Government of Meghalaya

Budget Speech

1993 94


Shri J. D. Pohrmen

Finance Minister, Meghalaya

29th March, 1993


Mr. Speaker, Sir,

            With  felicitations to all, I feel greatly privileged in having this honour to present the Budget Estimates of the Government of Meghalaya  for the year 1993-94


        Economic crisis of mid-1991 has been contained and programme of structural reforms  coupled with policy  initiatives taken has improved  the economic situation substantially, with decisive progress in overcoming inflation. Balance of payments situation, though still difficult, shows hopeful signs with a pick-up  in exports and better signs in industrial growth. The year has not been without setback. The irregularities in securities trading raised questions of credibility on one hand; while law and order problems disrupted transports and affected industrial and export growth, slackening the economic recovery.

        The growth of Gross  Domestic Product (G.D.P.) is expected to exceed four percent in 1992-93. Kharif food grains production is likely to show a rise of eight percent. Kharif oil seed is likely to achieve 17.7% increase, equal to record crop of 1988-89. The agricultural situation is broadly satisfactory with 5% higher output than 1991-92. Industrial sector has continued to suffer from  recessionary conditions with a modest rate of growth of 3.8% during April-October 1992 and this explains the measures and policies taken by the Union Government  earlier and as presented in the Union budget 1993-94. Services account for an important proportion of GDP. There  has been a revival of investment activity all over.

        The strategy for management of the balance of payments relies upon  a combination of macroeconomic  stabilisation and structural reforms in industrial and trade policy. Visible support from the multilateral agencies was important for restoring international confidence. The year saw a revival of imports to normal levels and exports performed far better than in 1991-92 despite a decline of more than 60% in exports to erstwhile Soviet Union nations. However, due to disturbed situations and uncertainties arising from leads and lags, there still remain important uncertainties in the balance payment.

        The strategy for economic reforms encompasses corrective measures in Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, financial sector reforms, trade and exchange rate policy, Industrial policy, Agricultural policy, poverty  alleviation and human resource development and energy policy.

        Let us also congratulate the Union finance Minister who has presented a mosaic of economic policies in the Union budget by creating an environment of opportunity and challenge, freedom and excitement, and has set a direction where hope lies. We all now have to do our part of self improvement by way of continuous learning, adaptation and innovation with sustained, disciplined and efficient pursuits.


        Closer home, we are facing sombre circumstances. Over the years our fiscal deficit  has increased  despite best efforts. this could be primarily due to general slackness in the sincere implementation of schemes coupled with an environment of political ups and downs having a bearing on law  and order situation. People have  voted this Government for stability, which is the cry of the hour, and we seek cooperation of all in our sincere endeavour.

        We have also indulged in living beyond our means and thinking only of present. Its time we realised that rights and duties are two sides of the same coin. Discipline, efficiency at all levels and sustained pursuits in an environment of peace and harmony can alone retrieve the situation, and to this we stand  committed.

          The economy during 1992-93 appears satisfactory. As per quick estimates of the State Domestic Product, the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) at current prices rose form Rs.729.01 crores in 1990-91 to Rs.797.56 crores. in 1991-92 indicating a rise of about 7.6% in the preceding year. Per capita income at current prices rose from Rs.4190 in 1990-91 to Rs.4458 in 1991-92 indicating a  rise of 6.4% as against a rise of about 5.1% in the preceding year.

        In real terms (i.e. at 1980-81 prices ) the NSDP rose from Rs.340.7 crore in 1980-81, to Rs.362.39 crores in 1991-92  showing a rise of about 5.98% as against a rise of 4.12% in the preceding year. The per capita income at 1980-81 prices rose from Rs.1740 in 1990-91  to Rs.1789 in 1991-92 a rise of about 2.8% as against a rise of 1.6%  in the preceding year.

        Food -grains production 1991-92 was 1.55 lakh tones against 1.53 lakh tonnes in 1990-91, showing a modest rise of 1.3%. Potato registered a significant increase in 1991-92 with  a production of 1.53 lakh tonnes as against 1.19 lakh tonnes in 1990-91, indicating a rise in productivity from 6750 kg/Hectare in 1990-91 to 8683 Kg/Hectare in 1991-92. Ginger registered a conspicuous rise from 31,121 tonnes in 1990-91. The food grains production during 1992-93 is targeted at 1.93 lakh tonnes.

        However, as elsewhere in the country, Industry remains the major concern. The State continues to lag behind industrially. The number of factories registered remains stagnant at 55 with 3,481 numbers of employees by the end of 1992. However, significant increase has been registered in the number of small scale industries from 1,558 in 1990-91 to 1,733 by 1991-92. Total investment in plant and machinery of small scale units increased from Rs.850.29 lakhs to Rs.932.57 lakhs between 1990-91 and  1991-92. The number of persons employed in small scale units increased from 9,248 in 1990-91 to 10,169 by 1991-92. Production of cement in MCCL  showed a decline to 10.6 thousand tonnes in 1991-92 as compared  to 123.5 thousand tonnes in 1990-91.

        In mining and geology sector, with January-October being the reference period, information available indicated a declining trend in production of both coal and sillimanite during 1992. However, production of limestone rose by 25% during January-October 1992 compared to the corresponding period in 1991.

        The total installed capacity in Power sector increased to 193.76 MW as on 30.11.92 as compared to 133.76MW as on 30.11.91. Generation of power during 1992-1993 as on 30.11.92 was 278.44  Million Kilo Watt Hours (MKWH) as against 421.09  MKWH in 1991-92 for the corresponding period. The number of villages  electrified upto 30.11.92  was 2,317 as against 2,302 as on 30.11.91. the percentage of villages electrified is 47% as on 30.11.92.

        Banking sector has shown a significant improvement. The total number of bank branches which was only 79 in 1983, increased to 167 by  Marc h '92. the volume of bank deposits in the State increased from Rs.373.83 crores in March 1991 to Rs.383.33 crores by March 1992, indicating a rise of 2.3%. Volume of credit increased from Rs.72.33 crores in March 1991 to Rs.77.11 crore in March 1992, indicating a 6.6%  rise. However, credit deposit ratio was only 20.17% in 1992 as against 19.35% in 1991. Banking sector has been trusted and helped by various policy supports from Union Government as detailed in the proposals of union budget. We hope that the trust reposed in them will be redeemed by better financing and wholesome achievement of Credit Plans in our State.

        Prices of essential commodities behaved better during 1992. The average wholesale price of rise (coarse variety) increased by 6.55%  during December 1991 to November  1992 as against 18.7%  in the corresponding period of previous year. The average wholesale price of mustard oil  increased by 2.44% during  the same period. However, retail prices of essential commodities showed a significant increase of 10.9%  in coarse rice, 23.88% in beef, 15.76% in fish, 4.72% in mustard oil, 1.64% in potato, 5.67% in onion, 13.99% in moong dal, 9.96% in masurdal and 2.40% in salt.

            The consumer price index (number of urban non-manual employees (base 1984-85 = 100) rose from 187 in May 1991 to 221 by October 1992, as against a rise of 171 to 205  at the all India level for corresponding period, indicating a rise of 18%. Number of persons employed under public sector was 63,554 as on 30.6.1992. The number of applicants on the Live Register of employment exchanges increased from 24,295 in June 1991 to 24,997 by June 1992, of which the number of educated persons increased from 11,327  to 11,511. Educated persons constituted 46% of the total number of persons on the live Register.

        Meghalaya cannot remain isolated from the national scene being closely linked to the national economy as also being one of the  recipients of liberal central assistance. As national economy opens up to international competition and trade, the emphasis would have to be on productivity, entrepreneurship, technological innovation and growth and proper utilisation of State's economic potential. It would be suicidal to indulge in wasteful spending and living beyond means. To ensure maximum possible economic return on the investments made, proper environment by way of policy initiatives and incentives would have to be formulated.

            Peace is a sine-qua-non for sustained pursuit of progress and prosperity. All the sectors of economy shall have  to perform in the planned and progressive manner if the state is not to be confined to the economic backwaters.


        The Seventh Five Year Plan came to an end on 31st March 1990 and the Eighth Five Year Plan was launched from 1st April 1992 with an agreed outlay of Rs.1029.00 crores.  Due to various political and economic compulsions 1990-91  and 1991-92 have been treated as annual Plans. The size of  1993-94 Annual Plan of Meghalaya has been decided at Rs.281.00 crores, reflecting an increase of 16.6% over 1992-93 outlay of Rs.241.00 crores. The objectives and priorities of the State for the 8th Five Year Plan are as follows :-

        Alleviation of poverty and un-employment by giving a thrust to productivity and employment oriented programmes, particularly in rural areas. Agriculture, inclusive of horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Pisciculture, Sericulture and plantation forestry will continue to remain major thrust areas with increased emphasis on horticulture and agro-industries development. Priority would be given to development of food processing industries, electronics industries, exploitation of minerals and other resource-based industries. Implementation of the National Education Policy, 1986 for obtaining uniform and high standards of need-based education with suitable vocationalisation will be accelerated. Health care and safe drinking water for all will receive high priority. Fuller electrification coverage and utilisation of non-conventional  sources of energy, privatization of road-transport, formulation of need-based and employment-oriented border areas development programmes, planned growth and development of urban areas, maximum possible utilisation of institutional finance to increase employment opportunities etc. will continue to remain our prime concern. Completion of ongoing projects would be given due priority. Decentralised and integrated planning would be emphasized. During 1993-94  special emphasis would be given to agriculture and horticulture, rural development with employment orientation, quality of education, quality of health services and upgradation of administrative infrastructure in new Districts and Block Headquarters.

          Somehow we have not attained desired level of resource mobilisation from Financial institutions to supplement plan efforts. It is imperative that Departments formulate schemes with due caution and meet the demand of resources by making such schemes self sustaining and growth oriented to face the challenges in liberalized economic scenario. The institutional finance component has been indicated in the sectoral  outlay for 1993-94 by Planning Department. It is also heartening that our Union finance Minister has proposed 90% increase in NABARD's refinance of bank loans in the North Eastern States for innovative schemes, export oriented units, pilot  project for intensive development of rural industries and to revitalise agricultural credit.  We have lagged in the past in formulating proper schemes to gain from such facilities. It is  high time the credit plans are taken note of by the departments and are prepared with their conscious  participation and concern so that the State plan reflects such projections and the cherished objectives are realised.


        Evaluation unit  has been brought under  Programme Implementation Department as one of its attached office. During 1991-92 Evaluation study on Sericulture Development Programme, Intensive  Immunisation Drive and Development  of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) was completed. During 1992-93 the Unit conducted studies on Integrated Child Development Scheme and reports are under finalisation. The State Evaluation Committee has also directed studies on Piggery development, Housing loan cum subsidy scheme, Horticulture development programme, manpower training scheme under Industries Department, rural water supply schemes etc. Study designs are under preparation. Monitoring, review and follow up action on Plan  Schemes including 20 point programme is the key role of the Department along with evaluation studies. An employment generation council has been constituted to monitor, assess, study and gear up efforts and measures with regard to problems of employment and training. Promotion, development and application of science and technology would be the continued effort of the Government. Science Clubs are proposed to be set up in schools and villages to promote awareness among students and general public.


        Being an agrarian economy, agriculture plays a predominant role in the State. Conventional methods of agriculture coupled with shifting cultivation result in fluctuating productivity. A target of gross cropped area of 2.43 lakh hectares and net cropped area of 1.995 lakh hectares is proposed for the year 1993-94. An amount of Rs.1,456 lakhs has been  proposed for the annual plan 1993-94 for improvement in the technologies of production, processing, storage and marketing. National Watershed Development Project for rainfed areas is being implemented in 8(eight) micro-watershed projects. The outlay includes 400 lakhs of externally aided project component. The overall outlay for Agriculture represents in increase of 54.29% over the approved outlay of 1992-93. In order to provide assured means of irrigation to farmers and thereby to increase the food grains production, a number of minor irrigation facilities for multiple cropping has been envisaged. The target in food grains production during 1993-94 is proposed at 1.98 lakhs tonnes against 1.93 lakhs tones during 1992-93, of which 1.72  lakhs tonnes is expected to be achieved. Commercial crops have shown a marked improvement in terms of yield. Multidimensional and integrated approach would be undertaken to achieve the objectives. Horticulture ahs a tremendous potential in this State. the various measures contemplated are expected to boost  up the total horticultural productions to 2.74 lakhs tonnes by the end of  1993-94 against 2.18 lakh tonnes in current year. Potential for cultivation of mushroom and tea would be exploited and processing units would be established. Buildings for research stations and laboratory, one at Nongstoin and another at Williamnagar, are completed and these would start  functioning during 1993-94. With the financial assistance of Government of India, the Meghalaya State Agricultural Marketing Board has taken up establishment of principal regulated markets at Mawiong and another at Garobadha in West Garo Hills. Minor irrigation potential and to facilitate multiple cropping and optimum utilisation of potential created, is being proposed during 1993-94.


        Livestock and Dairy farming have tremendous potential for generating self employment avenues to the people including educated unemployed youth of the State. The production of meat during 1993-94 will be increased to 23000 tonnes, of milk to 54,000 tonnes and of eggs to 72 millions. This stepped up production is sought to be achieved by departmental schemes involving farmers and entrepreneurs. The major  programmes include maintenance of cattle farms, poultry farms, etc. Emphasis is also  given for better health care, balanced food and fodder for the livestock. In order to develop entrepreneurship, various training programmes for the farmers would be organised along with providing forward and backward linkages with assured extension services. The Annual Plan Outlay proposed for  1993-94 for animal husbandry sector has been raised from Rs. 400 lakhs for 1992-93 to Rs.500 lakhs and from Rs.41 lakhs  to Rs.75 lakhs for dairy development sector.


        Application of updated scientific method in Pisciculture with a view to increase fish production would be continued. The main thrust area of the department is the production of fish and fish-seeds.  Against  the target of 4.2 thousand tonnes of fish production  the Department has achieved 3.3 thousand tonnes during 1991-92. The target of 3540 M.T.s  for 1992-93 is likely to be achieved in full. Against an outlay of Rs.70 lakhs during 1992-93,  the Department will have a proposed outlay of Rs.114 lakhs during 1993-94 .Efforts will be made to set up fish farms and to develop  big water bodies for increased fish production. Extension service and training would be extended to encourage fish farmers. During 1993-94 Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA) set up in districts would coordinate, oversee and ensure the fulfillment of the needs of fish farmers. For 1993-94 the target  has been fixed at 3.79 thousand tonnes in regard to fish production, and 4 millions for Fish-seed. To augment fish production the Department is financing private Pisciculturists and cooperative societies as well. In addition, the Department has taken integrated fish farming scheme like paddy-cum-fish culture, fishery-cum pig-cum-duck culture etc.


        The State is categorised as least developed in the Cooperative sector. To popularise the cooperative  movement  at par with national level, serious efforts are on. In the sphere of credit activity, the Meghalaya Cooperative Apex Bank in conjunction with Primary Agricultural Credit Societies has extended short, medium and long term loans. In the area of non-agricultural Co-operative Bank are playing a significant role. Project proposals for implementation of Integrated Cooperative Development  Project have been recommended  to NCDC and implementation of centrally sponsored scheme of Business Development Planning in Primary Agricultural cooperative Societies (PACS) has been started for revitalization of 50 PACS. Four numbers of cooperative godowns and handloom work-sheds have been completed   and the work for 5 more are in progress. A turnover of Rs.178.71 lakhs ahs been achieved by cooperatives  in distribution  of consumers articles and is likely to achieve its annual target, showing consolidation of consumer  Cooperatives. A few new societies have also been formed. Apart from continuing these efforts, main thrust  during 1993-94 would be directed towards revitalization of the Cooperatives involved in marketing, credit operations and cooperatives societies for weaker sections.


        Depletion of forest cover is a serious cause of concern and at the current rate State will face sever ecological degradation in years to come. To arrest  the trend, a number of measures namely (i) creation of village reserve forests to meet the need of the villagers for fuel wood, fodder and timber; (ii)  providing  intensive tree cover under Social Forestry, (iii) conservation and enrichment of existing biotic reserve; (iv) coordination measures for air and water pollution control and mitigating pollution hazards and (v) eco-development in forest areas in the peripheries of wild  life protected areas are in progress and would  be continued to save soil and environment. 


        In order to control depletion of natural resources like soil, water and vegetation, the Department of Soil Conservation would continue various efforts. The task of Soil conservation is challenging. Government will lay more emphasis to combating jhuming during 1993-94 with an integrated and multi pronged approach including  400  hectare of land development. Treatment of watershed would also be given due priority. Target proposed for erosion control works is 400 hectares for 1993-94 . Afforestation programme for 400 hectares; land development for 400 hectares; fodder and pasture development for 4 hectare, water conservation and distribution  works for 250  hectares, construction of water harvesting structures for 30 beneficiaries, and conservation works in urban areas for 15 hectares are targeted for 1993-94. In addition, soil profile monitoring, evaluation, project formulation, education and teaching would be our continued endeavour


        Improvement of living  conditions by providing better infrastructural facilities coupled with economic activities in rural areas for overall development  and upliftment of economic condition remains  the task ahead for the Government. General community development programme under State sector is designed to accelerate development and upliftment of socio-economic life of the people. Through centrally sponsored schemes like Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY), poverty alleviation and creation of durable assets by way of employment  generation programmes with people's participation is endeavoured to be achieved. Under community development programme an outlay of Rs.410 lakhs, including 50 lakhs for infrastructure development  of two newly created developmental blocks, has been kept. Under IRDP a provision of Rs.210 lakhs have been kept during 1993-94. However, this will depend  on the achievement by the department and contribution by the Centre. Under JRY scheme, the eighth plan outlay  was Rs.7.50 crores, out of which Rs.2.12 crores have been spent for the last two years ending  1992-93. Proposed outlay for1993-94 is Rs.1.75 crore. To facilitate and give impetus to training at State Institute of Rural Development a provision of Rs. 10 lakhs has been kept. The scheme on assistance to small and marginal farmers (SF/MF) for increased agricultural production, which was earlier shared by the State and Centre has been brought under State sector only from 1991. An outlay of Rs.75 lakhs is being proposed for this scheme  for 1993-94. Apart  from the normal Community Development  programmes, the Department is also  implementing  other schemes  like  agriculture, education, roads etc. under channelization of fund scheme.


        Taking a cue from Central Budget, the Department would have to look seriously into policy  initiatives to encourage setting up of more industries to gain from Tax Concessions recently announced for boosting industry and employment. Despite various bottlenecks, the department, through its major corporations like  the MIDC, is developing  large and medium and small industries in the State. Two numbers of mini cement plants have been set up at Damas in East Garo Hills and at Sutnga in Jaintia Hills which have started production. In the private sector, two more mini cement plants are being considered for implementation in East Khasi Hills. MIDC is also assisting private entrepreneurs to set up industries in small and tiny sectors. Besides, Meghalaya Bamboo Chips Limited has embarked upon a diversification programme. In the joint sector, the MIDC KLMC limited  are exporting limestone to Bangladesh. The Government would encourage entrepreneurs to set up industries in its existing industrial  estates  and areas and efforts  will be to utilise existing areas fully and for this, master plans have been prepared. The department is also taking up man-power training scheme and entrepreneurship development  programmes and women development schemes. The MIDC  is also working as a financial institution to extend loans to SSI/Medium industries, amounting  to Rs.25.00 crores as on December 1992 to over 1300 beneficiaries. In village industry sector, Khadi and Village Industry Board has undertaken "Gram-Shilpa Scheme" "Cotton Khadi Centre" etc. The Department would work ceaselessly to see Meghalaya's  strength grow in  industrial  sector, so that the State in general can prosper. In the Industrial Sector the proposed outlay is Rs.145 lakhs for village and small industries and Rs.815 lakhs in other industries.


        Power plays a vital and significant role in growth and development. Meghalaya would endeavour to become 'Power-Full' by gaining from Central Government's concessions given in the Central Budget to full measure. Work programmes for 1993-94 are generation scheme of ongoing  Umiam-Umtru Stage IV with upper Khri diversion, renovation and modernisation  of existing generating Units. Under rural electrification programmes, electrification coverage of 100 villages is targeted and towards this end Planning Commission have recommended an outlay of Rs.38.55 crores. Under new schemes there are (i) Leishka (Myntdu) Stage I HEP , (ii) Mini Micro Hydel Scheme at Lakroh, Ganol and Galwang. Transmission and distribution  would be given due priority by modifying  and augmenting ground substations and power station switchyard. Survey and investigation of Leishka stage II HEP Umngi HEP and Umngot HEP would continue. Regulatory machinery would be geared up to ensure public safety. The works for harnessing non-conventional sources of energy manifested in solar  heating system, photovoltaics, micro hydel, biogas and improved chullahs would continue. The works of  Integrated Rural Energy Planning (IREP), by promotion of energy efficient technology to backward  areas, will be gradually extended. Endeavour shall also be made to accelerate the pace of construction of  the proposed Regional Institute of Integrated Rural Energy Planning and Development at Shillong.


        The Government is continuing its activities on mineral exploration for proper assessment and utilisation of various minerals available in the State. Revenue is also earned by way of royalty and cess on minerals like coal, lime stones, sillimanite and clay. A number of investigation programmes have been taken up during 1992-93. Steps have been taken up during 1992-93, to establish a coal  depot at Mawsmai near Jorabat, which will bring additional revenue to the State. The Department proposes to take up ground water and geotechnical investigations and establishment of a branch office  at Tura and 3 more check gates  during 1993-94. Against Plan allocation of Rs.110.00 lakhs for 1992-93, Rs.263.00  lakhs for 199-94  has been proposed. The State is also exporting coal through the MMDC  and is also receiving fund from N.E.C. for mineral exploration.


        In keeping with the Directive Principles of the Constitution, the Government will continue to give priority to universalisation of elementary education. To improve the standard of elementary education the Government have not only appointed qualified primary teachers but have also requested the SCERT to design comprehensive training programme to upgrade the knowledge and skill of teachers. In order to improve the educational environment, a good number of school buildings have been assisted in upgrading its infrastructural facilities by provision of new buildings or additional rooms. These efforts will continue during 1993-94. Government  will continue with the management and control of primary education to keep apace with the national pattern of education, the Government is introducing 10+2+3 pattern in a phased manner. Government is conscious of the changing scenarios in the field of education, and will lay emphasis on vocational education, to equip its youth with necessary skills required for self employment. Till 1992-93, 30 high schools have been selected for opening  higher secondary classes including  vocationalisation. The syllabus for plus 2 stage is in line with NCERT and is in its final stage of completion by the Meghalaya Board of Secondary Education (MBOSE). Government has also rationalised the maintenance of grant-in-aid to adhoc schools for better working conditions. During 1993-94 emphasis on science and mathematics teaching would continue. During  1992-93, the Government established the Meghalaya  State Council for Technical Education which will conduct all technical education in the State. Another achievement is a decision to set up a B.Ed College at Tura which will start functioning soon. Higher secondary classes  at Pine Mount School, Shillong have already started. Adult education and literacy programme would continue.


        Promotion of Art and Culture and preservation of rich cultural heritage of indigenous people of Meghalaya is the summum bonum.  The new museum building construction is expected to be completed in 1993-94. The work  for Cultural complex at Shillong is to start soon and there will be  a district  level cultural complex at Tura. An Archaeological  Cell has been created in the Department with the discovery of important archaeological find near Bhaitabari in West Garo Hills and the Department has taken upon  itself the task to preserve this important site. The Government is equally keen to improve the library services in the State. The Department has already published Khasi Hills District and Jaintia Hills will  be completed during 1993-94. 


        The Government is giving adequate emphasis on the development of sports and games and welfare of the youth of Meghalaya. Government  has provided sufficient fund for  construction of sports complexes, indoor sports halls, swimming  pools, football, basket ball fields/courts etc. in different districts and sub divisions. Our talented boys are participating with the patronage of Government the national level competitions and they are being eulogised in different fields of sports  by the Sports Authority of India. the Government is  funding the different sports clubs/organisations to improve their amenities in the field of sports and games. With an outlay  of Rs.325 lakhs during 1993-94, Government  will continue to encourage sports and youth affairs activities channelising their energy towards constructive and glorious path.


        Out of sanctioned 29 ICDS  projects, 27 projects are operational and remaining two projects  are expected to be operational during 1993-94 and once more ICDS project is likely to be sanctioned. The training of Anganwadi workers  at Tura and Shillong  would continue to get Government  attention during 1993-94. Under the scheme of services for children in need of care and protection, a total of 600 needy children are provided with food, shelter, clothing, education, through 20 voluntary organisations and such social measures would continue with added thrust. Opening of one creche for State Government employees' children at Shillong has been sanctioned. Government will continue to implement the schemes for the welfare of women, children, physically handicapped, juvenile delinquents, aged, infirm and to strengthen the viable voluntary organisations. Supplementary Nutrition Programme including SNP  in  urban areas and wheat based nutrition programme is also  being  implemented. Voluntary organisations would be encouraged to come forward for such social objectives.


        The main objectives of the Government is not only to provide shelter to the shelter less by 2001 A.D. but also  a better home for all. The policy is directed towards rural  areas. Nearly 1.6 lakhs temporary houses need improvement  in the State. Economically weaker  sections and in the State. Economically weaker sections and lower income groups are being helped in loan-cum-subsidy scheme. Government is also providing grant-in-aid in the form of CGI sheets to the rural houseless people under rural Housing Scheme. The programme  of the Government is implemented both by Directorate and Housing Board.


        Meghalaya is committed to attain twin goals of "Health for All" and "Net reproductive rate of Unity" through universal provision of comprehensive primary health care services and through access to coverage under family planning  and maternal and child health and maternal and child health care facilities. The likely increase in the health infrastructure facilities available from 1985 to 1993 is 383 Sub Centres in 1993 as against 172 in 1985; 81 PHCs in 1993 as against 32 in 1985, and 9 Community Health Centres in 1993 as against 3 in 1985. Two offices of District Medical and Health Offi9cers at Nongpoh in Ri Bhoi District  and Baghmara in South Garo Hills have been created and in Ri Bhoi it has started functioning. The Department proposes to create 34 additional Sub Centres, 11 additional PHCs  and 2 additional CHCs. The availability of specialists and trained/qualified paramedics is still inadequate. Universal Immunisation Programme and control of drug addiction and prevention of AIDS have been receiving  serious attention of the Department. Government of India agreed to allocate Rs.69.00 lakhs for establishment of Scientific Blood  Banks in the State and Pasteur Institute has been declared as a Nodal Centre for screening of all blood donors in the State by Government of India. Besides, all National Health Programmes will be continued to be implemented.


        The Construction of roads and bridges will continue to get priority. The State inherited only 2786 Km. road length with road density of 12.35 Km 100 Sq.Km. At the end of rolling plan, the State P.W.D. achieved a total road length of 5893.04 Km. Till now, the State is yet to reach the national average  road density of 48.69 Km/ 100 Sq. Km. During 1993 a massive programme has been envisaged to increase the road density. The proposed outlay for 1993-94 is Rs.5260.00 lakhs and the road density is expected to go upto 27.78 Km/100 Sq.Km. Widening and improvement of National Highways has been taken up in phases. The existing roads, pavements etc., will be strengthened. Under MNP (Scheme)  with an outlay of Rs.625 lakhs during 1993-94, 20 numbers of villages would be brought into the communication map along with efforts to complete spill over works. Rs.100 lakhs has been allocated to flood  control efforts during 1993-94. Under medium  irrigation, works in Rongai Valley Irrigation Project is under progress, whereas investigation and collection of data for five other schemes are on. Road schemes under border area development  will also get due attention. Construction Work Department (GAD), Education, Health, Arts and Culture, etc. Departments are being undertaken With care and priority.


        Providing safe drinking water and sanitation facilities would continue to get due attention of the Government. Out of 4,727 problem villages, 3,952 numbers have been covered unlisted villages covering 9.05 lakhs of population. During 1992-93, 755 more villages would be covered. Based on census 1991, 20 numbers of spill over villages, 250 numbers of newly identified villages and 200 numbers of old villages where renovation/expansion augmentation is desirable, are to be covered, besides 250 villages under ARP. First phase of Greater Shillong Water lines, construction on zonal reservoirs are in steady progress. Apart from this, all other towns in Meghalaya have been provided with safe drinking water and augmentation of 5 town water supply schemes, to cater to increased population is proposed. Rural sanitation and low cost sanitation would continue to get persistent thrust and attention. 


        In a developing state, efficient and rapid transport and communication  system plays an important role. In its further development, Meghalaya being a predominantly hilly state, its major transport system is dependent on roads. The  Government have provided the basic infrastructure in this sector through Meghalaya Transport corporation which operates 53 routes with a fleet of 168 buses and Corporation is serving about 5995 passengers per day. The Corporation operates city bus services in Shillong and Tura and  subsidised bus services to school going children, in addition to its interstate services with Assam, West Bengal, Tripura and Nagaland. The Bus staff ratio of Meghalaya 1:5.84 which is lower than all India average ratio of 1:7.31 The fleet Utilisation ratio is 48% which is not encouraging in comparison to all India average of 86.3 percent. One railway line from Dudnoi to Depa (17.5Km) has been sanctioned at an estimated cost of Rs.21.27 crores and preliminary work has been taken up. Another reconnaissance survey for connecting Sukritipur (in Cachar District) with Umkiang in Jaintia Hills has also been taken up. The Survey report has been sent to the Railway Board for consideration. Construction of airport at Baljek Valley in West Garo Hills, which is to be done by the N.E.C. and the  National Airport  Authority, is being pursued for early commencement of work of site. The Department is also providing financial assistance to unemployed SC/ST youth for purchase of buses/three wheelers, along with providing subsidy for loss making transport operating organisations in backward areas. Strengthening of enforcement machineries, joint checkgates, pollution control measures would get added support, Motor driving school at  Tura has been started and setting up of some more driving  schools is under consideration, for training drivers to ensure road safety.


        To exploit the immense potential of tourism, the endeavour through various schemes is to turn tourism into a flourishing industry. Way side amenities at Anogiri, tourist bungalow at Siju, approach road to Mawsmai Cave etc. are ongoing. The new schemes that have already been taken up are tourist bungalows at Ranikor, Baghmara, Yatri Nivas at Shillong and Tura etc. Further the development of tourist spots at Nartiang (its monoliths) has been taken up. Construction of boat house at Maumari lake, Anogiri lake, View point at Rongbang falls, beautification of Capt. W.A. Sangma Memorial Park in Garo Hills would also be taken up. For promotion of adventure tourism, trekking equipments, water sports equipments would be procured to attract more tourist.  Central Government has been impressed upon to lift the requirement of Restricted Areas Permit entirely to attract foreign tourist and also to upgrade Umroi Airport for being landing for quick flow of tourists. In order to provide employment facility, a Food Craft Institute is being established near Barapani.


        Our State is a deficit State in Food grains. The Government has taken steps to streamline, expand  and diversify the public distribution system by giving more teeth to vigilance committees at village level. In order to eliminate bogus ration cards, positive steps have been taken. Rural godowns are being constructed  to have rational and logistic requirement of storage space. Mobile  vans are  being pressed into service for better servicing. Monitoring of stocks and prices of essential commodities will continue to get the due  attention  of the Government  consumer  awareness would be given due fillip in order to ensure that the fruits of Government policies percolate and reach the general populace. Vigorous enforcement of legislative measures would continue to be endeavoured.


        The ground demarcation of the interstate boundary in 3 (three) sectors viz., Garo Hills-Dhubri Goalpara District; Ri Bhoi-Kamrup District ; Jaintia Hills-North Cachar District  was undertaken from 15.3.91. Some discrepancies and errors have crept in as a result of which boundary pillars have been erected by the Assam Government in areas traditionally considered to be well inside the West Garo Hills district. This has led to resentment and misgivings among broad sections of the people of Garo Hills. The mater was brought up by the Chief Minister  Meghalaya in his meeting  with Chief Minister Assam on 19th August 1992, where it was agreed that a fresh joint survey of this sector  will be undertaken. Before the joint fresh survey is carried out, it would also be necessary, however, to re-examine the basis under which the work of demarcation is to be carried out. It has also been decided  by the Government that the boundary pillars constructed should be removed pending fresh survey. Land in Meghalaya is to be cadastrally surveyed and land records prepared/updated to avoid litigations and to help people in getting  financial benefits from financial institutions. The work has been entrusted to District Councils and is yet to gain the desired momentum.


        The functions of the Department of Weights and Measures Cum Legal Metrology are statutory and regulatory in nature. The enforcement work in the field includes annual verification and stamping of weighing and measuring  instruments used in trade and commerce.


        Realising  the geographical isolation and problems arising out of difficult terrain, the Department is endeavouring to fulfill its long term policy of rejuvenating the affected economy of border people. The approved outlay of Rs.250.00 lakhs during 1992-93 is expected to be utilised. In Agricultural sector,  two schemes viz. (a) loan-cum-subsidy for purchase of power tillers by the border areas farmers at subsidised rate and (b)  drip and sprinklers irrigation system for horticulture crops are being implemented. In education sector, financial assistance to border area students and grants-in-aid to border areas schools are being carried out. Other sectors namely roads, cooperatives and border areas marketing schemes, soil conservation will  also receive due thrust. Adequate allocation of fund has been made through respective Departments of Governments.


        The major development during Seventh Plan was the construction of Government Press  at Shillong. The last phase of construction is expected to be completed by May 1993 and 27 numbers of residential quarters at Tura have also been completed. The Government Press has taken steps to procure sophisticated printing machineries with back up support to keep pace with technology and I prove the services to the Government Departments. the branch press at Tura is also required to be expanded.


        With a view to providing adequate office and residential accommodation, Rs.3000 lakhs has been proposed during  8th Plan for the Department. Adequate facilities in most of the administrative centres and genuine requirement of residential quarters for various categories would be given due thrust and priority. Improvement of existing facilities in Meghalaya Houses at Calcutta and Delhi would be continued. Government has already acquired land in New Bombay and would consider need-based requirement of the Government and people of Meghalaya  to establish such facilities elsewhere, within the constraints of our resources.


        In a parliamentary system of Government, the basic knowledge of parliamentary affairs is necessary to be infused through the scheme on Youth Parliament and incentive through prizes and awards for youth parliament competition. the Government will encourage such efforts.


        The administration of justice is a non-plan subject. For upgradation of infrastructural facilities for the judiciary, the Planning commission has accepted in principle to include it as a plan subject. The legal aid scheme to help poor citizens will be help poor citizens will be  continued to provide justice. The State Law  Commission has been reconstituted in September 1992.


        As per orders of the Election Commission of India intensive revision of electoral rolls of all the 60 Assembly constituencies in the State was taken up and finally published on 4th January 1993 and on this basis, general elections to the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly were held on 15th February, 1993. Against 60 seats, there were 290 candidates. the election was by and large peaceful, and the new House was constituted by the Election Commission on the 17th February, 1993. 


        The collection of revenue on account of registration fee, stamp duty etc. has against Rs.59.61 lakhs in 1989-90 it was Rs.70.71 lakhs during Rs.71.79 lakhs during 1991-92. The State Excise department is a major revenue earning Department. In 1990-91, the revenue was Rs.1238.33  lakhs whereas in 1991-92 it rose upto Rs.1739.01 lakhs. However, upto December 1992 for the year 1992-93, it was only Rs.1019.00 lakhs. The Sales Tax  Department is also contributing a major share to the revenue of the State. During 1991-92 the collection was Rs.2157.00 lakhs. Against the budget estimate of Rs.2339.00 lakhs for 1992-93, the Government has fixed the target for collection at Rs.2575.00 lakhs. Necessary legislative and administrative measures in this direction have also been set in motion. However, further streamlined. To enforce better compliance and to ensure collection of dues with greater efficiency and economy, no effort will be spared


        Frequent agitational programmes by various organisations last year created uncongenial atmosphere, hampering tourism, disrupting transport and causing loss of lives and financial loss to the people and public exchequer however, firm handling of law and order by the Police and Administration with the aid or military and para-military forces proved effective. The Meghalaya Police remained constantly vigilant for law and order situation arising out of circumstances of law year and general assembly election. Despite serious and sincere consideration of demands of non-gazetted police personnels by the Government, some elements indulged in unbecomingness and gross indiscipline forcing the Government to take stern and explemplary action against them. The Meghalaya fire service have effectively rendered their services and property worth Rs.53.30 lakhs were saved. Deportation and detection of foreign nationals has been satisfactorily accomplished. Due to gradual improvement of the communication system of the Meghalaya Police Radio Organisation, the law and order problems and the General Election 1993 could effectively be managed. The Government has undertaken modernisation of Police force with multi-dimensional approach.


        The Planning Commission will continue to extend plan assistance at the same rate for 1993-94 as done during last financial year i.e. Rs.200 lakhs. The District  Jails at Williamnagar and Tura have been made fully functional. The District Jail at Jowai is due to become functional soon. The construction work of District Jail in East Khasi Hills will start soon. There is a plan for construction of  sub-jails at Resubelpara, Dadenggiri, Mairang and Ampati also. Government will also take steps for jail reforms.


        The Department imparts training to urban and rural volunteers for deployment in case of law and order requirements and in times of calamities for rendering relief services. Government  also proposes  to utilise their services for other programmes such as afforestation works etc. The Department has trained up 3285 urban and 1040 rural volunteers against the targets of 561 and 1747 respectively fixed by Government of India. The Department has presently one battalion of the Border  Wing Home  Guards, which is deployed with State Police for law and order duties, security of VIPs and for guarding vital Government installations.


        As before, District Councils would continue to receive the support  from the Government for their plans and programmes. The proposed outlay for 1993-94 is Rs.250 lakhs under "Aid to District Councils" Government had also decided to channelise found to the tune of Rs.170 lakhs during 1991-92 for developmental programmes.


        Overall law and situation order of the State is better in the context of the whole country, barring  some untoward incidents  which occurred during August October 1992. The situation has  now improved. The General Election has passed off smoothly. Infiltration of Bangladeshi and foreign nationals has been curtailed. The main duty to check the infiltration rests with the B.S.F. In addition, the Government have set up four passport check posts, ten patrol posts and twelve infiltration check posts all along the border. Further, there are seven border police stations and a few numbers of outposts. Besides, there is one Border Wing Home guard Battalion and a number of registered and unregistered V.D.P.s the bordering villages. Moreover, there are special squads in every district Headquarter except Ri-Bhoi and South Garo Hills Districts. It has also been decided to construct border road fencing to check infiltration.


        Objective of the Department is to ensure orderly growth and proper management of urban centres and to maintain healthy urban environment. Accordingly, Master plans for Shillong, Tura and Jowai have been  prepared and approved by the Government, with the objective to tide over the traffic congestion and to arrest the growth of slums. Various infrastructural development schemes to provide desired civic amenities are being undertaken. Nehru Rozgar Yojna is being implemented  vigorously in Tura and Shillong. Work on the Satellite Township in Shillong would commence during 1993-94.


        This Department keeps the people informed of the various developmental programmes of the Government and involves the people in various  exhibitions at District and Sub Divisional levels. The State participated in the India International Trade Fair at New Delhi in November, 1992. Dissemination of information for public awareness would continue to receive Government's encouraging hand.


        Implementation of Labour Laws and regulations and labour welfare would receive desired attention of the  Government. However, labour unions and trade unions etc., in the state are in a nascent stage. The minimum wages are in the process of revision. Two more new district labour offices are going to start soon. Vigilance committees have been constituted in the districts for detection of any case of bonded  labour. The state enjoyed peaceful industrial relations. The Department  has its Employment wing and craftsman training wing. Besides these wings, the Employees State Insurance Scheme, Chief Inspector of Boilers and Factories and Meghalaya Civil Task Force also come within its fold. Employment exchanges and coaching-cum-guidance centre, ITI are geared up to facilitate employment and craftsmen training. Under Employees' State Insurance  Scheme, health care and cash benefits to 2000 persons were given during 1992-93. It is proposed to extend the scheme to new areas where sufficient  workers' scheme to new areas where sufficient population. A new office at Tura for better enforcement and implementation of Meghalaya Factories rules 1980 and Indian Boilers Act 1923, is contemplated.


        Sericulture and Handloom are two important cottage industries providing subsidiary occupation in rural areas. Efforts are on to promote these industries  as full time occupation/employment activity by stepping  up production and productivity. The Department has ensured systematic and improved production of silk worm food plants. Chowki rearing has been organised with full complement of inputs with added emphasis on quality control. Training of progressive sericulture farmers is also arranged every year. The other activities include improvement of reeling and spinning for quality production of silk yarn. The production of good quality handloom fabrics with better designs is being stepped up. Training and demonstration works have been organised through 10(ten) pilot weaving centres. Modernisation of handlooms is also being taken up through the State Apex Society of weavers and the State's Handloom Corporations.


        Success of developmental programmes and overall  peace and prosperity requires contented hardworking and disciplined Government servants. The Government, therefore, places great emphasis on welfare and career development of the Government  servants. As per recommendations of the Second Meghalaya Pay Commission with regard to dearness allowance, the Commission with regard to dearness allowance, the Government have so far released eleven installments of DA to its employees and pensioners. In addition 100 percent enhancement of medical allowance was made with effect from 1.4.92 and that of winter allowance from Rs.60 to  Rs.100 P.M with effect from 1.10.92. The Government have extended another benefit of surrender of earned leave and payment of leave salary to all permanent Government employees during the service. However, such benefits would only be given if  the State has adequate  resources, and hence it is the responsibility of all Government servants at all levels that they put in their best by way of punctuality, discipline and conduct to ensure sustained socioeconomic upliftment of the State.

        Sir I have, broadly spelt out the outline of the policies and Programme of the Government for 1993-94. The Plan supplement will give more details of the various developmental  Schemes and programme proposed to be implemented during the year. Now, before I present the Budget Estimates for the coming year, I would like to give a brief account of the actualS for 1991-92 and the revised estimated for 1992-93.

ACTUALS 1991-92

        The year 1991-92 opened with a negative cash balance of Rs.43.26 crores. The total receipts on all accounts was Rs.2667.35 crores, while the expenditure was of the order of Rs.2669.86 crores, resulting in a deficit of Rs.2.51 crores. Thus the year, closed with a negative cash balance of Rs.45.77 crores. However on the 31st March, 1992, the State Government had an  amount of Rs.38.14 crores invested in the Government of India treasury bills. In other words, the year 1991-92 virtually closed with a negative cash balance of Rs.7.63 crores. 


        According  to the revised estimates for 1992-93, the receipts on all accounts is Rs.2848.71 crores. The receipts, however, include Rs.38.14 crores being encashment of treasury  bills.  The expenditure  on all accounts is Rs. 2881.00 crores. Thus,  there is a deficit of Rs.32.29 crores and together with a negative opening cash balance of Rs.45.77 crores, the year would end on a negative cash balance of Rs.78.06 crores.


        The year 1993-94 is expected to open with a negative cash balance of Rs.78.06 crores. During the year, the receipts and expenditure on revenue accounts are estimated at Rs.524.28 cores and Rs.516.59 crores respectively  leaving a surplus of Rs.7.69  crores. Outside the revenue account, the estimated receipts and expenditure are Rs.2451.72 crores and Rs.2556.60 crores respectively, resulting in a deficit of Rs.104.88 crores. This together with the surplus on revenue accounts of Rs.7.69 crores will reduce the deficit to Rs.97.19 crores. However, with a negative opening balance of Rs.78.06 crores, the year is estimated to close with a deficit of Rs.175.25 crores. Broad details are indicated in the Annexure-II.


        With a view to reducing  the estimated deficit to the extent  possible, I propose the following measures of additional resource mobilisation.

(i) Imposition of pass fee on import  of India Made Foreign Liquor and Beer at the rate of Rs.2.00 per bulk litre and Rs.1.00 per bulk litre respectively.

(ii) Enhancement in the rate of license fee on India Made Foreign Liquor as under :-

(a) Bonded Ware house from Rs.50,000/- to Rs.70,000/-

(b) Retail Sale "Off" premises from Rs.15,000/- to Rs.25,000/-

(c) Canteen Tenant license under Military Canteen system from Rs.5,000/- to Rs.6,500/-

(iii)  Imposition of Amusement and Betting Tax on Cable T.V. Operators at the rate of Rs.2,000  per month per operator.

(iv) Levy of tax on 'Hoardings' at the rate of Rs.2,000 per year per Hoarding'.

(v) Increase in the rate of mineral cess on coal from Rs.10.00 to Rs.35.00 per tonne.

(vi) Increase in the rate of stamp duty by 25 percent over the existing rates and court fee by 15 percent  over the existing rates.

(vii) Imposition of surcharge at the rate of 5 percent of the rate of royalty on minor minerals, broomstick, dhup woods, charcoal, tezpatta, ekra and other reeds, for export outside the state.

(viii) Imposition of transit pass fee at the rate of Rs.100 per truck of timber exported outside the state.

        The above measures are expected to yield additional revenue of about Rs.6 (six) crores. As is evident from annexure II, the reality is that we have indulged in living beyond our means and thus improvement of financial discipline and control  measures with particular focus on restricting non-plan expenditure would have to be strictly enforced. Efforts to cut  wasteful expenditure and to improve productivity has to be underlined and emphasised. The Economy measures undertaken in the past have to be continued and directed to enforce financial discipline during 1993-94. It would be ensured that investment of plan funds takes place in productive schemes ensuring optimal returns in terms of economic growth. Proper planning and integration with credit plans has to be achieved to maximize gains. Honourable members, I am confident that with your conscious and concerted support, the objective of achieving financial discipline with improvement in quality of programme implementation and services would not be a far cry.

          With these words, Sir, the budget estimates for 1993-94 are presented to this august  House for consideration and approval. However to enable the Government to carry on with its duties and defray expenditure from the first day of the next financial year, I propose that the house may grant a vote-on-account.



1992-93 AND 1993-94

(Rs. in Lakhs)  
Name of  Sector 1992-93 1993-94


2. 3
I. Agriculture and Allied Services -
 1.  Crop Husbandry 828.00 1112.00
  (i) Assistance to Small  Farmers/Marginal Farmers 75.00 75.00
 2.  Soil and Water Conservation 594.00 702.00
 3. Animal Husbandry 400.00 500.00
 4. Dairy Development 87.00 75.00
 5. Fisheries 70.00 114.00
 6.   Forestry and Wildlife Preservation 1400.00 1200.00
 7.  Food Storage and Warehousisng 17.00 25.00
 8. Agricultural Research and Education 25.00 30.00
 9.  Agriculture Financial Institutions       1.00       1.00
10. Agricultural  Marketing and Quality Control 110.00 390
11. Co-operation : 200.00 250.00
 TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services 3807.00 4474.00
II  Rural Development 
1. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 185.00 210.00
2. Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) 60.00 70.00
3.Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 125.00 175.00
4.Land Reforms 173.00 100.00
5.Community Development and Panchayats 352.00 410.00
6.Research and Training in Rural Development.  10.00 10.00
TOTAL -II- Rural Development 905.00 975.00
III. Special Area Programme
     Border Area Development Programme 250.00 265.00
     Total - III - Border Area Development 250.00 265.00
IV. Irrigation and Flood Control
 1.   Medium Irrigation  151.00 270.00
 2.   Minor Irrigation 615.00 750.00
 3.   Command Area Development 65.00 65.00
  4.   Flood Control Projects 94.00 100.00
Total -IV -Irrigation and Flood Control 925.00 1185.00
V. Energy -
 1.   Power 4008.00 4450.00
 2.   Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE) 75.00 85.00
 Total -V- Energy 4083.00 4535.00
VI. Industry and Minerals :-
 1. Village and Small Industries 134.00 145.00
 2. Sericulture and Weaving 124.00 135.00
 3. Industries (other than village and Small Industries) 630.00 815.00
 4. Mining  250.00 263.00
Total-VI-Industries and Minerals 1138.00 1358.00
VII. Transport
     1.    Roads and Bridges 4509.00 5260.00
     2.    Roads Transport 138.00 180.00
     3.   Other Transport Services 85.00 100.00
 Total -VII-Transport 4732.00 5540.00
VIII. Science, Technology and Environment
1.Scientific Research including  Science and Technology 45.00 60.00
2.Ecology and Environment 50.00 50.00
Total-VIII- Science, Technology and Environment 95.0 110.00
IX. General Economic Services
1. Secretariat Economic Services 38.00 85.0
2. Tourism 350.00 360.00
3. Survey and Statistics 22.00 24.00
4. Civil Supplies 21.00 31.00
5. District Councils 210.00 250.00
6. Weights and Measures 11.00 14.00
Total -IX- General Economic Services 652.00 764.00
   1.  General Education 2122.00 2575.00
   2.  Technical Education 32.00 56.00
   3.  Art and Culture 80.00 150.00
   4.  Sports and Youth Services 300.00 325.00
        Sub- Total- Education,  2534.00 3106.00
    5.  Medical and Public Health 912.00 1079.00
    6.  Water Supply and Sanitation 1635.00 1870.00
    7. Housing General 302.00 310.00
    8. Urban Development 736.00 877.00
    9. Information and Publicity 124.00 93.00
   10. Welfare of Schedule Castes Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. 7.00 7.00
    11.  Labour Welfare 4.00 17.00
    12.  Training and Employment 29.50. 97.00
    13.  Social Security and Welfare 65.00 85.00
    14. Nutrition 170.00 215.00
TOTAL - X SOCIAL SERVICES 6527.00 7756.00
XI General Services :-
    1. Stationery and Printing 127.00 141.00
     2.Public Works  480.00 650.00
         (i) G.A.D Buildings etc. 450.00 550.00
         (ii) Jails 200.00 200.00
    3. Other Administrative  Services 25.00 35.00
        (i) Meghalaya Administrative Training Institute 35.00 55.0
       (ii) Fire Protection services 174.00 192.00
Total - XI - General Services 986.00 1138.00
GRAND TOTAL 24100.00 28100.00



(Rs. in Lakhs)
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1992-93 1993-94
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-)27,97.89 (-)43,26.15 (-)24,66.59 (-)45,76.70 (-)78,05.71
Revenue Receipt 3,52,97.42 4,03,68.254 4,30,75.90 4,49,09.50 5,24,27.55
Capital under the Consolidated Fund 32,82.97 41,20,48 83,49,81 85,00,81 1,81,71.92
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 14,90.16 12,45,57 5,99,85 11,26.88 5,99.85
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 6,90,91.74 22,10,01.04 18,87,83.31 23,03,33.58 23,26,99.95
TOTAL RECEIPT 10,10,62.29 26,67,35.33 24,08,08.87 28,48,70.77 29,75,99,27
GRAND TOTAL 9,82,64.80 26,24,09.18 23,83,42.28 28,02,94.07 28,97,93.56
Revenue Expenditure 3,10,77.41 3,68,04.83 4,36,17.81 4,33,57.86 5,16,58.81
Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund 94,87,47 1,2424,05 1,78,05.10 1,78,82.56 2,31,6-.39
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 14,90.16 12,45.57 5,99.85 11,26.88 5,99.85
Capital Expenditure under the Public Account 6,05,35.51 21,65,11.43 18,47,96.21 22,5732.48 23,18,99.95
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 10,25,90.55 26,69,85,88 24,68,18.97 28,80,99.78 30,73,19.00
Closing Balance (-)43,26.15 (-)45,76.70 (-) 84,76.69 (-) 78,05.71 (-)1,75,25.44
GRAND TOTAL 9,82,64.40 26,24,09.18 23,83,42.28 28,02,94.07 28,97,93,93.56
(a) In Revenue Account (+) 42,20.01 (+)35,63.41 (-)5,41.91 (+) 15,51.64 (+)7,68.74
(B) Outside Revenue Account (-) 57,48.27 (-) 38,13.96 (-) 54,68.19 (-)47,80.65 (-)1,04,88.47
(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance (-)15,28.26 (-)2,50.55 (-)60,10.10 (-)32,29.01 (-)97,19.73