Government of Meghalaya
Budget Speech

1994 95


Shri J. D. Pohrmen

Finance Minister, Meghalaya

29th March, 1994


Mr. Speaker Sir,

        It is my privilege to present before this august House the Budget Estimates for 1994-95.


        There has been a substantial improvement in the over all economic situation of the country. The process  of economic restructuring and reform began in 1992-93 has initiated a period of economic recovery  which is likely to continue. The Indian economy is reported to grow at 4% in 1993-94 as in the previous year and appears to have emerged decisively from the crisis of 1990-91. Inflation has been reduced  to about half the peak level of 17% reached in August, 1991. The agriculture sector has been performing well. The growth of value added in agriculture and allied sectors is estimated to be 2.3% in 1993-94. The public food grains stock stood at over 23 million tonnes on 1st January, 1994. This is the highest level in seven years and will thus ensure adequate food security. In the industrial front, however, the growth has been somewhat slow in 1993-94 largely due to sluggishness of capital goods sector as the firms have been restructuring their investment plants to adjust to the new situation. It is seen that the turn-around in investment in the capital goods sector has begun.

          Progress on the external front has been, indeed, most remarkable. The country's export has increased by 21 percent  in dollar terms in the first 10 months of 1993-94. Imports have shown a decline of 1.3 percent despite liberalisation of import policy and lowering of import duties. Consequently, the current account deficit in 1993-94 is likely to be less than 0.5%n of the G.D.P. the lowest since 1977-78 and even  a small surplus is expected on invisible account. Our foreign currency reserves which were a little over 1 billion in June 1991 are now close to $13 billion.

           The national Per Capita Income at current  prices (Quick Estimates) is estimated at Rs.6249 in 1992-93 as against Rs.5583 of the previous year. There has been some improvement in the unemployment situation as the available data of persons registered  with employment exchange shows a fall of 1.4% in November, 1993 as compared to November,1992.

           While presenting the Union Budget for 1994-95, the Union Finance Minister stated that major tasks before the nation are to accelerate the reform process, to correct the slippage in fiscal deficit that has occurred  in the current year, to provide a stimulus for industrial recovery particularly in capital goods sector, to continue efforts towards raising Agricultural output with emphasis on horticulture development, to reorient our development policies to deal effectively the problem of mass poverty, unemployment and social deprivation, particularly in the rural areas. It is however noticed that the central assistance for the State Plan is proposed to be reduced by Rs.1710 crores. It is hoped that this will not affect the allocation to special category States. Nevertheless, it points to the need for greater fiscal discipline, efficient use of development schemes for states.


        The provisional and quick estimate of Net Domestic Product at current prices increased from Rs.945.68 crores in 1991-92  to Rs.1070.72 crores in 1992-93 registering a growth of 13.22 per cent over the year as against 19.01 percent in the preceding year. The per capita income at current prices is Rs.5769 in 1992-93 as against Rs.5231 in 1991-92 which is 10.28 percent  increase. In real terms i.e., 1980-81 prices the Net State Domestic Product rose from Rs.344.66 crores in 1991-92 to Rs.370.36 crores in 1992-93 registering a growth of 7.5% only during the year as against 11.4% in the preceding year. Similarly, the per capita income in real terms rose by only 4.7% from Rs.1906 in 1991-92 to Rs.1995 in 1992-93.

            Agriculture Sector is the predominant sector of the State's  economy and contributed about 30%  of the Net State Domestic Product at constant prices. However,  the progress of Agriculture sector continues to be constrained due to the practice of traditional method of cultivation like shifting or jhum cultivation which  affects  the agricultural productivity of the major crops  of the State. The total food grains production in 1993-94  as estimated is 1,73,850 metric tonnes as against 1,45,199 metric tones in 19993 and 1,55,199 metric tonnes in 1991-92. The production of rice is estimated at 1,35,320 metric tonnes in 1993-94 compared to 1,14,036  metric tonnes in 1992-93 and 1,21,067 metric tonnes in 1991-92. The production of potato which is one of the major commercial crops of the State is estimated  in 1993-94 at 1,72,000 metric tonnes as against 1,19,563 metric tonnes in 1992-93 and 1,53,159 metric tonnes in 1991-92. The average yield of potato in 1993-94 is estimated at 9890 Kgs per hectare as compared to 6740 kg per hectare in 1992-93 indicating that possibly the declining trend in growth rate of potato has been now checked.

          As regards horticultural crops, the anticipated achievement under all fruits is  estimated at 2,53,000 metric tonnes with a total cropped area of 25,690 hectares in 1993-94.

         There has been  a significant increase in the number of registered small scale industrial Units in the State in recent years. However, the number of registered factories in the State stagnated during recent years resulting in fall in industrial employment. The number of  registered factories is 53 in 1993 employing  2604 persons as against 2493 in 1992. In mining & Geology Sector, the production of minerals has shown a decline over the last few years. The production of Coal in 1993  fell to 15.44  lakh metric tonnes from 26.21 lakh metric tonnes in 1992 indicating a fall of 41.09% from the level of 1990-91. The production of limestone and sillimanite in 1992 also decreased by 20% and 37.05% respectively  from 1991 and its production in 1993 has been 2.09 lakh metric tonnes against 1.88 lakh metric tonnes in 1992 indicating an  increase of 11.1%. The production of cement from the only major Cement Plant  at Sohra shows a decline of 17.6 percent in 1992.

          The incidence of large scale unemployment has been causing great concern to the State Government. According to Employment Exchanges, the number of registered unemployed Engineering, Graduates rose from 56 in 1990 to 66 in 1992 and  95 in 1993. The number of registered unemployed Agriculture Graduates went up from 4 in 1991 to 24 in 1992 and the general graduates from 1617  in 1991 to 1646 in 1992. The total number of unemployed persons went up to 12,109 in 1992 from 11,713 in 1991 which indicate a marginal increase of 3.38 per cent as against  13.82 percent of the preceding year. The number of persons employed in  public sector are 65.448 in 1992-93 as against 64,394 in 1991-92 showing a marginal improvement.  The numbers of persons employed in private sector are 4962 in 1992-93 as against 4835 in 1991-92 showing an increase of 2.63 per cent. The Government have reconstituted Meghalaya Employment Generation Council to review the  employment situation of the State and to evolve a coordinated strategy for expanding employment opportunities in both urban and rural sectors.

          The Consume Price Index (CIP) for Urban non-manual employees reflects that the cost of living at Shillong centre is the highest during the last few years. The Consumer Price Index (1984-85 as the base) of Shillong Centre as on September, 1993 is reported at 235 which is the highest among the selected centres of the country. An upward trend of prices is noticeable in the State particularly at Shillong. Wholesale and retail prices of essential commodities increased causing much hardships to the people. As the availability of essential commodities in the state is dependent of supplies  from outside. the sharp additional increase in prices is somewhat unavoidable.

          Over the years, the Banking sector has shown considerable improvement in the increase in total number of bank branches in the State from a mere 79 in 1983 to 210 in December, 1993. The total deposits in the State increased from  Rs.503.26 crores in December 1992 to Rs.659.12 crores  in December 1993 registering a growth rate of 31 percent  during the period. The volume of credit rose from Rs.105.50 crores in December 1992 to Rs.118.01 crores in December 1993 indicating an increase of about 12 percent. However, the credit-deposit-ratio was only 17.90 percent in December 1993 against 20.96 percent in December 1992.There is scope for much improvement in flow of Bank credit for which concerted effort by the Banks and the State promotional agencies is necessary.


           The approved Eighth Plan (1992-97) outlay of Meghalaya is Rs.1,029 crores. During 1993-94 Rs.281 crores has been allocated and also for 1994-95 inclusive of an outlay of Rs.37 crores for external Aided Projects and Rs.41.19 crores as Negotiated. Loans.

          The Schemes under External Aided Projects are to be taken up in consultation with the Government of India. the release of the fund by the Central Government would be subject to acceptance of the scheme and will be in the pattern of 90 percent grant  and 10 percent as Loan under the Special Category State facilities.

          An amount of Rs.958 lakhs has been allotted to the State out of the Plan outlay of the North Eastern Council during 1994-95 against the current years outlay of Rs.980.50 lakhs. Government also expects to receive substantial fund as Central Share under Centrally Sponsored Schemes and Central Sector Schemes.

          The year 1994-95 is the mid-year of the Eight Plan. During the year emphasis will be to complete ongoing schemes. Maximum utilisation  of Plan funds and institutional  finances to help increase employment opportunities and  implementation of Schemes in the core sector particularly anti poverty Schemes will receive Government's full attention.


        The Programme Implementation Department is assigned the task of monitoring, review and follow up action on implementation of plan schemes of the Government and in particular, the 20 Points programme which are to be pursued emphatically. To achieve these objectives, the Department had set up a Computer Cell to develop State Information System, Public Enterprise Cell and the Evaluation Unit to gear up the monitoring system and effective review of Government's Plan programmes.


        Though the State's economy is primarily dependent on Agriculture, the net cropped area is relatively small being about 2.01 lakh  hectares only. Government has given priority to food grains productions and horticulture in the Annual Plan for 1994-95. In the current year food grains production is expected to reach 1.74 lakh tonnes while the target for 1994-95  has been set at 2.03 lakh tonnes. The target for potato stands at 1,74.000 tonnes. Development of  commercial crops like ginger, cotton, jute, mesta and  mushroom are also being given due emphasis. Efforts are also on to popularise seeds of  maize, wheat, pulses through demonstration and minikit programmes.

           The Department has given stress on development of Horticulture and excepts to boost the total production of horticulture crops in the State to 2.53 lakh tonnes by the end of 1993-94. A target production of 2.95 lakh tonnes is proposed for the year 1994-95.

           The National Watershed Development Project for Rain fed Areas under Central Sector Scheme will have an area coverage of 400 hectares.

           Greater thrust is being  given to minor irrigation to boost agricultural production. The Department's anticipated  achievement in 1993-94 is 2920 hectares as against the target of 2750  hectares. Some new Schemes in the areas of water harvesting/drip irrigation will be taken up during 1994-95.

           Under the 8th Plan, a provision of Rs.3,320.00 lakhs has been earmarked. Against the current year's allocation of Rs.1,533.00 lakhs, the outlay for the year 1994-95 is fixed at Rs.1,433.00 lakhs including Rs.400.00 lakhs under EAP.


           Live Stock and Dairy Farming play an important role in generating self employment to the people. The Veterinary institutions extend health coverage to farm animals and poultry. Besides meat, milk and egg production, the existing farms in the State have been strengthened to supply inputs to the farmers. Necessary training is imparted to the farmers to familiarise them with the latest techniques in livestock management. Upgrading some of the existing Institutions, extending health coverage to farm animals and poultry and thereby improving the farmers economic well-being  has been the policy of the Government. Amount has been earmarked  for giving subsidy to the educated unemployed youths to take up Dairy Farming, Piggery production, poultry and Broiler production.

           During  1994-95 steps will be taken to set up Veterinary hospitals in each district and upgrade some Veterinary Aid Centres into veterinary dispensaries. Clinical  laboratory at Shillong has been  provided with modern facilities for diagnosis of animal diseases. The physical target during 1994-95 for production of meat has been fixed at 24000 tonnes, of milk at  56,000 litres and eggs at 74 lakhs.

           Existing five Milk Chilling Plants located at Shillong, Jowai, Ganol, Nongstoin and Gangodobi continue to provide remunerative market for milk producers in rural areas. One more Milk Chilling Plant  is being established at Williamnagar. Steps have been taken to increase the procurement of milk for the chilling  plants  to utilise their installed capacity.

           The  plan outlay for 1994-95 is fixed at Rs.450.00 lakhs for the Animal & Husbandry Sector while in respect of Dairy development sector a provision of Rs.50.00 lakhs has been kept.


        During 1993-94 the main emphasis was given on production of fish farms. Improvement of Government fish farms has been taken up in order to promote fish seed production for supply to the fish farmers. A new farm is proposed to be set up at Byrnihat. The target of fish seed production fixed at 4.00 million is expected to be achieved at the end of March,'94. The target for production of fish seed for the year 1994-95 is fixed at 4.00 million. To augment fish production both Captive and Culture Fisheries  have been adopted for which financial assistance is being provided to Pisiculturists on individual and cooperative basis. Private Pisiculturists are being imparted with training in modern concept of fish culture both inside and outside the State. During 1994-95, 300 fish farmers are proposed to be trained. Rs.114.00 lakhs has been provided during 1994-95.


        The Cooperative Movement in the State though lagging far behind, the cooperative activities have grown significantly over the years in terms of new areas, such as Credit and Banking, Consumers, Weaving and Processing Cooperatives. The Meghalaya Cooperative Apex Bank is the Apex body of Cooperative credit. Expansion of credit portfolio, diversification by opening more branches in rural areas and growth centres, mobilisation of more deposits and ensuring better Credit Deposit ratio are some of the major activities and achievements of this Institution. The Weaving  Cooperatives are providing self employment opportunities to the women weavers. On completion of modernisation and expansion programmes, the Garo Hills Cooperative Cotton Ginning & Oil Mills Ltd. is expected to provide and marginal cotton growers of Garo Hills. Efforts are on to strengthen and revitalise the cooperative movement and making them effective instruments for socio-economic development of the  people. Integrated Cooperative Development Project is expected to start soon in the State through the National Cooperative Development corporation.


        The total forest area in the State is 8510 Sq.Kms. out of which only933 sq. kms is under the control of the State Govt. and the rest under the District Councils and private management. Management of the Forests is oriented towards achieving the following  objectives:-

(1) To ensure protection  of water, soils, climates and wild life by simple and natural means through forest conservation and improvement.

(2) To preserve multiple and stable ecosystem.

(3) To gradually restrict the export of timber outside the State, in uncovered from and to completely ban the export of small sized timber.

(4) To enhance the productive potential of forest by use of genetically high quality seed and planting sector.

(5) Massive afforestation of abandoned jhum lands and other degraded tracts of the State under social forestry sector. An area of about 2,000 hectares is proposed to be brought under the intensive tree cover scheme during the year 1994-95.

(6) Creation of wild life Reserves and facilities for protection and multiplication of rare wild life species.

(7) Strengthening forestry Research and Training in the State.


        Coupled with primitive and destructive cultivation practices like jhuming, steep slope cultivation, uncontrolled deforestation, wild fires, extensive grazing etc., the State of Meghalaya with its  undulating topography and high intensity rainfall, suffers from acute soil erosion problems and ecosystem degradation. The task of Soil Conservation is challenging. To combat the problem of soil erosion, the Department has envisaged multi programmed schemes. These are (1) Soil Survey and testing (2) Erosion control works (3) Afforestation (4) Water conservation (5) Water harvesting structures (6) Extension and Training (7) Land Development (8) Jhum Control scheme with cash crop Development programmes like cultivation of Rubber, Cashewnut  cultivation etc. (9) Watershed Management Programmes and so on. Afforestation programme for 480  hectares, Agricultural land with assured irrigation for 400  hectares, Erosion control works on 650 hectares, Cash crop Development on 550 hectares have been projected as target during 1994-95

           Against the total 8th Plan tentative outlay of Rs.2440 lakhs, a provision of Rs.602.00 lakhs has been made for the year 1994-95.


        The community and Rural Development Department implements programmes to extend benefit to the rural people by accelerating developmental works and also provides avenues for public participation and creation of tangible community assets.

           The Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), the Jawahar Rozgar Jojana (JRY), Employment Assurance Scheme of Prime Minister, Special Scheme for Assistance to Small Farmers and Marginal Farmers including Training Scheme for Research & Training in rural Development are the important programmes under the Department.

            During 1993-94 an amount of Rs.410 lakhs has been provided, which include a provision of 210 lakhs for implementation of Schemes designed to raise identified families about the poverty line. Under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, preference will be given to SC/ST and other backward classes and 30 percent reservation for women has also been provided in employment under this scheme for which  an outlay of 79 lakhs has been earmarked. The outlay for IRDP in 1994-95 is 274.11 lakhs.

           Employment Assurance Scheme is a new Scheme to provide gainful employment for 100 days  during the lean agricultural season to all  able-bodies villagers which will be implemented in all Blocks. Besides Central Share, State  Government has provided Rs.40.00 Lakhs during the current plan. It may be mentioned  that the  Prime Minister announced this scheme on Mahatma Gandhi's birthday on 2nd October 1993 and the Government of India allotted Rs.160 lakhs under the scheme as its share which is 80 percent of the total cost. Rs.40.00 lakhs was later matched  by the State Government for the year 1994-95, Planning Commission have approved an outlay of Rs.96 lakhs as State Share of 20 percent of the total cost.

           A special Rural Works Programme (SRWP) with the objective of involving the rural population in developmental works right from the planning to the implementation  stage will be intensified in 1994-95 with a provision of Rs.90.00 lakhs for creation of durable social assets. Apart from the normal Community Developmental Programmes, the Department is also implementing other schemes under Agriculture, Education, Water Supply, construction of rural roads and such other sectors.


        With its vast Agro-resources and Forest wealth, rich mineral deposits including coal and untapped Hydel resources, the State has great potential for industrial development. Yet it has remained  industrially backward. In the Annual Plan 94-95, Rs.917 lakhs for large and medium  scale industries and Rs.145 lakhs for small scale industries have been provided. Khadi and Village Industries Board  will have an allocation of Rs.40.00 lakhs during 1994-95 to continue its efforts to raise Village and Handicraft sector. The main planks of State industrial development strategy are (a) Promotion of Industries in the large and medium Sector through equity participation of the M.I.D.C. in joint sector projects, (b) containing support to District Industries Centres including the new DICs at Nongpoh and Baghmara to promote small industries, (c) implementation of schemes for setting up of Growth  centres, Industrial Areas and (d) Support to Khadi and Village industries.

            Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation  has since promoted setting up of a number of small industrial enterprises in the joint sector. There  are proposals for developing the Industrial areas at Umiam and Byrnihat.

            The Growth Centre Scheme at Mendipathar is proposed to be implemented during 1994-95 with the finance from the Government of India.

           Pollution control measure in the MCCL  will also be taken up at an estimated cost of Rs.6 crores.

           The Entrepreneurship Development  Programme, Feasibility Study and Man Power Training schemes will continue to be implemented through the Meghalaya  Industrial  Development Corporation. With the objective of promoting entrepreneurship among the youths of the State and to assist the unemployed youths, Government have also initiated the  implementation of the Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana programme. 


            Power plays a vital and significant role in the growth and development of the State. During 1993-94 the total allocation against power sector was Rs.4450 lakhs of which entire amount is  in the form of loan from financial Institutional inclusive  of an amount of Rs.2600 lakhs against external aid. The main  works include completion of Stage IV portions of Umiam Umtru stage IV Project  with Upper Khri diversion, construction of Transmission  net-work and associated Sub-Station, improvement in Distribution system, rural electrification, investigation of future scheme and also detailed investigation of Leshka  Myntdu Hydro Electric Project. Further investigation works  on Mini Hydel Generation Projects at Lakroh, mini Ganal and Galwang have been completed. The feasibility report for the Lakroh Projects is expected to commence in 1994-95.

            During 1994-95, Planning Commission has recommended an outlay of Rs.4450 lakhs. Major portion of expenditure is proposed against renovation of modernisation of existing generation Units at Umiam Stage I and Umiam Stage II Power Stations. The funding of the same is to be done by External Aids. State Government loan of Rs.650 lakhs is proposed against Power Sector. The main thrust will be on the improvement of distribution and sub-transmission system. An amount of Rs.908 lakhs with loan  from M/s R.E.C. Ltd, is proposed under rural electrification.

            Emphasis has been laid on development of non-conventional sources of energy. 72000 L.P.D.  of Solar Hot Water Systems have already been installed. Decentralisation of electricity generation through Solar Photovoltaic and Micro Hydel  is also continuing. Programmes for cooking energy shall also continue through use of Solar Cookers, Bio-Gas and Improved Chullahs. Integrated rural energy Planning is extended to bring more people under the ambit of the programme to meet the basic energy needs of the indigenous tribal people of the State by promotion of various energy-efficient technologies.


            Meghalaya is a store house of economic minerals. the Department is engaged in exploration of  mineral resources ins the State. Nine mineral exploration  programmes have been taken up during the year 1993-94. During1994-95 nine investigation programmes are proposed  including ground water investigation and Geo-technical studies. the rate of cess on coal has been raised from Rs.10/- to Rs.35/- per tone from 1.4.93 and collection of royalty on coal has also been taken over by the Government  from August, 1993. the rate of cess has however been reduced recently to Rs.30 per M.T. All these measures including setting up of two Divisional Offices at Jowai and Williamnagar have been initiated with a view to augment State's revenue receipts. Government expects to realise Rs.7.60 crores during the year 1993-94 and has set a target of Rs.7.80 crores for the year 1994-95.

            During  the year 1994-95, a total outlay of Rs.263.00 lakhs have been proposed out of which Rs.150.00 lakhs has been earmarked for the coal Depot Project at Jorabat. Two additional Divisional Offices at Tura and Nongstoin are also proposed to be established. Granite rock investigation programme at an estimated expenditure of Rs.50.00 lakhs is also on the anvil.


           In keeping with the Directive  Principles of the Constitution to Universalisation of Elementary Education including provision for formal and non-formal education, several developmental programmes have continued to receive  Government's attention. Altogether 1621 teachers would be appointed  under  Operation Blackboard  Scheme. It is proposed to appoint 200 additional teachers in Primary Schools 300 thatched Primary Schools will be provided with durable  building with 500 additional class rooms during 1994-95. Government will continue with the management and control  of primary education  in the State.

           In the Secondary Education sector 3 more Secondary schools have been  selected  for introduction of Higher Secondary course which would bring the total number of such Institutions to 34. To keep pace with the national pattern of education, the Government is introducing 10+2+3 pattern in phased manner.

           In the field of Higher education, three year integrated course has been introduced in all colleges. A new B.Ed. College established in Tura, will cater to the training needs of Secondary teachers in Garo Hills. the Adult Education Programme has 100 centres with 450 Jana Shikshan Nilayam  or Village Libraries to help retain the literacy skill. the State Council for Technical Education has become operational.

            A building complex for State Council for Educational Research and Training is also coming up so that the in-service training of teachers, specially, in new curriculum can be effectively conducted. Government will continue to improve quality of Secondary Education with emphasis on teaching of Science and Mathematics. Government will continue to extend financial assistance under Deficit and Adhoc system to the privately managed Educational Institutions, such as, Aided Colleges, High and Higher Secondary Schools, Middle and Primary Schools for maintenance and for the purpose of extending facilities for sports & Games, Library and Text books etc.


            With its own distinct identity, tradition and culture, art and music and social customs, Meghalaya, the dream child of the hill people is a bright scion in the fabric on Indian polity. the Department  has taken steps to unveil  the rich culture of the people by undertaking numerous research works. Books on Socio Economic Survey, Festivals and ceremonies  of Meghalaya are being published. There is a proposal to set up an Academy which will consist  of literature, performing arts, crafts, music, theater etc. Documentary films on music, dance and cultural life of the people of Meghalaya have also been undertaken. Auditorium at Jowai Library will be opened for public  during the current year. Emphasis has also been given in regional and inter-regional exchange for culture. Continued efforts are being made to develop State Folk Museum and State Archives including steps to preserve the historical Monuments of the State. The State Museum building at Shillong is nearing completion.


            Sports and athletics in our Society are recognised as an essential feature of human activity and their object is not merely utilitarian. the  Government are giving emphasis on the development of sports  and games and welfare of the youth of Meghalaya. Construction of outdoor and indoor Stadia, development of the existing  play grounds, providing financial assistance to various sports and youth organisations with adequate training facilities to the budding sport persons are included in the programme activity. In the current year 33 nos. of sports projects are under implementation; 14 nos. of new projects in different districts with a total outlay of Rs.15.99 lakhs  have been sanctioned which will be taken up in 1994.

            Our youths are participating in all major National, Inter-State and Regional events in different disciplines, such as, Basketball, Athletics, Volleyball, Archery, Badminton, Boxing, Martial Arts etc. Besides creation of games and sports infrastructure, the Department also regularly organizes various tournaments and sports meet to expose our youth in the field of competitive games and sports.


           The Government continue to implement various schemes for the Welfare of Women. The Physically  Handicapped Children, Juvenile delinquents, the aged and the infirm and to strengthen viable voluntary Organisations  engaged in similar activities. Scholarships are awarded to the Physically Handicapped  students upto the College level, besides, prosthetic aid and Vocational training facilities being extended to them.

             Out of sanctioned 29 I.C.D.S., projects, 27 projects are operational and remaining two will be made operational during 1994-95. The I.C.D.S., schemes are implemented through Anganwadi Workers who are trained by the Government  under the Schemes of services for children in need of care and protection, 835 needy children are provided with food, shelter, clothing, education through 24 Voluntary  Organisations. The Creche at Shillong for the State Government employees is also run by the Indian Council of Social Welfare. Three Training training in weaving, tailoring, knitting and embroidery are functioning.


           According to statistics, one lakh sixty thousand houses are to be build in Meghalaya to realise the dream of "Shelter for All" by 2001 A.D. to achieve this goal, a special thrust has been made towards rural  areas and low income group categories through loan cum-subsidy scheme. The Department is also giving grants-in-aid to the Meghalaya State Housing Board to render assistance to the cyclone victims. Rs.310 lakhs as Loan  to the middle Income group and high income group are being sanctioned through this Board during 1993-94 covering 3,235 families approximately. A provision of Rs.260.00 lakhs has been made which will extend benefit to 2,134 families during 1994-95.


            Government will endeavour to achieve the national goal of 'Health for All' by 200 A.D.  Consolidation and optimum utilisation of infrastructure created for health care in rural and urban areas  will receive priority attention. An  intensive programme for  upgradation of the existing Medicare facilities at State level Medical Institutions and District  level Hospitals will be taken up. The on-going programmes for medical and paramedical Human Resource Development and In-Service Training of such personnel will  receive special attention. Completion of the on-going projects relating to the establishment of the Nurses Training Centre-cum-Hostel at Shillong, as well as completion of the Out-patient Departmental Complex of Shillong Civil Hospital will also be taken up on priority. Measures for identifying high risk areas in respect of the HIV syndrome and launching an intensive programme to preempt spread of AIDS  will be taken up  under the supervision and guidance of a  High-powered State Level Committee which has already been set up for this purpose. The Blood Banking  and Blood Screening facilities at Shillong will be upgraded. Similar facilities will be established at all District Hospitals in phased manner.

           Government will continue to pursue the accelerated implementation of the first phase of the programme for setting up of the North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Science at Shillong.


            Around 80 percent of the population of the State live in remote areas in isolated pockets surrounded by difficult  terrain. Roads constitute the only means of transportation  for them in Meghalaya. By the end of 1993-94  the State has anticipated to achieve the total length of 6189 kms. with a road density of 27.62 kms. /100  against the National  average density of 48.79 Km/100 Sq. Km. Effort will continue to increase the road sector both the State and the Central Government in the Eighth Plan.

           During 1994-95, the Department has fixed the target to achieve a total road length of 6319.00 Kms. with an outlay of Rs.5,300.00  lakhs. During the year major thrust is given to improve the road network on rural areas for which an amount of Rs.760.00 lakhs has been earmarked.

            Due to increased load and intensity of traffic in general and coal transportation in particular, the need to strengthen the pavements of roads, upgrade the existing roads by improvement, widening, metalling  and blacktopping the construction including reconstruction of bridges and culverts are being given adequate attention.

            The Building  Wing of Public Works Department is looking after construction and maintenance of most of the Government  Buildings including Meghalaya Houses at Calcutta and New Delhi, and other places. Some important projects like construction  of Yojana Bhavan attached to Main Secretariat Complex, Integrated office complex at Nongpoh, the office of the commissioner of Division and its staff quarters at  Tura, Police Headquarters Complex at Shillong will be taken up in the coming year. The Meghalaya Government construction Corporation Limited under the administration  control of Public  Works Department has also taken up numerous projects.


            Government is according priority in providing drinking water and sanitation facilities under various programmes in both urban and rural areas. 4,443 problems  villages and 175 of non-problem villages have been provided with drinking water facilities. 300 villages are covered under the drinking water supply scheme during 1993-94. 308 newly identified villages are targeted for next year in the continuing schemes. Augmentation works for Nongstoin, Nongpoh and Williamnagar beside 202 villages with increased population are proposed for the year 1994-95. Urban water supply programme have so far covered all the seven towns in the State. Phase I and part of phase II of Greater Shillong Water Supply Scheme have been completed with a capacity to deliver 50 lakh gallons of water per day.

              Government is also proposing to augment water supply in Tura, and Jowai. Government has also taken up sanitation schemes in urban and rural areas to provide hygienic and sanitary condition. The plan outlay for the year 1994-95 has been fixed at Rs.1831.00 lakhs.


             Efficient and adequate transport system plays a key role in the economic development of land-locked States like Meghalaya. The State Government have taken up with the Railway Ministry to revive the original project of railway line from Guwahati upto Byrnihat on priority basis and also to expedite construction of the  Railway line from Dudnoi to Depa. N.E.C. has already given administrative  approval to the construction of an airport at Baljek  valley in the West Garo Hills district. 40% of the cost of this project will be borne by National Airport authority of India.

           The role of Meghalaya Transport Corporation in the road Transport net work is immense. The State has provided the basic transport infrastructure and facilities through the Meghalaya Transport corporation operating on 53 routes. with a fleet of 191 buses. The Corporation has provided service links to 610 villages. The Central Workshop  at Shillong not only looks after the maintenance of M.T.C. fleet, but also attends to the maintenance of all the Government vehicles at Shillong. Another regional workshop of the M.T.C. has been set up at Tura. There is a proposal for acquiring 21 new buses during 1994-95 for  replacement of old  and unserviceable buses.

             With a view to promoting safe driving habits, driving training Schools have been set up at Tura, Shillong and Jowai. The Department is also providing financial assistance to unemployed Scheduled Caste/Schedule Tribe youths for purchase of buses/three wheelers. Strengthening of enforcement machinery, Joint check gate and automobile pollution control are being given due attention.

           Government has also initiated steps to construct administrative and office buildings both in the State and District Headquarters. Surveys for Rope way project linking Upper Shillong-Umiam,  and Tura Stadium-Tura Peak, have also been completed by the North Eastern Council.


            Meghalaya is dotted with a number of beautiful tourist spots where nature unveils herself in all her glory. To attract tourists, Crow borough hotel at Shillong, Wayside Amenities at Anogiri and Khliehriat, a Yatriniwas at  Shillong and Tura and tourist Bungalows at Siju and Baghmara are on the anvil. With a view to encourage local people to participate in this activity, Government is considering privitisation of some of the existing units. Development of new tourist spots and construction of Tourist Bungalows at Ranikor and Balpakram will be taken up.

           It is expected that Restricted area Permit will be withdrawn and thereby providing ample scope to the flow of substantial number of foreign tourists to the State. It has been the Government's policy to take all steps to exploit  the vast tourism potential by improving existing facilities and developing necessary infrastructures.


           The entire State of Meghalaya has been brought under the coverage of Public Distribution System. Of the total of 3629 Nos. of Fair Price Shops, 3014 Nos. are functioning in the rural and border areas. Inspite of operational problems, steps to improve the functioning of the machinery for distribution of essential  commodities are continuously being geared up. Mobile  Van has been pressed into service for non-P.D.S. commodities like pulses, M. Oil, Tea leaves, Baby food, Kerosine etc. Vigilance Committee at District level has been constituted to ensure effective supervision and distribution  of essential commodities through Fair Price Shops  under the Integrated Tribal Development Scheme for supplies of foodgrains at subsidised rate.

             State level Consumers Protection Council has been set up to redress the problems and grievances of the public. Seminars of local leaders, Headmen have been organised to create the awareness of the rights and responsibilities of the consumers.


            Land in Meghalaya has not been cadastrally surveyed in most places. Government is contemplating to set all lands cadastrally surveyed and Land Records prepared to avoid  litigations and to help people in getting financial  benefits from banks and other financial  Institutions. Cadastral survey work has been  entrusted to the District Councils but the progress of work is yet to gain momentum.

            Consultation with Government of Assam to find an amicable solution to the vexed boundary problem between the two States is going on at different levels.


            This Organisation of the Government is responsible for uniformity and accuracy in the weights and measures. The enforcement work in the field includes frequent inspections, seizures, surprise raids and legal action against the  defaulters. Stamping of weighting and measuring instruments are regularly done to check the tendency of cheating by unscrupulous traders.

            Enforcements through field staff to ensure uniformity and accuracy in weights and measures and prices of packaged commodities are carried out by this Department so that people in general and the consumers in particular do not suffer at the hands of the unscrupulous traders. Inspection and check of weighting instruments are made periodically.


             To improve the economic conditions of people residing in border areas, various schemes through the different Department have been taken up. Grant-in-aid to twenty-five numbers of Schools amounting to Rs.20.00 lakhs has been proposed during 1994-95. In addition  to this, an amount of Rs.149.60 lakhs has been earmarked during 1994-95 for various schemes to be executed  by concerned Departments for over-all improvement of the socio-economic condition of the border people.


               The construction of Multi-storied building to replace the old Assam-Type  Government Press building in phased manner is going on and is expected to be completed during  1994-95. When fully completed, it will provide all modern facilities in printing job of the government Departments. The Branch Press at Tura  is also being extended. Both the Presses will be further modernised by providing sophisticated machinery like offset Machine, Process Camera etc. during the year 1994-95.


               Development of infrastructure in terms of office accommodation at the State/District/Sub Divisional head quarters and been  given utmost importance. Rs.3000 lakhs is the proposed outlay for construction of administrative and residential buildings during the 8th Plan period. Government  is planning to ease the shortage in regard to office accommodation by taking up construction of building in the Secretariat Hills and adjoining areas.

             Suitable land for the Meghalaya House at New Bombay and 2nd Meghalaya House at Eastern Metropolitan Bye-pass, Calcutta has been acquired. Preliminary development of these sites and construction of buildings thereon are under examination of the Government.


             The scheme of Youth Parliament is implemented to infuse the knowledge of parliamentary system among the youths. Incentives by way of  distribution of prizes and awards were given to the participants.


             The law and Order situation throughout the State was, by and large, peaceful during the year. 1993 Meghalaya Police have initiated  result-oriented changes in Infiltration Branch; Checkgates and posts have been shifted to identified areas of infiltration. In addition, new check posts have also been set up in strategic routes of inter-district  border. These measures proved successful when a record 2741 infiltrators were detected during 1993. Schemes for creation of a Mobile Task Force, Reverine Police and Police squads are under active consideration of the Government. Police Radio Organisation has set up 1 HF Station and 7 VHF  Stations. Also date Communication over VHF  Radio has been installed between State Capital and 5 district Head quarters. A significant achievement of the department is capture of a large cache of illegal arms and ammunition and  different Narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances which reflect its efficient functioning.

            To facilitate investigation into cases like misappropriation and embezzlement of public fund and  other acts  of corruption, the CID (Hq) at Shillong has been declared a Police Station largely on CBI model for ensuring prompt investigation and charge sheeting of the offender. Under the Police Housing Scheme, all efforts have been made to provide accommodation to all categories of Police Personnel. For the year 1994-95 an allocation of Rs.100.00 lakhs has been earmarked in the State Plan for the purpose. Performance in regard to crime detection as a whole has been satisfactory.


            The Planning Commission continue to extend plan assistance with a provision of Rs.200.00 lakhs for 1994-95. Construction of a new District Jail Complex in the existing land in Shillong started during the year 1993-94. Special renovation work is also proposed to be made in the State Home for mentally ill People at Mawlai. Construction of Sub-Jails at Mairang, Dadenggiri, Resubelpara will be under taken. In line with the Central Policy on jail reform, the Government proposes to continue the various developmental activities in jail premises for the benefit of jail inmates.


             Civil Defence and Home Guards personnel are deployed to assist the civil administration  during emergent situations and render relief services in times of natural calamities. It  acts as an auxiliary force in assisting the Police in law and order duties and is also assigned with security duties, e.g., to guard the State Government establishments including the State Secretariat. Personnel of the Border Wing of the Home Guards are deployed on the Indo-Bangladesh border.


            Stability of administration and maintenance of peace and tranquility are essential conditions for all round development of State. The objectives  and will continue to maintain its policy of fair and just treatment to all citizens. For last one year law and order situation of the State has been by and large satisfactory. The State of Meghalaya has problems of infiltration of foreigners from Bangladesh and Nepal. To tackle with this serious problem, Government had set up 4 watch posts, 4 passport check-posts. 10 patrol posts and 12 infiltrator check-posts, Two check posts have been shifted to Sonapur and 8th mile at Jowai, as these places were identified as potential catchment areas of infiltrators. Similar measures have been taken in West Khasi Hills District too. Issue of Identity Card has been sanctioned by the Government of India which will help towards speedy detection of foreign infiltrators.


            Although the District  Councils are autonomous bodies, they depend largely on Government grants for implementation of various schemes. Construction of village roads, footpaths, small bridges, playgrounds, ring-wells, water tanks etc. are undertaken by the Autonomous District Councils.

            While a total outlay of Rs.1,300.00 lakhs has been earmarked under the scheme for "Aid to the District Councils" on the recommendation of the State Planning  Board for the Eighth Plan period, the allocation for the year 1994-95 is Rs.250.00 lakhs.


             This Department is to ensure orderly growth Urban centres and their proper management. The Master Plans for Shillong, Jowai and Tura have been completed. Steps have been taken to reduce traffic congestion by providing off-road parking lots. The major parking lots opposite to Apex Bank, Laitumkhrah Parking and the parking in the Cantonment area of Shillong  are in progress. Considerable improvements have been ,made  towards connecting different localities  by a network of roads and footpaths. Commercial Complexes are being constructed in Shillong, Tura, Williamnagar and also at Baghmara. Nehru Rozgar Yojana, Urban Basic Services for the poor are implemented through Municipal Boards. A massive programme for conversion of dry latrines into Sanitary  Latrines in Shillong  and Tura  is proposed to be taken up. This is likely to be completed by the end of 8th Plan. Government have also sanctioned setting up of a Satellite Township near Shillong to ease Congestion.


             This Department keeps the people informed of various developmental programmes and activities of the Government and involves people through various exhibitions at District and Sub-Divisional levels and through a net work of District Sub-Divisional offices and 76 rural integrated Information Centres. The State participated in the India International Trade Fair 1993 at New Delhi. Dissemination of information for public awareness would continue to receive Government support and priority.


            The Department is connected with the implementation of welfare schemes relating to labour of industrial units in the State and supervision and enforcement of Labour Act and rules. During the period 1993-94  the State enjoyed peaceful industrial relations. The District  Implementation Committees have been constituted to ensure that the workers are paid due wages in proper manner by the Management. The Vigilance Committees have also been constituted to see that there is no practice of bonded labour which is at present non-existent in the State.


            Sericulture and Handloom Weaving are important cottage Industries in Meghalaya which provide subsidiary occupation to the rural people and help augment their family income. Government is giving its full thrust in this sector so that this avocation can be adopted by the people on a full time basis. The Department at the same time is taking all steps  to improve productivity. Quality control of forty two block plantations for Mulberry, Eri and Muga has been organised. Improved  varieties of saplings are raised in departmental nurseries for distribution to the farmers. Training of progressive farmers are also conducted. Handloom weaving is also receiving equal attention for quality production of fabrics with better designs. Steps have also been taken for improvement of reeling and spinning for production of silk yarn.


             Science and Technology cell under Planning Department is carrying out activities in the field of popularisation of science, introduction of appropriate technologies, S&T Model villages, sponsored projects, application of Remote Sensing technique for which an outlay of Rs.110.00 lakhs during 1994-95 has been proposed.

            Science Populatisation is aimed at inculcating scientific temper among the general masses, particularly the  Student Community, through Science Talent Competition, Excursions, Audio-Visual Programmes etc. In the field of Appropriate Technology, Improved Chulha, Law cost Sanitation, Water filter, Rain Water harvesting Projects are being taken up. One model Village in Ri Bhoi District and two other villages in East Khasi Hills and West Garo Hills are being taken up during the current year. One more village is being considered in the next financial year.

            Under the Sponsored Projects scheme, school level students' Project covering 20 schools per district is being undertaken during the current year. Basic visual Interpretation system for the proposed Remote Sensing Centre have already been acquired. Procurement of Digital Interpretation system  is also under consideration. Employment Generation Council has been set up to review the performance in physical and employment generation which will also suggest measures for sustained growth of employment opportunities.

              Sir, I have broadly outlined the policies and programmes of the State Government for 1994-95. The Plan Supplement will indicate the details of the various schemes and programmes proposed to be implemented during the year. I would now like to present a brief account of the actuals for 1992-93 and the revised estimates for 1993-94 before I present the budget estimates for 1994-95.

ACTUALS 1992-93

            During 1992-93 the receipts and expenditure on all accounts were Rs.2429.49 crores and Rs.2443.80 crores respectively resulting in a deficit of Rs.14.31 crores. The year opening with a negative balance of Rs.45.76 crores. Thus together with a negative opening balance of Rs.45.76 crores, the year 1992-93 closed with deficit of Rs.60.07.


            The year 1993-94 has been financially a very difficult year and the State Government had unavoidably lapsed into overdraft intermittently till October 1993. The financial crisis has been largely caused by systemic changes in the pattern of providing funds to the State by the Centre such as non-provision  of funds for meeting the 7th Plan committed liability which has been placed at Rs.36.13 crores in the current year and large uncovered  non-plan revenue gap. The State Government with  its meager resources could not be expected  to bridge the gap. On the other hand it had to incur additional revenue expenditure for payment of additional D.A. to State Government employees and other essential development and non-development expenditure. The overdraft reached  the peak level of 59.91 crores in April 1993. to meet the situation, it has been necessary for the State Government to adopt stringent economy measures curtailing expenditure particularly on the non-plan side. Appreciating the State's difficulty the Government of India had sanctioned advance plan assistance of Rs.48.47 crores to help the State Government in meeting its urgent commitments. As a result of  serious administrative and economy measures it has been possible for the State Government to avoid not only lapse into overdraft but also availing ways and means advance since November, 1993. The economy measures will however have to continue for sometime. The financial problem of the State has been taken  into account in our Memorandum to the 10th Finance Commission will take a sympathetic and realistic views of the State Government's financial needs for better governance and sustained social and economic development.

            The Budget estimates for 1993-94 estimated a total revenue receipts of Rs.524.28 crores which is now Rs.525.47 crores. This is due to the increase in State's tax and non-tax revenue from Rs.67.64 crores to Rs.75.87 crores. The increase is largely due to the measures of additional resource mobilisation which I had mentioned in my last year's Budget Speech. However, our share of Union Excise Duties has decreased from Rs.121.12 crores to Rs.112.92 crores. The Budget  estimate for the year provided a total revenue expenditure of Rs.516.59 crores  which now stands at Rs.516.57 crores reflecting  out ability to restrict revenue expenditure. The total revised receipts and expenditure on other accounts outside the revenue account have been estimated at Rs.2497.57 crores and Rs.2501.15 crores respectively. The year was estimated to close with a deficit of Rs.97.20 crores. However, it is now estimated to close with a deficit of Rs.94.68 crores and together with the negative opening cash balance of Rs.60.07 crores, the year will end with a negative balance of Rs.154.75 crores as against the projected level  of Rs.175.25 crores in the Budget estimates.


             During 1994-95 the total revenue receipts is estimated at Rs.580.84 crores. The total revenue expenditure is estimated at Rs.544.26 crores. This includes a non-plan  expenditure of Rs.368.95 crores and a plan expenditure of Rs.175.31 crores, inclusive of State Plan, Central Sector/Centrally Sponsored Plan and North Eastern Council regional Plan. there is a surplus of Rs.36.58 crores on revenue account.

             The estimated receipts on other accounts outside the revenue account are Rs.2552.52 crores and the estimated expenditure are Rs.2641.09 crores. Thus the deficit on other accounts outside the revenue account is Rs.88.57 crores. This together with the surplus of Rs.36.58 crores  on revenue account will reduce the deficit to Rs.51.99 crores. However taking into account the negative opening balance of Rs.154.75 crores, the year 1994-95 is estimated to end with a deficit of Rs.206.74 crores. The board details are indicated at Annexure II.


             With a view to reducing the estimated deficit to the extent possible I propose the following measures of additional resource mobilisation.

(i) Imposition of ad-valorem method of taxation in place of existing rates of taxes per litre of all petroleum products and enhancement of the tax per rupee value of the following petroleum products on ad-valorem basis over the existing level.

        (a) Motor Spirit  - 5 paise on a rupee

        (b) Diesel Oil      - 4 paise on a rupee

        (c) Lubricant       - 5 paise on a rupee

        (d) Kerosene not ordinary use as in internal combustion - 1 paise on a rupee

        (e) Crude oil     - 10 paise on a rupee

        (f) Motor spirit used as fuel for aircraft including aviation  turbine fuel  - 20 paise on a rupee.

        (g) Polyester staple fibre(PSF) and dimethyl tetrapthalate  - 1 paise on a rupee

(ii) Enhancement the rate of tax in respect of timber (converted and unconverted) excluding firewood from the existing rate of 50 paise on a rupee to 60 paise.

(iii) Imposition of purchase tax on lime and limestone at the rate of 10 paise on a rupee.

(iv) Enhancement of taxes on vehicle under Motor Vehicle Tax, like buses, taxis, trailers etc.

(v) Enhancement of the rate of  Security Deposit on coal at a flat rate of Rs.650 per truck carrying both lump or handpick variety as well as R.O.M. or mixed variety.

(vi) Enhancement of export transit pass fee from Rs.100 per truck to Rs.500 per truck (flat rate) in respect of round timber log (including log with bark and without bark) and enhancement of fee from Rs.100 per truck to Rs.200 per truck in respect of timbers of other forms.

(vii) Imposition of a flat rate of Rs.200 per truck on minor minerals and forest produce exporting outside the State.

            In line with National Policy to promote Tourism, which has been recently highlighted in a conference on Tourism and Civil aviation of North-Eastern Region including Sikkim, held at Shillong, the State Governments have decided to reduce the tax on all luxuries provided in Hotels and lodging houses in the State by 50% of the existing rates.

             Meghalaya State Electricity Board has been facing a continuing resource shortfall leading to huge losses on revenue account. Several factors  have contributed to this of which the basic inviability of the rural electrification schemes and low rate of tariff far below the cost of production are of major importance. The capital structure of Meghalaya State Electricity Board built entirely on loan has also entailed a huge position to discharge due to lack of adequate  surplus. Though the negative balance of Meghalaya State Electricity Board has come down in the current year, the problem still persists and calls for some immediate remedial measures. While the Government will give a fresh look to the structural issues separately, a need has arisen for considering a reasonable increase in tariff to offset partly the normal increase in operational costs and to improve the power supply. It is pertinent to mention that following the tentative agreement with Assam Electricity Board, for an increase of 10% in the rate of supply to Assam, similar increase in power tariff for sale inside the State both for domestic and other supplies has become imperative. The proposed tariff for domestic supply is 73 paise per unit. I seek your cooperation and support in this regard.

             The aforesaid measures are expected to yield additional revenue of about Rs.567.00 lakhs. As is evident from annexure II, the reality is that we have indulged in living beyond  our means and this improvement of financial discipline and control measures with particular focus on restricting non-plan expenditure would have to be strictly and to improve productivity and efficiency have  to be underscored. The Economy measures  undertaken in the past are to be continued and directed to enforce better financial discipline during 1994-95. It should be ensured that investment of plan funds takes place in productive schemes generating optimal returns in terms of social and economic benefits. Further  streamlining of the Planning process and integration with credit plans has to be achieved along with effective monitoring and evaluation of schemes for optimising benefits. Honourable members, I am confident that with your conscious and concerted support, the objective of achieving financial discipline with improvement in quality of programme implementation  and services, will be realised.

            With these words, Sir, the budget estimates for 1994-95 are presented to this august House consideration and approval. However, to enable the Government to carry on with its duties and defray expenditure from the first day of the next financial year, I propose that the House may grant a vote-on-account.



1993-94 AND 1994-95

   (Rs. in Lakhs)  
Name of  Sector 1993-94 1994-95


2. 3
I. Agriculture and Allied Services -
 1.  Crop Husbandry 1112.00 1072.00
  (i) Assistance to Small  Farmers/Marginal Farmers 75.00 75.00
 2.  Soil and Water Conservation 702.00 702.00
 3. Animal Husbandry 500.00 450.00
 4. Dairy Development 75.00 50.00
 5. Fisheries 114.00 114.00
 6. Forestry and Wildlife 1200.00 1100.00
 7. Storage and Warehousing 25.00 25.00
 8. Agricultural Research and Education 30.00 30.00
 9.  Agriculture Financial Institutions       1.00       1.00
10 Agricultural Marketing and Quality Control 390.00 390.00
11.Co-operation : 250.00 250.00
 TOTAL - I- Agriculture and Allied Services 4474.00 4199.00
II  Rural Development 
1. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) 210.00 210.00
2. Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) 70.00 100.00
3.Jawahar Rozgar Yojana 175.00 79.00
4.Land Reforms 100.00 100.00
5.Community Development and Panchayats 410.00 410.00
6. Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) 96.00
7. Special Rural Work Programme 90.00
8..Research and Training in Rural Development.  10.00 10.00
TOTAL -II- Rural Development 975.00 1095.00
III.Special Area Programme
     Border Area Development Programme 265.00 265.00
     Total - III - Border Area Development 265.00 265.00
IV.Irrigation and Flood Control
 1.   Medium Irrigation  270.00 270.00
 2.   Minor Irrigation 750.00 263.00
 3.   Command Area Development 65.00 50.00
  4.   Flood Control Projects 100.000 100.00
Total -IV -Irrigation and Flood Control 1185.00 1083.00
V. Energy -
 1.   Power 4450.00 4450.00
 2.   Non-Conventional sources of Energy (NRSE) 85.00 85.00
 Total -V- Energy 4535.00 4535.00
VI. Industry and Minerals :-
 1. Village and Small Industries 145.00 145.00
 2. Sericulture and Weaving 135.00 135.00
 3. Industries (other than village and Small Industries) 815.00 917.00
 4. Mining  263.00 263.00
Total - VI- Industries and Minerals 1358.00 1460.00
VII. Transport
     1.    Roads and Bridges 5260.00 5300.00
     2.    Roads Transport 180.00 250.00
     3.   Other Transport Services 100.00 118.00
 Total - VII-Transport 5540.00 5668.00
VIII. Science, Technology and Environment
1.Scientific Research including  Science and Technology 60.00 110.00
2.Ecology and Environment 50.00 50.00
Total-VIII- Science, Technology and Environment 110.00 160.00
IX. General Economic Services
1. Secretariat Economic Services 85.00 85..00
2. Tourism 360.00 350.00
3. Survey and Statistics 24.00 24.00
4. Civil Supplies 31.00 31.00
5. District Councils 250.00 250.00
6. Weights and Measures 14.00 14.00
Total -IX- General Economic Services 764.00 754.00
   1.    General Education 2575.00 2575.00
   2.  Technical Education 56.00 56.00
   3.   Art and Culture 150.00 150.00
   4.  Sports and Youth Services 325.00 325.00
        Sub- Total- Education,  3106.00 3106.00
    5.  Medical and Public Health 1079.00 1079.00
    6.  Water Supply and Sanitation 1870.00 1831.00
    7.  Housing General 310.00 300.00
    8.  Urban Development 877.00 877.00
    9.  Information and Publicity 93.00 75.00
   10. welfare of Schedule Castes Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes. 7.00 7.00
    11.   Labour Welfare 17.00 17.00
    12.  Training and Employment 97.00 101.00
    13.  Social Security and Welfare 85.00 85.00
    14. Nutrition 215.00 238.00
TOTAL - X SOCIAL SERVICES 7756.00 7716.00
XI General Services :-
    1. Stationery and Printing 141.00 60.00
     2.Public Works 
         (i) G.D.A. Buildings etc. 550.00 550.00
         (ii) Jails 200.00 200.00
    3. Other  Administrative  Services
        (i)     Meghalaya Administrative Training Institute 55.00 55.00
        (ii)    Fire Protection services 192.00 150.00
        (iii)   Police Housing ........ 100.00
        (iv)   Judiciary Buildings ........ 50.00
Total - XI - General Services 1138.00 1165.00
GRAND TOTAL 28100.00 28100.00



Rs. in lakhs
Heads Actuals Actuals Budget Revised Budgets
1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1993-94 1994-95
1 2 3 4 5 6
Opening Balance (-) 43,26.15 (-) 45,76.70 (-)78,05.71 (-)60,70.46 (-)1,54,74.90
Revenue Receipt 4,03,68.24 4,28,50.12 5,24,27.55 5,25,46.76 5,80,83.89
Capital under the Consolidated Fund 41,20.48 91,57.31 1,18,71.92 1,44,95.97 1,55,39.80
Capital Receipt under the Contingency Fund 12,45.57 12,38.38 5,99.85 6,31.93 5,99.85
Capital Receipt under the Public Account 22,10,01.94 18,9702.97 23,26,99.95 23,46,29.57 24,11,12.72
TOTAL RECEIPT 26,67,35.33 24,29,48.78 29,75,99.27 30,23,04.23 31,33,36.26
GRAND TOTAL 26,24,09.18 23,83,72.08 28,97,93.56 29,62,96.77 29,78,61.36
Revenue Expenditure 3,68,04.83 4,10,29.18 5,16,58.81 5,16,56.67 5,44,25.85
Capital Expenditure under the Consolidate Fund 1,24,24.05 1,78,30.72 2,31,60.39 2,57,53.50 2,33,71.90
Capital Expenditure under the Contingency Fund 12,45.57 12,38.38 5,99.85 6,31.93 5,99.85
Capital Expenditure under the Public Account 21,65,11.43 18,42,81.26 23,18,99.95 23,37,29.57 24,01,37.72
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 26,69,85.88 24,43,79.54 30,73,19.00 31,17,71.67 31,85,35.32
Closing Balance (-)45,76.70 (-)60,07,46 (-)1,75,25.44 (-)1,54,74.90 (-)2,06,73.96
GRAND TOTAL 26,24,09.18 23,83,72.08 28,97,93.56 29,62,96.77 29,78,61.36
(a) In Revenue Account (+)35,63.41 (+)18,20.94 (+)7,68.74 (+)8,90.09 (+)36,58.04
(b) Outside Revenue Account (-)3813.96 (-)32,51.70 (-)104,88.47 (-)103,57.53 (-)88,57.10
(c) All Accounts excluding the opening and closing Balance (-)2,50,55 (-)14,30.76 (-)97,19.73 (-)94,67.44 (-)51,99.06