri R.T. Rymbai I.A.S., (Retired). The Commission has submitted its report on 31.10.94 The report is under examination  of the Government.

            Sir, I have broadly spelt out in brief the policies and programmes of the Government for 1995-96 . The Plan Supplement will provide details of the various schemes and programmes proposed to be implemented during the year. Before I mention about the Budget Estimates for 1995-96, I shall now give a brief account of the acutals for 1993-94 and the revised estimates for 1994-95.

ACTUALS  1993-94 :- During 1993-94 receipts on all accounts were Rs.2945.08 crores while the expenditure were of the order of Rs.2960.91 crores resulting in the deficit of Rs.15.83 crores. Together with the negative cash balance of Rs.60.07 crores, the year closed with deficit of Rs.75.90 crores.

REVISED ESTIMATES  1994-95 :- The year 1994-95 opened with a negative cash balance of Rs.75.90 crores. From the beginning, it has been a difficult year as the financial position of the State Government has not been at all stable  and the State Government  intermittently lapsed into overdraft.  However, the State Government has been able to surmount the financial difficulty by adopting various measures, namely, the economy and austerity measures, intensification of collection of revenue and  curtailing of expenditure, particularly on non plan-account.

            The Revised Estimates for 1994-95 shows total receipts of Rs.3253.21 crores on all accounts and a total expenditure  of Rs.3294.18 crores leaving a deficit of Rs.40.97 crores and together with a negative opening balance of Rs.75.90 crores the year is estimated to close with a negative balance of Rs.116.87 crores.

BUDGET ESTIMATES 1995-96 :- I now come to the Budget estimates for 1995-96. The year 1995-96 is expected to open with a negative cash balance of Rs.116.87 crores. The revenue receipts are placed at Rs.641.74 crores and the revenue  expenditure is estimated at Rs.600.34 crores, thus leaving a surplus of Rs.41.40 crores. Outside the revenue account, the receipts are estimated at Rs. 2667.35 crores and the expenditure is estimated at Rs.2769.01 crores resulting in a deficit of Rs.101.66 crores. But the surplus of Rs.41.40 crores on the revenue account will reduce the deficit to Rs.60.26 crores. However taking into account the negative opening cash balance of Rs. 116.87 crores, the year will close with the estimated deficit of year will close  with  the estimated deficit of Rs.177.13 crores. The broad details are indicated at Annexure-II.

            The Tenth Finance Commission submitted its Report to the Government of India and the recommendations of the Commission are under consideration of the Government of India. The recommendations of the Tenth Finance Commission will be effective from 1.4.95. It is expected  that the additionally that the State Government  will get from the Award of the Tenth Finance Commission would to a great extent reduce the  deficit. However, we cannot remain complacent. During 1994-95  a number of  economy and austerity measures as well as administrative steps were taken by the Government to streamline the  collection of revenue-tax and non-tax and enforcement  of strict financial discipline and control. Over and above, the State Government has taken a major decision to enhance the rate of royalty on coal with effect from 15.1.1995. In 1995-96  I do not propose to go for further doses of fresh taxation measures; but we will rely more on further streamlining of the revenue collection system by suitably strengthening the revenue earning Departments. However, in the case of certain fees and levies in respect of State Excise duties and Amusement and Betting Tax, I propose to enhance the rates as enhancement of these rates has been overdue. These measures which require executive orders only will generate an additional revenue of Rs.2 crores. Some of the important measures proposed are as follows :-

(a) Enhancement t of the License fee for licensed Bookmakers from Rs.500 to Rs.1,000 under Meghalaya Amusement and Betting Tax act. 

(b) Enhancement of renewal fee of the aforesaid License from Rs.500 to Rs.750

(c) Enhancement of security deposit to be made by Licensed Bookmakers from Rs.200 to Rs.2,500.

(d) Enhancement of License rate for retail sale of foreign liquor 'ON'  premises from Rs.15,000 to Rs.17,000.

(e) Increase in the rate of pass fee on IMFL and Beer from Rs.2 and Rs.1 per B.L. to Rs.3 and Rs.2 per B.L. respectively.

(f) Imposition of a flat rate of excise duty at the rate of Rs.70 per case on both qualities of beer instead of the existing differential rate of Rs.48 and Rs.74 per case for proof  strength below 8.75 and above respectively.

(g) Enhancement of rates on cheap brand of IMFL from Rs.250 per case to Rs.350 per case and from Rs.800 to Rs.1200 per case in respect of super premium  brand of IMFL.

(h) Increase in the rate of License fee on out still Licenses in other areas from Rs.1000 to Rs.1500.

            Further, the measures already adopted in 1994-95 aimed at improving financial control and discipline, restricting and eliminating unnecessary expenditure will continue to the enforced. It will be the endeavour of the Government to ensure that investment of plan funds are directed towards productive schemes, programmes yielding not only maximum social  benefits and economic  growth but generating resources. With the active cooperation and support of the honourable Members, I am quite  confident that it will be possible for us to discharge our responsibilities and obligations effectively and achieve our objectives. 

            With these, words, Sir I present the Budget Estimates for 1995-96 before this august House for consideration and approval. However to enable the Government to carry on with its duties and defray expenditure from the first day of financial year 1995-96, I propose that the House may grant a vote-on-Account.

Jai Hind/Khublei/Mitela.



   (Rs. in Lakhs)   
Name of  Sector Finalised Outlay 1995-96
I. Agriculture and Allied Services -
 1.  Crop Husbandry 1102.00
 2.  Soil and Water Conservation 650.00
 3. Animal Husbandry 600.00
 4. Dairy Development 76.00
 5. Fisheries  135.00
 6. Forestry and Wildlife 800.00
 7. Storage and Warehousing 30.00
 8. Agricultural Research and Education 28.00
 9.  Agriculture Financial Institutions 1.00
10  Marketing and Quality Control 115.00
11. Co-operation : 275.00
 TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services 3812.00
II  Rural Development 
1. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 300.00
2. Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) 100.00
3.Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 100.00
4. Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) 115.00
5..Land Reforms 100.00
6..Community Development  500.00
7..Research and Training in Rural Development.  15.00
8.. Special Rural Work Programme 600.00
TOTAL -II- Rural Development 1830.00
III. Special Area Programme
     Border Area Development Programme 328.00
     Total - III - Border Area Development 328.00
IV.Irrigation and Flood Control
 1.   Major & Medium Irrigation  300.00
 2.   Minor Irrigation 680.00
 3.   Command Area Development 70.00
  4.   Flood Control Projects 823.00
Total -IV -Irrigation and Flood Control 1873.00
V. Energy -
 1.   Power 3565.00
 2.   Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE) 100.00
 Total -V- Energy 3665.00
VI. Industry and Minerals :-
 1. Village and Small Industries 165.00
 2. Sericulture and Weaving 140.00
 3. Industries (other than village and Small Industries) 920.00
 4. Mining  174.00
Total - VI- Industries and Minerals 1399.00
VII. Transport
     1.    Roads and Bridges 6900.00
     2.    Roads Transport 250.00
     3.   Other Transport Services 95.00
 Total - VII-Transport 7245.00
VIII. Science, Technology and Environment
1.Scientific Research including  Science and Technology 70.00
2.Ecology and Environment 50.00
Total-VIII- Science, Technology and Environment 120.00
IX. General Economic Services
1. Secretariat Economic Services 90.00
2. Tourism 400.00
3. Survey and Statistics 30.00
4. Civil Supplies 40.00
5.  Aids to District Councils 300.00
6. Weights and Measures 19.00
Total -IX- General Economic Services 879.00
   1.    General Education 2883.00
   2.   Technical Education 60.00
   3..  Sports and Youth Services 425,00
   4.   Art and Culture  165.00
   Sub- Total- Education,  3533.00
    5.  Medical and Public Health 1331.00
    6.  Water Supply and Sanitation 1925.00
    7.   Housing General 340.00
    8.   Urban Development 665.00
    9.    Information and Publicity 90.00
   10.   Welfare of Schedule Castes Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. 7.00
    11. Labour &  Labour Welfare 17.00
    12.  Training and Employment 110.00
    13.  Social Security and Welfare 95.00
    14. Nutrition (M.N.P.) 238.00
XI General Services :-
   1. Jails 100.00
   2. Stationery and Printing 50.00
   3. Public Works (G.A.D. Buildings) 650.00
   4.. Other  Administrative  Services
        (i)     Meghalaya Administrative Training Institute 50.00
        (ii)    Fire Protection services 100.00
        (iii)   Police Housing 100.00
        (iv)   Judiciary Buildings 100.00
Total - XI - General Services 1150.00
GRAND TOTAL 30652.00


     Rs. in lakhs
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1994-95 1995-96
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-)45,76.70 (-)60,07.46 (-)1,54,74.90 (-)75,90.51 (-)1,16,87.13
Revenue Receipt 4,28,50.12 5,00,78.94 5,80,83.89 5,89,01.62 6,41,73.85
Capital under the Consolidated Fund 91,57.31 3,71,16.35 1,35,39.90 1,96,95.68 1,47,90.65
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 12,38.38 6,31.92 5,99.85 8,71.07 5,99.85
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 18,97,02.97 20,66,80.87 24,11,12.72 24,48,53.15 25,13,44.10
TOTAL RECEIPT 24,29,48.78 29,45,08.08 31,33,36.26 32,53,21.52 33,09,08.45
GRAND TOTAL 23,83,72.08 28,85,00.62 29,78,61.36 31,77,31.01 31,92,21.32
Revenue Expenditure 4,10,29.18 4,82,85.11 5,44,25.85 5,52,64.96 6,00,34.02
Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund 1,78,30.72 4,26,22.82 2,33,71.90 2,84,03.96 2,59,46.68
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 12,38.38 6,31.92 5,99.85 6,31.93 5,99.85
Capital Expenditure under the Public Account 18,42,81.26 20,45,51.28 20,01,37.72 24,48,78.15 25,03,54.50
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 24,43,79.54 29,60,91.13 31,85,35.32 32,94,18,14 33,69,35.05
Closing Balance (-)60,07.46 (-)75,90.51 (-)2,06,73.96 (-)1,16,87.13 (-)1,77,13.73
GRAND TOTAL 28,63,72.08 28,85,00.62 29,78,61.36 31,77,31.01 31,92,21.32
(a) In Revenue Account (+)18,20.94  (+)17,93.83 (+)36,58.04 (+)36,36.66 (+)41,39.83
(b) Outside Revenue Account (-)32,51.70 (-)33,76.88 (-)88,57.10 (-)77,33.28 (-)1,01,66.43
(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance (-)14,30.76 (-)15,83.05 (-)51,99.06 (-)40,96.62 (-)60,26.60